468. Islamic FGM in Detroit, Michigan

Stoppt selbst die geringst invasive FGM

Die WHO-Klassifikation zur weiblichen Genitalberstümmelung (FGM) muss erhalten bleiben: Nein zu den Versuchen der Straffreistellung der Islamic FGM (Chitan al-inath, indones.: sunat perempuan), etwa der sogenannten milden Sunna, überall auf der Welt. Von Gabi Schmidt und Edward von Roy.

Ob als Prof. Karl-Peter Ringel mit Ass. Jur. Kathrin Meyer (§ 226a StGB – Sonderstraftatbestand der Frauenbeschneidung & verfassungswidrige Ungleichbehandlung (2014))[1] oder ob als Gutachterin zum 70. djt Prof. Dr. Tatjana Hörnle (Verhandlungen des 70. Deutschen Juristentages Hannover 2014 Bd. I: Gutachten Teil C: Kultur, Religion, Strafrecht – Neue Herausforderungen in einer pluralistischen Gesellschaft)[2], in immer neuen Wellen branden die Versuche der Aufweichung der WHO-Klassifikation[3] zur weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung (FGM) heran, die Versuche der Straffreistellung der irgendwie geringer invasiven Formen der Mädchenbeschneidung.

Hier haben Sozialpädagogen und Sozialarbeiter unzweideutig Stellung zu beziehen: Die Genitalbeschneidung muss global verboten bleiben bzw. werden, einerlei, ob der junge Mensch ein Mädchen ist oder ein Junge. Denn völlig altersentsprechend ist auch ein 12, vierzehn oder 16 Jahre alter junger Mensch nicht in der Lage, die Folgen der FGM oder MGM auf Gesundheit, Sexualität oder Partnerschaft abzuschätzen. Unabhängig davon kann auch eine Infektion nach einem Skalpellschnitt oder Nadelstich, kann auch die sogenannte milde Sunna zu schweren Komplikationen bis hin zum Tod führen. Deshalb: Keine Beschneidung unter achtzehn.[4]

Überall auf der Welt muss die Mädchenbeschneidung verboten werden und illegal bleiben und muss ein Zuwiderhandeln geahndet und bestraft werden, auch im amerikanischen Land der begrenzten Unmöglichkeiten.

In den Vereinigten Staaten haben sich im Vorjahr (2016) Dr. Kavita Shah Arora, beruflich tätig im Fachbereich Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe am MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio, und Dr. Allan Joel Jacobs, Professor für Fortpflanzungsmedizin an der Stony Brook Universität, im US-Bundesstaat New York, engagiert für das klitze- klitze-, klitzekleine Beschneiden des Geschlechtsorgans US-amerikanischer Mädchen ins Zeug gelegt (Female genital alteration: a compromise solution). Sie empfehlen eine Sichtweise und einen neuen Begriff: Statt, wie es die WHO-Klassifikation festlegt, rituelle weibliche Genitalbeschneidungen, auch die geringer invasiven, ausnahmslos als Verstümmelung (female genital mutilation, FGM) zu bezeichnen, sollen wir von Umgestaltung oder Veränderung sprechen, englisch alteration (female genital alteration, FGA).

Nicht die kinderfeindliche Praxis verbieten, sondern das störende Vokabular erneuern: Vom Verstümmeln zum Verändern. De minimis („um Kleinigkeiten“) behandelt das Rechtsprinzip, Bagatellen nicht den Tatbestand einer Norm erfüllen zu lassen, damit keiner gegen sie klagen kann. Leitsätze sind De minimis non curat lex („Das Recht kümmert sich nicht um Kleinigkeiten“) und De minimis non curat praetor („Der Strafrichter kümmert sich nicht um Kleinigkeiten“). Uns in Deutschland erinnert das an gewisse „rein symbolische Bagatellverletzungen“, die der Trierer Strafrechtsprofessor Prof. Dr. Mark Alexander Zöller offensichtlich straffrei gestellt wissen will (Die Strafbarkeit der Genitalverstümmelung als Gesetzessymbolik? In: Festschrift für Bernd Schünemann zum 70. Geburtstag am 1. November 2014; Mitherhausgeberin: Tatjana Hörnle).

„Zudem ist mit Blick auf die Wortwahl des Gesetzgebers erkennbar, dass es sich um negative Veränderungen von einigem Gewicht handeln muss. Damit scheiden rein symbolische Bagatellverletzungen, kosmetisch motivierte Eingriffe wie „Schönheitsoperationen“ im Genitalbereich oder dem Modebewusstsein entspringende Intimpiercings aus dem objektiven Tatbestand des § 226a StGB aus.″ (Mark A. Zöller, Seite 733)

Den beiden amerikanischen Legalisierern der Sunna-Mädchenbeschneidung Dr. Kavita Shah Arora und Dr. Allan Jacobs gehe es nicht etwa darum, am kindlichen Genital für eine religiös gebotene bzw. kulturadäquate klitzekleine Verstümmelung (genital mutilation, FGM) zu sorgen. Vielmehr soll eine elterlich gewünschte De-minimis-Veränderung (genital alteration, FGA) am Geschlechtsorgan des weiblichen Kindes möglich sein. Gravierende Formen von FGM pardon FGA, so legt es der Aufsatz (Female genital alteration: a compromise solution) nahe, solle der Rechtsstaat nach wie vor verhindern. Als Gesetzgeber, Arzt oder überhaupt als US-Bürger müsse man hingegen Verständnis dafür haben, dass „kulturelle und religiöse Verpflichtungen“ (cultural and religious obligations) nun einmal zu erfüllen seien.

Um den kulturellen Überzeugungen gerecht zu werden und gleichzeitig die körperliche Gesundheit der Mädchen zu schützen, schlagen wir eine Kompromisslösung vor, in der liberale Staaten diese De-minimis-FGA, in Anerkennung der Erfüllung kultureller und religiöser Verpflichtungen, rechtlich zulassen, hingegen jene Formen der FGA ächten, die gefährlich sind, weil sie signifikante sexuelle oder reproduktive Dysfunktionen verursachen. […]

liberale Regierungen sollten diese De-minimis-Verfahren ermöglichen, die schließlich nicht mehr Auswirkungen haben als andere kulturell akzeptierte Verfahren, wie sie bei Minderjährigen als ästhetische Verbesserung durchgeführt werden. Schließlich werden wir argumentieren, dass die Etikettierung dieser De-minimis-Verfahren als „Verstümmelung“ kulturell unsensibel ist, diskriminierend für die Frauen und dass sie keine Menschenrechtsverletzung darstellen. Dazu bieten wir eine abgestufte Argumentation und eine Kompromisslösung an […]

viele muslimische Gelehrte klassifizieren FGA als „Sunna“ oder Praxis, wie sie vom Propheten Muhammad begründet wurde. […]

wir alle müssen endlich eine nuanciertere Position einnehmen […]

Die [in den mädchenbeschneidenden Milieus] hier und da vorzufindende Kultur des Schweigens ist zurückzuführen auf ein Misstrauen gegenüber den globalen Anti-FGA-Kampagnen, die als „sensationsgierig, ethnozentrisch, rassistisch, kulturell unsensibel und unzulässig vereinfachend“ wahrgenommen werden.[5]

Michigan 2017, offensichtlich erstmals in der Geschichte der USA befasst sich der Strafprozess um die hauptberufliche Notärztin und klandestine Ritualbeschneiderin Dr. Jumana F. Nagarwala (United States of America v. JUMANA NAGARWALA) mit dem bestehenden Verbot der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung 18 USC 116 (female genital mutilation).[6]

Mindestens schafiitisch (Fiqh nach Imam asch-Schafii), möglicherweise auch hanbalitisch schreibt der sunnitische Islam die weibliche Genitalverstümmelung als zwingende religiöse Pflicht vor (wāǧib (واجب), wadschib, anglisiert wajib; Synonym: farḍ (فرض), zu: farīḍa, Religionspflicht).[7] Die islamische Mädchenbeschneidung heißt Chitan al-inath, ḫitān al-ināṯ (ختان الإناث) oder Chatna (ختنة) ḫatna, indonesisch und malaiisch: sunat perempuan bzw. sunat pada wanita, ferner sagt man ḫifāḍ bzw. ḫafḍ, wörtl. Einsenken oder Herabtiefen, oder auch: ḫitān al-banāt, wörtlich Beschneidung der Töchter oder der Mädchen ((البنات), Tochter ist bint (بنت). Doch gibt Islamic FGM auch bei manchen Schiiten, beispielsweise bei der eher kleinen Strömung der siebener-schiitischen Dawudi Bohra (anglis. Dawoodi Bohra), das sind etwa eine Million Menschen hauptsächlich in der westlichen indischen Provinz Gujarat und der pakistanischen Stadt Karatschi, ferner in Nairobi und Mombasa, Kenia, auf Bali in Indonesien sowie in Australien und den USA.[8] Zum Vergleich: in Indonesien leben 260 Millionen Menschen, davon 225 Millionen überwiegend vom Fiqh nach Imam asch-Schafii geprägte Muslime. Auch die Kurden, soweit sunnitisch, folgen der schafiitischen Madhhab und entsprechend kennt Kurdistan die islamisch begründete weibliche Genitalverstümmelung. Und während nur die Schafiiten gleichsam zwischen Jungen und Mädchen nicht unterscheiden und männliche wie weibliche Beschneidung zur religiösen Pflicht erklären,[9] so befürworten alle vier sunnitischen Rechtsschulen die Beschneidung von Frauen; den Malikiten gilt die FGM als Prophetentradition (Sunna) und damit als empfehlenswert, für die Hanafiten wie auch für manche Hanbaliten ist sie edel, ehrenwert (makruma; honourable action, meritorious, noble deed).[10]

Die 44-jährige Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, eine US-amerikanische Muslima und Angehörige der schiitischen Strömung der Dawudi Bohra, arbeitet als Notärztin am Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Bundesstaat Michigan, USA. Nicht an ihrem Arbeitsplatz, sondern an einer Klinik im benachbarten Livonia (Michigan), so der strafrechtliche Vorwurf, soll sie die Geschlechtsorgane zweier etwa sieben Jahre alter Mädchen aus rituellen Gründen verletzt haben. Was genau im Februar dieses Jahres die Medizinerin aus Northville, Michigan, den beiden Siebenjährigen aus dem US-Staat Minnesota am Geschlechtsteil eingestochen, eingeschnitten oder abgeschnitten hat, ist Gegenstand der Ermittlungen, es könnte sich unter anderem auch um eine FGM Typ II handeln,[11] das bedeutet Schamlippen(teil)amputation, sowie eine Verletzung der Klitorisvorhaut. Bei Inzision (Einscheiden) der Klitorisvorhaut wäre das eine FGM Typ IV, bei Amputation von Gewebe eine FGM Typ Ia. Einige Beschneider, auch Beschneiderinnen, sollen in der Lage sein, derartig geschickt und damit ohne spätere Narbenbildung zu arbeiten, dass man die FGM Typ Ib Amputation oder Teilamputation der Klitoris nicht auf den ersten Blick erkennen kann.[12]

Man mache sich nichts vor, die FGM, auch die islamische, zielt nicht auf irgendein relativ wenig beschädigendes Pieksen oder Hauteinritzen, sondern ist der Angriff auf das Zentrum der sexuellen Lust, die Klitoris, arabisch baẓr (بظر). Man falle daher nicht auf den Nebelwurf der globalen Bewegung für immer mehr Schariagesetze herein, die sich auf den amerikanischen Sufischeich Nuh Ha Mim Keller beruft. In seiner kommentierten Übersetzung des Hauptwerks des schafiitischen Rechts (Reliance of the Traveller) gab Keller baẓr falsch wieder mit Klitorisvorhaut: „nicht die Klitoris, wie gelegentlich fälschlich angenommen wird“ (not the clitoris itself, as some mistakenly assert). Nach Keller also ziele Allahs Rede (Koran) und Mohammeds Befehl (Sunna) lediglich auf die (Teil)Ampution der Klitorisvorhaut und lasse die Klitoris in jedem Fall unangetastet. Der einen Beschneidungsbefehl (FGM) von Imam asch-Schafii (schafiitischer Fiqh) und Imam ibn Hanbal (hanbalitisch) begeistert weiterreichende sowie die gesundheitlichen Vorteile und die himmlische Weisheit der Mädchenbeschneidung nach FGM Typ Ib bewerbende Assif Hussein (Female Circumcision – The Hidden Truth) behauptet ebenfalls, dass die Scharia den unbedingten Schutz der Kitzlers gewährleisten.[13] Die Scheiche und Muftis denken gar nicht daran, eine FGM Typ Ib als Verstoß gegen die Scharia zu definieren. Eine Ausnahme ist der hanafitische Scheich Faraz Rabbani, ein Schüler von Nuh Ha Mm Keller.[14]

Die autoritativen islamischen Texte geben das Wort Klitorisvorhaut nicht her, baẓr ist und bleibt die Klitoris. Bis heute hat uns der amerikanische Sufischeich und Übersetzer des schafiitischen Rechtskompendiums Das Vertrauen des Reisenden und Rüstzeug des Anbetenden, Autor Shihabuddin Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn an-Naqib al-Misri (1302–1367; ʿUmdat as-Sālik wa ʿUddat al-Nāsik, engl.: Reliance of the Traveller and Tools of the Worshipper) kein arabisches Wort für Klitorisvorhaut nennen können.

Die Herrschaften Nagarwala (2017), Arora und Jacobs (2016), Hörnle (Herbst 2014) sowie Ringel und Meyer (Frühjahr 2014) wissen nicht oder verschweigen, dass es auch islamrechtlich nicht beim Wegschneiden der Klitorisvorhaut bleiben wird, sondern dass, wie schon in vorislamischer Zeit, selbstverständlich das weibliche Zentrum der Lust amputiert oder teilamputiert werden kann, die arabisch baẓr (Mehrzahl buẓūr) zu nennende Klitoris. Eines Tages begegnete Mohammed der zum Islam konvertierten muqaṭṭiʿatu l-buẓūr (amputatrice di clitoridi, coupeuse de clitoris, cutter of clitorises), der Frauenbeschneiderin Umm ʿAṭiyya. Die Gottgehorsame befragte den Propheten nach der religiösen Rechtmäßigkeit ihrer täglichen Arbeit und Allahs Sprecher stellte fest:

أشمِّي ولا تنهَكي

ašimmī wa-lā tanhakī

[Cut] slightly and do not overdo it

[Schneide] leicht und übertreibe nicht

Oder Mohammed verkündete den Willen des Himmels so:

اختفضن ولا تنهكن

iḫtafiḍna wa-lā tanhikna

Cut [slightly] without exaggeration

Schneide [leicht] und ohne Übertreibung

Seither ist das dem kleinen Mädchen zu amputierende Quantum und Volumen an Genitalgewebe, vielfältig und flexibel, als Viertel eines Reiskorns, als Guavensamen, Bohne, Blattspitze, Nadelkopf (the size of a nail clipping, a quarter-grain of rice, a guava seed, a bean, the tip of a leaf, or the head of a needle) definiert worden oder als Hahnenkamm (the crest of a rooster), wobei überirdisch verschwommen bleibt, ob die sogenannte Bohne oder dergleichen jetzt aus der Schamlippe, aus der Klitorisvorhaut oder aber aus der Klitoris herausgeschnitten werden muss und schon eher gesichert ist, dass jede somalische, kurdische oder indonesische Beschneiderin von Zeit zu Zeit sehr üppige Bohnen sowie ausgesprochen fleischige Hahnenkämme zwischen ihren Fingerspitzen dreht.

Fassen wir die bisherigen Ereignisse aus Detroit bzw. Livonia zusammen: Ob Dr. Jumana F. Nagarwala, die Notärztin und Muslima aus der schiitischen (Tayyibi-Ismailiten) Strömung der Dawudi Bohra, eine islamische weibliche Beschneidung sprich weibliche Genitalverstümmelung (Chatna, Chitan al-inath, in Indonesien und Malaysia: sunat perempuan, sunat pada wanita) FGM Typ IV (Einstechen oder Einschneiden usw.) oder FGM Typ Ia (Klitorisvorhaut(teil)amputation) oder eine Genitalverstümmelung aus dem Bereich FGM Typ II (Schamlippen(teil)amputation) durchgeführt hat, wird ermittelt.

Werden wir nun grundsätzlicher. Ob der junge Mensch weiblich ist oder männlich: Erst der Erwachsene, der Mensch ab 18 Jahre, kann die Folgen einer rituellen Genitaloperation abschätzen. Minderjährige, 17 Jahre alt und jünger, sind deshalb vor jeder HGM, das ist FGM oder MGM, zu bewahren.

Schluss mit dem Verhandeln um die rechte Altersgrenze des Einwilligens (age of consent), Schluss mit dem Gerede von der genitalen Selbstbestimmung des Kindes oder Jugendlichen. Ob Mädchen oder Junge: keine Beschneidung unter achtzehn!

Drei Themenkreise überlagern, verzahnen sich. Ob wir über religiöse Genitalbeschneidungen, über Päderastie oder über das Ehe- bzw. Personenstandsrecht reden bzw. diesbezüglich Gesetze schaffen, „genital autonomy“ ist auf das Engste verbunden mit dem – sehr islamischen – Anspruch beispielsweise auf Verheiratung des neunjährigen Mädchens.[15]

Deshalb sollten sich Intaktivisten und andere Kinderschützer zur Altersgrenze 18 Jahre bekennen, unterhalb von der es 1. keine Einvernehmlichkeit sexueller Handlungen mit Erwachsenen, 2. keine Ehemündigkeit und 3., ob als Mädchen oder Junge, keinen eigenen Beschneidungswunsch geben darf; die entsprechenden Gesetze sind auf den Weg zu bringen.

Denn ernsthaft gemeinter Intaktivismus, bittesehr, der Name sagt es doch, bedeutet: Unversehrtheit des Körpers, insbesondere des Geschlechtsorgans, und integriert in keiner Weise das rituelle Genitalverstümmeln, weder auf Elternwunsch noch auf Kindeswunsch.

Gabi Schmidt und Edward von Roy

Q u e l l e n

[1] Zu Prof. Karl-Peter Ringel mit Ass. Jur. Kathrin Meyer (§ 226a StGB – Sonderstraftatbestand der Frauenbeschneidung & verfassungswidrige Ungleichbehandlung (2014))

Zwei Wegbereiter deutscher Mädchenbescheidung | Von Edward von Roy

https://schariagegner.wordpress.com/2014/09/14/prof-dr-ringel-empfiehlt-dem-gesetzgeber-die-fgm-typ-ia-und-iv-milde-sunna/

[2] Zur Gutachterin auf dem 70. djt Prof. Dr. Tatjana Hörnle (Verhandlungen des 70. Deutschen Juristentages Hannover 2014 Bd. I: Gutachten Teil C: Kultur, Religion, Strafrecht – Neue Herausforderungen in einer pluralistischen Gesellschaft)

Entgegnung auf die Richtigstellung der Tatjana Hörnle | Von Edward von Roy und Gabi Schmidt am 16.09.2014.

https://schariagegner.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/kommentar-zu-tatjana-hoernles-richtigstellung-zum-artikel-im-berliner-kurier/

[3] WHO-Klassifikation zur weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung (FGM)

Female genital mutilation : a joint WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA statement

Les Mutilations sexuelles féminines : déclaration commune OMS/UNICEF/FNUAP

http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/41903/1/9241561866.pdf

WHO | Eliminating female genital mutilation

Eliminating female genital mutilation: an interagency statement – OHCHR, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNECA, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNIFEM, WHO.

http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/43839/1/9789241596442_eng.pdf

Mehr als 200 Millionen von FGM betroffene Mädchen und Frauen. Die endlich nach oben korrigierten Zahlen nach Einbeziehung von Indonesien (schafiitische Rechtsschule des sunnitischen Islam).

200 million girls and women living with FGM: UNICEF | Daily Mail Online 05.02.2016

The new global figure on FGM includes nearly 70 million more girls and women than the last estimate for 2014, largely due to new data provided by Indonesia and population growth in some countries.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-3432762/200-million-girls-women-living-FGM-UNICEF.html

05.02.2016 – NEW YORK, 5 February 2016 – At least 200 million girls and women […]

https://www.unicef.org/media/media_90033.html

[4] Europa 25 Jahre nach dem First International Symposium on Circumcision. Genital Intactness statt Beschneidung auf Kinderwunsch

Vortragsskript von Edward von Roy

Köln 14. Februar 2014

https://schariagegner.wordpress.com/2014/02/14/keine-beschneidung-unter-achtzehn/

[5] Female genital alteration: a compromise solution

Kavita Shah Arora, Allan J Jacobs

To accommodate cultural beliefs while protecting the physical health of girls, we propose a compromise solution in which liberal states would legally permit de minimis FGA in recognition of its fulfilment of cultural and religious obligations, but would proscribe those forms of FGA that are dangerous or that produce significant sexual or reproductive dysfunction. […]

liberal governments should tolerate de minimis procedures with no more effect than other accepted procedures performed on minors for aesthetic enhancement. Finally, we will argue that labelling these de minimis procedures as ‘mutilation’ is culturally insensitive and discriminatory towards women, and that they do not constitute a human rights violation. In doing so, we offer a tiered argument and compromise solution […]

many Muslim scholars classify FGA as ‘Sunnah’ or practice established by the prophet Muhammad. […]

we must adopt a more nuanced position […]

his local culture of silence is due to a distrust of the global eradication campaigns as being ‘sensationalized, ethnocentric, racist, culturally insensitive and simplistic’.

http://jme.bmj.com/content/42/3/148

Arora und Jacobs Ruth bedanken sich für Unterstützung durch Ruth Macklin und Arianne Shahvisi:

Particularly, we wish to acknowledge Professor Macklin’s view that sanctioning de minimis FGA would constitute a harm reduction strategy that cannot reasonably be considered a human rights violation. We also recognise that Professor Shahvisi’s hypothesis of a ritual vulvar nick in a clean environment and performed by a trained provider as ethically appropriate indeed is within the scope of our category 1 procedures.

Harm reduction and female genital alteration: a response to the commentaries. By Kavita Shah Arora, Allan Joel Jacobs.

http://jme.bmj.com/content/42/3/164

Cutting slack and cutting corners: an ethical and pragmatic response to Arora and Jacobs’ ‘Female genital alteration: a compromise solution’

Sanctioning a form of FGA that seeks to minimise if not eliminate harm to infants, adolescents and adult women, and at the same time show respect for cultural traditions appears to make good sense. In arguing for a de minimis procedure, the authors contend that any harm would be equivalent to that of male circumcision, a practice that is permitted by countries that have made FGA illegal. They are correct in saying that in a de minimis form, FGA could not reasonably be considered a human rights violation.

Not all cultural traditions deserve respect | By: Ruth Macklin

http://jme.bmj.com/content/42/3/155

Cutting slack and cutting corners: an ethical and pragmatic response to Arora and Jacobs’ ‘Female genital alteration: a compromise solution’ | By: Arianne Shahvisi

http://jme.bmj.com/content/early/2016/02/19/medethics-2015-103206?sid=da36f4ac-a294-400f-9088-a450e78ca416&utm_source=TrendMD&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=J_Med_Ethics_TrendMD-0

Beim Reden über das Einwilligen (consent) sollte die an der Brighton & Sussex Medical School zu den Themen Bioethik, Theorie des Feminismus und FGM forschende kurdischstämmige Britin Dr. Arianne Shahvisi das Mindestalter 18 Jahre fordern, um das Genital des weiblichen oder männlichen Minderjährigen kompromisslos vor jeder rituellen Operation zu schützen.

According to Arianne Shahvisi of the University of Sussex ethics department in Britain: „One must not cause irreversible changes to the body of another person without their consent.“

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-3459336/Doctors-urge-compromise-female-genital-cutting.html

„Rites of passage are important to all of us, but one must not cause irreversible changes to the body of another person without their consent.“

(Dr Arianne Shahvisi, at the University of Sussex.)

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3459178/FGM-akin-male-circumcision-breast-implants-designer-vagina-ops-Gynecologists-argue-genital-nicks-don-t-harm-girls-legalized.html

Kavita Shah Arora and Allan J Jacobs in their paper have compared FGM, which is considered a violation of child rights by UNICEF, with male circumcision. Jacobs is the director of gynecologic oncology at Coney Island Hospital and teaches bioethics at Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York. Arora is an assistant professor of reproductive biology and bioethics at Case Western Reserve University.

“In liberal societies that accept male circumcision, room for discussion surrounding the acceptability of FGA exists,” the paper, published in the Journal of Medical Ethics by British Medical Journal, says.

The authors say that a small surgical nick or a minimalistic procedure that alters the appearance of a girl’s genitalia should be allowed as a compromise to the issue of FGM.

Less severe forms of genital alteration should be tolerated, say American doctors | By: Priyanka Vora | Hindustan Times 24.02.2016

http://www.hindustantimes.com/mumbai/less-severe-forms-of-genital-alteration-should-be-tolerated-say-american-doctors/story-emb8VSj0CrFelAufo8IEvI.html

[6] Michigan 2017, Strafprozess: United States of America v. JUMANA NAGARWALA, zum bestehenden US-amerikanischen Verbot der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung gemäß 18 USC § 116 (female genital mutilation).

Detroit Emergency Room Doctor Arrested and Charged with Performing Female Genital Mutilation

https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/detroit-emergency-room-doctor-arrested-and-charged-performing-female-genital-mutilation

Criminal Complaint

https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/957381/download

Detroit — A Detroit emergency room physician was charged Wednesday with mutilating the genitalia of two 7-year-old girls in what is believed to be the first case of its kind brought under federal law.

Jumana Nagarwala of Northville was charged with female genital mutilation […]

Detroit physician charged with mutilating girls’ genitalia | By Robert Snell | The Detroit News 13./14.04.2017

http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/04/13/doctor-charged-genital-mutilation/100416734/

Michigan Doctor Is Accused of Genital Cutting of 2 Girls | By Jacey Fortinapril | The New York Times 13.04.2017

[…] Dr. Nagarwala, who practices emergency medicine at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit […] The World Health Organization estimates that worldwide, more than 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of genital cutting. […]

[ 200 Millionen wurde die – endlich korrekte – Zahl mit Berücksichtigung der FGM in Indonesien und Malaysia, nämlich unter Einbeziehung der schafiitischen, der sunnitisch-islamischen Chitan al-inath / sunat perempuan (FGM). ]

A Detroit doctor accused of performing genital mutilations on two seven-year-old Minnesota girls has been charged.

Cops say Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, 44, was identified by the two girls as the person who performed the barbaric procedures on them at a suburban clinic in February.

Their mothers took them to Nagarwala for the procedures, the FBI said. […]

FBI agents have also identified other children who may have suffered at the doctor’s hands between 2005 and 2007.

The accused remains in jail awaiting a hearing Monday.

Meanwhile, Muslim leaders in Minneapolis are outraged over a man patrolling a Somali neighbourhood enforcing the Islamic civil code.

Abdullah Rashid has been telling residents not to drink, use drugs or interact with the opposite sex, according to his interpretation of Sharia law, the Star Tribune reported Thursday.

Detroit doc allegedly mutilated girls‘ genitals | By Brad Hunter | Toronto Sun 13.04.2017

http://www.torontosun.com/2017/04/13/detroit-doc-allegedly-mutilated-girls-genitals

Der FGM-Fall mit Ritualbeschneiderin Nagarwala: mindestens auch eine FGM Typ II

[…] Jumana Nagarwala, 44, was also charged with „transportation with intent to engage in criminal sexual activity“ — a reference to FGM — and making false statements to a federal officer.

The criminal complaint says federal agents documented that two girls were transported by two women across state lines to a medical clinic in Livonia, Mich. Documents show Nagarwala is not employed at this clinic nor is there any record of her billings there.

The children were told it was a „’special‘ girls trip,“ according to court documents. The first victim told federal agents that she underwent a procedure „to get the germs out“ of her, and she identified Nagarwala in a photograph as the doctor who performed the operation. A medical examination performed under a search warrant found that her „labia minora has been altered or removed, and her clitoral hood is also abnormal in appearance.“ […]

The New York Times reports that she has been placed on administrative leave from Detroit’s Henry Ford Hospital, according to David Olejarz, a spokesman for the Henry Ford Health System.

Michigan Doctor Charged With Performing Female Genital Mutilation On Girls | By Merrit Kennedy | The Two-Way (NPR, ehemals National Public Radio) 14.04.2017

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/14/523917425/michigan-doctor-charged-with-performing-female-genital-mutilation-on-girls

Livonia doctor charged with female genital mutilation of children

http://www.fox2detroit.com/news/local-news/248511465-story

Nagarwala, a U.S. citizen who also speaks Gujarati, a language spoken in western India

https://scallywagandvagabond.com/2017/04/dr-jumana-nagarwala-charged-female-genital-mutilation-young-girls/

Gujarati Muslims

Many of these early merchants were Ismaili Shia, both Mustaali and Nizari. They laid the foundation of the Bohra and Khoja communities.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gujarati_Muslims

Dr Nagarwala, who belongs to the Dawoodi Bohra community,

https://scroll.in/latest/834623/us-doctor-of-indian-origin-arrested-for-allegedly-performing-female-genital-cutting-on-minors

[7] Genitalverstümmelung an Frauen ist auch im größten muslimischen Staat der Erde eine Alltäglichkeit. Zur islamischen FGM Indonesiens. Von Jacques Auvergne (2007).

https://schariagegner.wordpress.com/2008/01/20/indonesien-genitalverstuemmelung-an-muslimischen-maedchen/

Die Al-Azhar und das weibliche Genital. Von Jacques Auvergne (2009).

[…] Den Bürgern Europas gegenüber streiten muslimische Geistliche und streiten vor allem nichtmuslimische xenophile Islamfreunde gerne ab, dass FGM (female genital mutilation, Frauenbeschneidung) irgend etwas mit dem Islam zu tun habe. Auszüge aus einer Fernsehdebatte zum Thema der weiblichen Beschneidung in Ägypten.

Ausgestrahlt wurde das Interview über den kuwaitischen Fernsehsender Al-Rai TV am 28. März 2006. Quelle MEMRI-TV, deutsch von Jacques Auvergne, 9. Juni 2008, es unterhalten sich Dr. Muhammad Wahdan, Dozent an der Kairoer Al-Azhar-„Universität“ und die Dozentin für Islamisches Religiöses Recht Dr. Malika Zarrar.

Zarrar ist grundsätzliche Gegnerin jeder Form von Frauenbeschneidung. Der Islam-Experte von der so genannten Universität Al-Azhar, die immerhin als die höchste Autorität des sunnitischen Islam gilt, hat eine „differenziertere“ Meinung: Wahdan will die FGM, Wahdan will die Teilamputation der Klitoris für alle Mädchen, die sie benötigen, nicht aber für die, die sie nicht benötigen.

https://schariagegner.wordpress.com/2008/06/09/islam-und-fgm/

Kein Islam ohne FGM. Von Jacques Auvergne (2016).

[…] In diesen Wochen plant Ägypten eine Strafverschärfung in Bezug auf diesen Chitan al-inath (ḫitān al-ināṯ, ختان الإناث; auch: ḫitān al-banāt, wörtl. Beschneidung der Töchter; Tochter ist bint), in Bezug auf die weibliche Genitalverstümmelung. Der Staat würde die FGM dann, statt lediglich als Vergehen, als ein Verbrechen bewerten. Soweit so vernünftig. Nebenbei: Beschneidung, v. a. Jungenbeschneidung, ist chitan, ḫitān (ختان)‎‎, oder chatna, ḫatna (ختنة)‎‎, die Intaktheit des männlichen Genitals ist nicht weniger zu schützen als die weibliche. Wir meinen den wissenschaftlichen Begriff von körperlicher Unversehrtheit, aus islamischer Sicht freilich macht erst der Chitan das Geschlechtsorgan intakt. Ohne MGM bzw. FGM kein Kindeswohl, das ist die Maßgabe von Schöpfungsordnung (Scharia) und islamischer Normativität bzw. Gesetzlichkeit (auch Scharia).

Dann im Parlament der kleine Eklat. Der ägyptische Abgeordnete und Arzt Dr. Ahmad al-Tahawi (أحمد الطحاوى) ist Mitglied im parlamentarischen Gesundheitsausschuss. Sich auf seine ärztliche Qualifikation berufend, nennt al-Tahawi die Mädchenbeschneidung, und sei es für seine eigenen Töchter, islamisch geboten und medizinisch erforderlich („religiös und medizinisch“,دينياً و طبياً). Unfair, unbillig, ungerecht zu handeln sprich zuviel Genitalgewebe wegzuschneiden sei gewiss falsch, das Mädchen unbeschnitten zu lassen sei aber auch falsch. Aber ja doch, wo es gelte, sich zwischen Religion und Wissenschaft zu entscheiden, bevorzuge man den Glauben: „Wir folgen den Männern der Religion.“

https://schariagegner.wordpress.com/2016/07/30/das-maerchen-vom-verbot-der-fgm/

[8] Dawoodi Bohra (داؤدی بوہرہ)

The main language of the community is „Lisan ud-Dawat“, a dialect of Gujarati with inclusions from Arabic, Urdu and other languages.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawoodi_Bohra

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawudi_Bohras

FGM bei den Dawudi Bohra

Female circumcision anger aired in India | The community’s insistence on “Khatna” (the excision of the clitoris) also sets it apart from others on the subcontinent | AFP 23.04.2012

https://www.dawn.com/news/712748/female-circumcision-anger-aired-in-india-fm

Australia’s first female genital mutilation trial: how a bright young girl convinced a jury | By Bridie Jabour | The Guardian 13.11.2015

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/nov/13/female-genital-mutilation-trial-young-girl-convinced-jury-australia

Three sentenced to 15 months in landmark female genital mutilation trial | By Michael Safi | The Guardian 18.03.2016

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/mar/18/three-sentenced-to-15-months-in-landmark-female-genital-mutilation-trial

[9] „Circumcision is obligatory upon men and women according to us.“ (Die Beschneidung bei Männern und Frauen ist unserer Auffassung nach verbindlich vorgeschrieben.)

http://www.ezw-berlin.de/html/15_2592.php

Circumcision is obligatory upon men and women according to us (i.e. the Shafi’is). (Majmu’ of Imam An-Nawawi 1:164) The circumcision is wajib upon men and women according to the rājih qawl of Shāfiʿī madhhab. […]

Answered by: Sidi Abdullah Muḥammad al-Marbūqī al-Shāfiʿī

Checked by: Al-Ustāż Fauzi ibn Abd Rahman

[ Shafii Fiqh – siehe aber: „Rulings from your site regarding female circumcision appear to have been taken down.“ ]

http://www.shafiifiqh.com/what-is-the-ruling-on-circumcision-for-women/

The official position of the Shafi’i School is that it is obligatory for a woman. […]

Answered by: Shaykh Yaqub Abdurrahman

http://www.shafiifiqh.com/question-details.aspx?qstID=173

[10] Islam Question and Answer, General Supervisor: Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid. Fatwa.

60314: Circumcision of girls and some doctors’ criticism thereof

[…] Circumcision is one of the Sunnahs of the fitrah, and it is for both males and females, except that is it obligatory for males and Sunnah and good in the case of women. End quote […]

In the fatwa of Shaykh ‘Atiyah Saqar – the former heard of the Fatwa Committee in al-Azhar – it says:

The calls which urge the banning of female circumcision are call that go against Islam, because there is no clear text in the Qur’an or Sunna and there is no opinion of the fuqaha’ that says that female circumcision is haraam. Female circumcision is either obligatory or recommended. […]

https://islamqa.info/en/60314

45528: Medical benefits of female circumcision

https://islamqa.info/en/45528

The official position of the Shafi’i School is that it is obligatory for a woman. There is also a weaker opinion that Imam Nawawi [an-Nawawī, 1233 bis 1277] relates in Rauda [Kitāb ar-Rauḍa] 10/180 that it is recommended. This is the opinion maintained by other scholars who considered that it is recommended or simply a noble deed, like Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Malik.

by: Shaykh Yaqub Abdurrahman

http://www.shafiifiqh.com/question-details.aspx?qstID=173

To mutilate in the name of Jehovah or Allah: legitimization of male and female circumcision.

Sami A. ALDEEB ABU-SAHLIEH. Med Law. 1994;13(7-8):575-622, July 1994.

Female circumcison is practised in Sudan, Somalia, Egypt and a few other Arab and Muslim countries. It has triggered a passionate public debate in the West. This debate has found somewhat of an echo in the Arab and Muslim world, but some Muslim religious circles such as Al-Azhar (Egypt), the most important Islamic centre in the world, try to justify it on the basis of sunna (that is, to conform with the tradition of the prophet Mohammed).

http://www.cirp.org/library/cultural/aldeeb1/

No distinction between male and female circumcision

Sami A. ALDEEB ABU-SAHLIEH. Med Ethics. 1995 Oct;21(5):311.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1376781/

(Fatwa)

Islam Question and Answer

General Supervisor: Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid

45528: Medical benefits of female circumcision

(Question)

Could you explain me what is the medical benefit of girl’s circumcision?

(Answer)

[…] Female circumcision has not been prescribed for no reason, rather there is wisdom behind it and it brings many benefits.

Mentioning some of these benefits, Dr. Haamid al-Ghawaabi says:

The secretions of the labia minora accumulate in uncircumcised women and turn rancid, so they develop an unpleasant odour which may lead to infections of the vagina or urethra. I have seen many cases of sickness caused by the lack of circumcision.

Circumcision reduces excessive sensitivity of the clitoris which may cause it to increase in size to 3 centimeters when aroused, which is very annoying to the husband, especially at the time of intercourse.

Another benefit of circumcision is that it prevents stimulation of the clitoris which makes it grow large in such a manner that it causes pain.

Circumcision prevents spasms of the clitoris which are a kind of inflammation.

Circumcision reduces excessive sexual desire.

[…]

The female gynaecologist Sitt al-Banaat Khaalid says in an article entitled Khitaan al-Banaat Ru’yah Sihhiyyah (Female circumcision from a health point of view):

For us in the Muslim world female circumcision is, above all else, obedience to Islam, which means acting in accordance with the fitrah and following the Sunnah which encourages it. We all know the dimensions of Islam, and that everything in it must be good in all aspects, including health aspects. If the benefits are not apparent now, they will become known in the future, as has happened with regard to male circumcision – the world now knows its benefits and it has become widespread among all nations despite the opposition of some groups.

Then she mentioned some of the health benefits of female circumcision and said:

It takes away excessive libido from women

It prevents unpleasant odours which result from foul secretions beneath the prepuce.

It reduces the incidence of urinary tract infections

It reduces the incidence of infections of the reproductive system.

In the book on Traditions that affect the health of women and children, which was published by the World Health Organization in 1979 it says:

With regard to the type of female circumcision which involves removal of the prepuce of the clitoris, which is similar to male circumcision, no harmful health effects have been noted.

And Allaah knows best.

https://islamqa.info/en/45528

I’m against the complete removal of the clitoris. I’m totally against this, because it is forbidden and does not please Allah.

Clip No. 1090 Egyptian Experts on Islamic Religious Law Debate Female Circumcision | MEMRI The Middle East Media Research Institute | 27.03.2006

https://www.memri.org/tv/egyptian-experts-islamic-religious-law-debate-female-circumcision/transcript

Clip No. 1090

Egyptian Experts on Islamic Religious Law Debate Female Circumcision

27.03.2006

Following are excerpts from a debate on female circumcision in Egypt. Al-Azhar University lecturer Dr. Muhammad Wahdan and lecturer on Islamic religious law Dr. Malika Zarrar participated in the debate, which aired on the Kuwaiti Al-Rai TV on March 28, 2006.

https://www.memri.org/tv/egyptian-experts-islamic-religious-law-debate-female-circumcision

The issue of female circumcision is very contentious. Note first that the above translation of the Manual of Shafi’i jurisprudence (fiqh) provided by Nuh Ha Mim Keller is not correct, since what the Arabic actually says is:

„Circumcision is obligatory (for every male and female) by cutting off the piece of skin on the glans of the penis of the male, but circumcision of the female is by cutting out the clitoris (this is called KhifaaD).“

http://answering-islam.org/Index/C/circumcision.html

[11] FGM-Fall und Ritualbeschneiderin Nagarwala: Offensichtlich mindestens auch eine FGM Typ II.

A medical examination performed under a search warrant found that her „labia minora has been altered or removed, and her clitoral hood is also abnormal in appearance.“

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/14/523917425/michigan-doctor-charged-with-performing-female-genital-mutilation-on-girls

According to court documents, when the girl arrived, her labia minora, the flaps on either side of the vaginal opening, was removed. Her clitoral hood was also damaged, according to the criminal complaint.

Michigan doctor accused of performing genital mutilation on young girls is denied bail | By Caroline Modarressy-Tehrani | VICE News 17.04.2017

https://news.vice.com/story/michigan-doctor-jumana-nagarwala-accused-of-performing-genital-mutilation-on-young-girls-denied-bail

[12] Islamisch-innovativ ist … FGM Typ I narbenfrei.

The injury had healed with no obvious scarring to either. The crown prosecutor later explained to the court this was because KM had perfected a technique that left no scarring.

Australia’s first female genital mutilation trial: how a bright young girl convinced a jury | By Bridie Jabour | The Guardian 13.11.2015

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/nov/13/female-genital-mutilation-trial-young-girl-convinced-jury-australia

Both girls were aged seven at the time of the FGM, which was classed as either type one or type four, involving the cutting or partial removal of their clitorises without leaving a scar.

By: Michael Safi | The Guardian 18.03.2016

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/mar/18/three-sentenced-to-15-months-in-landmark-female-genital-mutilation-trial

[13] Asiff Hussain

Female Circumcision – The Hidden Truth · How Misogynists and Feminists are feeding upon each other to denigrate an Islamic practice that brings untold benefits to women

http://asiffhussein.com/2015/04/02/female-circumcision-the-hidden-truth/

http://sailanmuslim.com/news/female-circumcision-the-hidden-truth-by-asiff-hussein/

Asiff Hussein […] serves as Head of Outreach of the Centre for Islamic Studies (CIS) […] He also served as Editor-in-Chief of Islamic Finance Today, a magazine exclusively dedicated to the promotion of ethical interest-free banking and finance from 2006-2016. He presently serves as Editor-in-Chief of Wahed Invest Islamic Finance Blog. […] He is an Alumnus of the International Visitor Leadership Programme organised by the US State Department, having participated in an IVLP Programme on Religion and Social Justice in America on a tour that covered Washington, Huntsville, Birmingham, Santa Fe and San Francisco from June 28th to July 16th 2010.

http://asiffhussein.com/about-asiff-hussein/

Asiff Hussain wurde in Südostasien bereits 2006 gelesen …

https://dkmfahutan.wordpress.com/2006/09/12/khitan-wanita/

… sowie 2015 in Sri Lanka.

http://www.anvermanatunga.net/english/female-circumcision-the-hidden-truth-by-asiff-hussein/

sunna circumcision involving minor cutting of the clitoris

http://www.religioustolerance.org/fem_cirm.htm

[14] Der hanafitische Scheich Faraz Rabbani ist Schüler u. a. von Nuh Ha Mim Keller.

Anyways, Shaykh Faraz is someone who has studied under Shaykh Nuh (I’m not sure if you’ve heard of Sunnipath??). This is an answer from Sunnipath.

https://muslihoon.wordpress.com/2006/08/18/a-startling-and-uncomfortable-discovery-in-islamic-shariah/

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani […] is a student of Shaykh Nuh Keller and teaches Hanafi fiqh and other subjects in Amman.

http://islamqa.org/hanafi/qibla-hanafi/42880

[15] The answer to your question may be found in the ahaadeeth of Sahih al-Bukhari and the commentary of al-Hafiz al-‘Asqallani, which are quoted below:

‘A’isha (…) said: „The Prophet (…) married me when I was six years old. Then we came to Madina and stayed in Bani al-Harith ibn Khazraj. I fell ill and my hair started to fall out (due to the illness; then it grew back thick again). My mother Umm Ruman came to me whilst I was on a swing and my friends were with me. She shouted for me and I came to her, not knowing what she wanted. She took me by the hand and led me to the door of the house. I was out of breath and we waited until I had calmed down, then she took some water and wiped my face and head, then took me inside. There were some women of the Ansar in the house, and they said: “ ‘Ala al-khayri wa’l-baraka wa ‘ala khayri ta’ir (blessings, best wishes, etc).“ My mother handed me over to them and they tidied me up, then suddenly the Messenger of Allah (…) was there. It was mid-morning, and they handed me over to him. At that time I was nine years old.“ (Reported by al-Bukhari, 3605).

‘Urwah said: „Khadija died three years before the Prophet (…) migrated to Madina. He stayed alone for two years or thereabouts, then he married ‘A’isha when she was six years old, and consummated the marriage when she was nine years old.“ (Reported by al-Bukhari, 3607)

The phrase „he married ‘A’isha“ means that the marriage contract was drawn up; the marriage was consummated later on, when she was nine.

Muslim reports from al-Zuhri, from ‘Urwah, that ‘A’isha said that she was taken to him when she was nine years old, and she took her toys with her.

https://islamqa.info/en/1493

(Muhammad and Aisha Revisited) An Examination of Muhammad’s Marriage to a Prepubescent Girl And Its Moral Implications | By Sam Shamoun | Answering Islam

http://www.answering-islam.org/Shamoun/prepubescent.htm

Nuray wirkt glücklich.

Die deutschen Besucher forderten die Eltern auf, ein eigens angefertigtes Schriftstück zu unterschreiben: „Wir haben verstanden, daß Nuray in Deutschland willkommen ist, wenn sie 14 Jahre alt ist“, heißt es darin. „Wir wurden darüber belehrt, daß sexuelle Kontakte zwischen dem 22jährigen Levent Metin und unserer zwölfjährigen Tochter nach deutschem Recht streng verboten sind und mit Gefängnis bestraft werden.“ Das gelte auch für sexuelle Kontakte in Griechenland, steht da. Dahinter hat jemand handschriftlich gekritzelt: „und überall auf der Welt“.

Überall auf der Welt, nur nicht in Thrakien, wo etwa ein Drittel der 338 000 Menschen Muslime sind. Der Mufti der Universitätsstadt Komotini, Meco Cemali [Μέτσο Τζεμαλί, Faziletli Gümülcine Müftüsü Hafız Cemali Meço Efendi], hat Nurays Hochzeit amtlich besiegelt. Er ist vom griechischen Staat bestellt, sein Amtsgebäude im Zentrum der Stadt ist zugleich Standesamt und Friedensgericht […]

Wenn jedoch ein Mädchen selbst die Heirat unbedingt wolle, nehme er es persönlich psychologisch und physisch in Augenschein und entscheide, ob es reif genug sei. Wenn ja, spräche das islamische Recht nicht gegen die Ehe. Der Mufti sagt: „Daß Zwölfjährige verheiratet werden, kommt nur alle drei oder vier Jahre vor.“

Das verheiratete Kind | Von Uta Keseling | WELT (Welt/N24) 25.02.2005

https://www.welt.de/print-welt/article495796/Das-verheiratete-Kind.html

[ Düsseldorf: Bereits im Jahre 2006 ] tauchte der erste Fall auf: Es ging um eine Elfjährige, die hier mit ihrem 22-jährigen Ehemann lebte. Das Paar meldete sich sogar mit Heiratsurkunde [ s.: Nikah ] an. Am Mitwoch sollte sich der Grieche Hassan N. (damals 20, heute 22) vor Gericht verantworten, weil er eine 12-Jährige geschwängert hatte. […]

An der griechischen Grenze zur Türkei werden Minderjährige (ein altes Gesetz [das islamische Familienrecht und überhaupt das Islamische Recht, die zeitlose Scharia] erlaubt dies) mit Zustimmung der Eltern verheiratet. Die Zwangsehen sind zwar selten. [vgl.: Genital Autonomy, oder: bei Keseling: „Es war Liebe“, sagt Nurays Mutter, und auch Nuray, die zwölfjährige Braut in Kopftuch und Blümchenrock, sagt: „Ja, es war Liebe“ und versucht, dabei nicht allzu stolz auszusehen.] Da sie aber Griechenland als EU-Mitglied absegnet, sind sie auch in Deutschland gültig.

„Ein Skandal“, nennt das voller Empörung Diana Goldermann-Wolf vom Kinderschutzbund. „Staatlich geförderter Kindesmissbrauch – so etwas darf es in Europa nicht geben und verstößt auch gegen die UN-Kinderrechts-Konvention.“

Düsseldorf – Unglaublicher Fall: Zwölfjährige bekam in Zwangsehe ein Baby | Von Barbara Kirchner | EXPRESS 11.06.2008

http://www.express.de/unglaublicher-fall-zwoelfjaehrige-bekam-in-zwangsehe-ein-baby-22167452

An den Petitionsausschuss des Deutschen Bundestages

20.08.2016

Eherecht Pet 4-18-07-4030-036062

Keine Heirat unter achtzehn – auch nicht auf Kinderwunsch

Text der Petition

Der Deutsche Bundestag möge beschließen:

1 Es sind ausnahmslos keine Ehen mehr anzuerkennen, bei denen ein Partner jünger als 16 Jahre ist, was auch für religiöse Eheschließungen gilt wie die islamische Imam-Nikah.

2 Im Ausland geschlossene Ehen, auch religiöse, können auf Antrag eines Partners oder des Jugendamtes aufgehoben werden.

3 Gesetzliche Absicherung einer Altersgrenze für Ehemündigkeit von 18 Jahren und Abschaffung der bisher gültigen deutschen Ausnahmegenehmigung einer Heirat bereits ab 16 Jahren.

4 Wiedereinführung der standesamtlichen Voraustrauung und Benennung der religiösen Voraustrauung, auch der Imam-Nikah, als Straftatbestand.

5 Verbot der Bewerbung der Imam-Nikah in der universitären Imamausbildung sowie Ausbildung der Lehrerinnen und Lehrer für den bekennenden Islamischen Religionsunterricht (IRU).

6 Verbot der Bewerbung der Imam-Nikah im öffentlichen Schulunterricht, auch im bekennenden Islamischen Religionsunterricht.

7 Resolution des Deutschen Bundestages: Aufforderung an die Hellenische Republik, seit 1981 Mitglied in der Europäischen Union, die seit 1920 (Vertrag von Sèvres) bzw. 1923 (Vertrag von Lausanne) implementierte Scharia aus dem Griechischen Recht zu entfernen, ein Ehe- und Familienrecht ohne religiös oder anderweitig begründete Rechtsspaltung einzuführen und ein Heiratsalter von 18 Jahren durchzusetzen.

Begründung

Islamisches Recht ist Scharia. […]

https://schariagegner.wordpress.com/2016/08/20/petition-gegen-kinderehen/

Advertisements

Schlagwörter: , , , , , , ,

48 Antworten to “468. Islamic FGM in Detroit, Michigan”

  1. Edward von Roy Says:

    “FGM is FGM is FGM.”

    My real concern is that Michigan and all the USA will soon legalise some “mild” forms of the Classification of FGM.

    Every form of FGM should be banned everywhere.
    .
    .

    Douglas Diekema (AAP) wollte ein bisschen FGM in den US-amerikanischen Medizinbetrieb integrieren.
    .

    […] Widespread discussion around the topic resurfaced in May of this year when the American Academy of Pediatrics Bioethics Committee reviewed a 1998 policy which banned any female circumcision. The committee recommended that the AAP approve what it called a “ritual nick,” arguing it’s on par with ear piercing and “much less extensive than routine newborn male genital cutting,” or circumcision.

    Douglas Diekema, chairman of the AAP’s Bioethics Committee at the time, has long believed that pediatricians should be able to perform a nick as an alternative to a more dangerous procedure performed in a nonmedical setting. […]

    While the World Health Organization defines four types, two forms of the practice are the most well-known.

    The mild form, which some refer to as a “clitoral nick,” or [ sunna ] “sunnah,” can consist of cutting, poking or removing part or all of either the clitoris or the clitoral hood. […]

    While some draw a definite distinction between female circumcision and Islam – defining the practice as a cultural one – several people said that the hadith, the traditional sayings and customs of the Prophet Muhammad, offers the nick as an option.

    Although female circumcision has been practiced among other religions, it’s most commonly associated with Islam.

    Many point to a line in the hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad says to a circumciser on the way to perform the procedure “do not overdo it, because it [the clitoris] is a good fortune for the spouse and a delight to her.” In this statement, some claim that the prophet is advocating the mild form of circumcision. Still others believe the prophet is condemning the tradition altogether. […]

    Female circumcision: A cut that divides communities | By: Tara Bannow (The Minnesota Daily) | 25.09.2010

    https://www.tcdailyplanet.net/female-circumcision-cut-divides-communities/

    ::

    [ AAP = American Academy of Pediatrics ]

    […] “What you really have is a disagreement about tactics,” said Dr. Douglas Diekema, a bioethics professor at the University of Washington in Seattle and a physician at Seattle Children’s Hospital, who chaired the AAP’s bioethics committee. “It’s very naïve to think that if you suddenly say [female circumcision] is wrong, people will stop doing it.” […]

    The committee [ AAP’s bioethics committee ] settled on calling the procedure “female genital cutting,” or FGC, and in the process of revising, rewording and rethinking its policy, it considered an approach for minimizing harm first proposed by doctors at Harborview Medical Center in Seattle. In the mid-1990s, some of them were attending pregnant women from Seattle’s Somali community. “If your baby is a boy, do you want him circumcised?” they would ask. Some of Somali mothers-to-be would reply, “Yes, and also if it’s a girl.”

    The Harborview doctors proposed that the hospital offer these mothers a “clitoral nick” for their daugthers — a needle prick, really — in the small hood of tissue that covers the clitoris. “We’re talking about something far less extensive than the removal of foreskin in a male,” a common procedure in the United States, said Dr. Diekema. Such a compromise, the doctors argued, would discourage parents from sending their girls back to their native countries for unregulated and unsanitary procedures.

    “They weren’t trying to propagate FGC,” said Dr. Diekema, who had heard the stories of female circumcision requests from his colleagues at Harborview. “If this nick could prevent harm for a few girls, they wanted to have it in their back pocket as an option.” But when news of the proposal broke, anti-circumcision groups and stunned citizens swiftly put an end to the discussion.

    When the AAP resurfaced the idea last month, the public reacted with similar outrage.

    “It came as a shock to the many, many people who have been working for decades to end FGM here and around the world,” said Taina Bien-Aime, the director of Equality Now, an anti-FGC group based in New York City. “There is no discussion for a human rights violation. You can’t violate just a little less; you can’t discriminate just a little less,” she said. “FGM is FGM is FGM.”

    Bien-Aime, like many anti-FGC advocates, argues that allowing even a mild form of circumcision supports the practice and makes it more difficult to eradicate. She pointed to WHO studies showing that parents unsatisfied with a circumcision will re-circumcise their daughters “over and over again until it’s ‘done properly.’” She added: “Would parents ask for a drop of blood or a teaspoon of blood?” […]

    Under Debate: Female Circumcision | By Ariel Bleicher | Scienceline 09.07.2010

    http://scienceline.org/2010/07/under-debate-female-circumcision/

    „Scienceline is a student-run online magazine published by the Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program (SHERP) in the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University.“

    http://scienceline.org/about

    ::
    ::

    FGM IM ISLAM

    Der Koran erwähnt weder die Beschneidung von Frauen noch diejenige von Männern. Die Sure 95, 4 lautet: „Wahrlich, Wir haben den Menschen in bester Form erschaffen.“ Einige Minderheiten im Islam rechtfertigen die Genitalbeschneidung unter Berufung auf einige wenige Hadithe. Hierbei handelt es sich allerdings oft um eine bestimmte Eingriffsform, die sogenannte „leichte Beschneidung“ (arabisch الخفاض القليل, DMG al-ḫifāḍ al-qalīl). Bei dieser Beschneidungsart findet nur ein leichtes Entfernen des äußerlich sichtbaren Teils der Klitorisvorhaut statt. Wenige andere Gelehrte rechtfertigten als chafd / خفض / ḫafḍ oder chifad / خفاض / ḫifāḍ allerdings auch die Teilamputation der Klitoris oder sogar die Klitoridektomie. Noch schädlichere Formen wie die Infibulation werden vom Islam in keiner Weise legitimiert, auch sind keine islamischen Rechtsquellen vorhanden, die eine Beschneidung der kleinen oder großen Schamlippen erwähnen.

    Alle vier sunnitischen Rechtsschulen (Madhhab) befürworten die Beschneidung von Frauen. Die Schafiiten erklären sie explizit zur religiösen Pflicht. In den Ländern des Nahen Ostens und Ostafrikas, in denen die schafiitische Rechtsschule dominiert, ist die Beschneidung deshalb auch allgemein verbreitet. Auch einer überlieferten hanbalitischen Position zufolge ist die Beschneidung bei Frauen religiöse Pflicht. Für die Malikiten ist die Beschneidung Prophetentradition (sunna) und damit empfehlenswert, für die Hanafiten wie auch für manche Hanbaliten ist sie ehrenhaft (makruma).

    Der am häufigsten zitierte Hadith im Zusammenhang mit der Beschneidung von Frauen gibt eine Diskussion zwischen Mohammed und Umm Habiba [ Umm Ḥabība ] (oder Umm Atiyya, Umm ʿAṭiyya) wieder (das Hadith der Beschneiderin). Diese Frau war als Beschneiderin von Sklavinnen bekannt und gehörte zu den Frauen, die mit Mohammed immigriert waren. Nachdem er sie entdeckt hatte, soll er sie gefragt haben, ob sie immer noch ihren Beruf ausübe. Sie soll dies bejaht und hinzugefügt haben: „Unter der Bedingung, dass es nicht verboten ist und du mir nicht befiehlst, damit aufzuhören“. Mohammed soll ihr darauf erwidert haben:

    „Aber ja, es ist erlaubt. Komm näher, damit ich dich unterweisen kann: Wenn du schneidest, übertreibe nicht (lā tunhikī), denn es macht das Gesicht strahlender (ašraq) und es ist angenehmer (ahzā) für den Ehemann“.

    [ strahlender (ašraq) – sch-r-q – zu: Sonnenaufgang, Osten ]
    مُشْرِق [ mušriq ] {adj.}
    sunny sun-drenched bright radiant shining rosy beaming brilliant

    http://en.bab.la/dictionary/arabic-english/%D9%85%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%82

    Nach anderen Überlieferungen soll Mohammed gesagt haben:

    „Schneide leicht und übertreibe nicht (ašimmī wa-lā tanhikī), denn das ist angenehmer (ahzā) für die Frau und besser (aḥabb) für den Mann“. (Andere Übersetzung: „Nimm ein wenig weg, aber zerstöre es nicht. Das ist besser für die Frau und wird vom Mann bevorzugt.“ – „Die Beschneidung ist eine Sunna für die Männer und Makruma für die Frauen.“)

    Dieser Hadith gilt aber als ḍaʿīf, also als schwach.

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weibliche_Genitalverst%C3%BCmmelung

    ::

    Schafiiten: Sowohl die männliche als auch die weibliche Beschneidung ist absolute religiöse (religionsgesetzliche) Pflicht.

    only recommended for girls, adding that he should scrape but not go too far (ashimmī wa-lā tanhikī). according to the shafiʿi school, circumcision is compulsory (wājib) [ واجب wāǧib ] for both men and women.

    https://books.google.de/books?id=P1UNNapLrx8C&printsec=frontcover&hl=de#v=onepage&q&f=false

    واجب
    wāǧib
    wadschib

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Far%E1%B8%8D

  2. Edward von Roy Says:

    Even the least invasive form of female ‘circumcision’ amounts to a major violation of a woman’s physical integrity, with serious consequences to her health.

    Internationally, some organisations prefer to use the term ‘female genital cutting’ (FGC) which they consider to be less derogatory to those affected. Others coin words like ‘female genital alteration’ (FGA) and promote the idea of „accepting de minimis non-therapeutic FGA“ as a so-called „compromise solution“ (Kavita Shah Arora and Allan J Jacobs).

    Nevertheless, the term ‘mutilation’ is employed by human rights activists and international organisations such as the Inter-African Committee (IAC) to underscore the seriousness of the intervention. The term FGC (female genital circumcision), however, obscures the serious physical and psychological effects of ritual genital mutilation on women.

    Classification of FGM (2007). Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons (WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, 1997).The WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA Joint Statement classified female genital mutilation into four types.

    Classification of female genital mutilation. The complete typology with sub-divisions:

    Type I — Partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (clitoridectomy). When it is important to distinguish between the major variations of Type I mutilation, the following subdivisions are proposed:
    Type Ia, removal of the clitoral hood or prepuce only;
    Type Ib, removal of the clitoris with the prepuce.
    Type II — Partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (excision). When it is important to distinguish between the major variations that have been documented, the following subdivisions are proposed:
    Type IIa, removal of the labia minora only;
    Type IIb, partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora;
    Type IIc, partial or total removal of the clitoris, the labia minora and the labia majora.
    Type III — Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation). When it is important to distinguish between variations in infibulations, the following subdivisions are proposed:
    Type IIIa, removal and apposition of the labia minora;
    Type IIIb, removal and apposition of the labia majora.
    Type IV — All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, for example: pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization.

    (source: WHO)

    Some Indonesian Sunni clerics of the MUI (Majelis Ulama Indonesia) and some Shia clerics of Dawoodi Bohra seem to demand that the „sunna“ circumcision of girls (khitan al-inath; khitan wanita; sunat perempuan) should be permissible world wide. In the US, above-mentioned Kavita Arora and Allan Jacobs argue that mild forms of “FGA” do not constitute a human rights violation, and thus promote that some of those forms could be offered and tolerated as a “compromise” to protect children from more extensive forms of “FGA“, allowing parents to uphold cultural and religious practices “without sacrificing the health and well-being of female children“. This development must be stopped.

    Every form of FGM should be banned everywhere. To achieve this, it is indispensable to talk about mutilation, and not to hide or trivialize the anti-feminist and anti-childish practice with terms such as circumcision (FGC) or alteration (FGA). There’s no such thing as ‚mild‘ or ‚minor‘ or ‚de minimis‘ FGM. ‚Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)‘ means zero tolerance even to the less invasive forms of FGM.

    „States Parties shall take all effective and appropriate measures with a view to abolishing traditional practices prejudicial to the health of children.“ OHCHR | Convention on the Rights of the Child (Article 24)

  3. 1+1=2 Says:

    Jumana Nagarwala
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Dr. Jumana Nagarwala is an Indian-American physician who, in 2017, became the first person charged under the United States law criminalizing female genital mutilation. [1] Nagarwala is a Dawoodi Bohra, a member of the only religious community in India to regularly practice FGM. [2]

    Contents

    1 Accusations
    2 Education and professional experience
    3 References
    4 External Links and Further Reading

    Accusations

    Nagarwala, licensed in Michigan, was accused of cutting the genitals of two Minnesota girls who traveled to Michigan with their mothers on what they had been told was a „special girls‘ trip“. [3] They were instead taken to a clinic in Livonia, where Nagarwala operated on them. According to the criminal complaint against her, she is also accused of being complicit in the transportation of minors across state lines in order to commit a sexual crime on them, because two of her alleged victims were brought by their parents from Minnesota to Michigan for the procedure, and the parents communicated with her several times before bringing them. She faces a possible sentence of life in prison if convicted of transportation; also each of the mutilation charges carries a possible five-year sentence; additionally, she is accused of lying to a Federal law-enforcement agent about female genital mutilation. [4] The criminal complaint also states that several other young girls have informed Child Protective Services that Nagarwala has operated on their genitals, although the criminal complaint only directly accuses her of mutilating two girls.

    She was denied bail on the grounds that the court considers her a danger to the community and a flight risk.[5]

    The owners of the clinic where the mutilations were allegedly done, Dr. Fakhruddin Attar and his wife, Farida Attar, have been arrested and accused of being accomplices.[6][7]

    Education and professional experience

    She earned her medical degree from Johns Hopkins, graduating in 1998.[2]

    She has worked as an assistant director of the emergency medicine residency program at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.[2]

    References

    1.
    https://www.justice.gov/usao-edmi/press-release/file/957376/download

    2.
    https://www.forbes.com/sites/ritarubin/2017/04/14/doctor-charged-with-female-genital-mutilation-has-published-research-overseen-residents/#cc43ce162241

    3.
    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/04/13/doctor-charged-genital-mutilation/100416734/

    4.
    See „External Links“ section below.

    5.
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4421648/Detroit-doctor-charged-genital-mutilation-denied-bail.html

    6.
    http://detroit.cbslocal.com/2017/04/21/two-more-doctors-charges-with-female-genital-mutilation-on-girls-6-8-years-old/

    7.
    http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/midwest/ct-detroit-female-genital-mutilation-case-20170421-story.html

    External Links and Further Reading

    The criminal complaint against Dr. Nagarwala

    The criminal complaint against Dr. Attar et al.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

  4. Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation Says:

    Life, Liberty, & the Pursuit of Happiness: To be 18 years old and still have INTACT genitals
    .

    [ WHO – World Health Organization – Female genital mutilation – Fact sheet – Updated February 2017 ]

    „Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.“

    No health benefits, only harm

    FGM has no health benefits, and it harms girls and women in many ways. It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls‘ and women’s bodies. Generally speaking, risks increase with increasing severity of the procedure.

    Immediate complications can include:

    severe pain
    excessive bleeding (haemorrhage)
    genital tissue swelling
    fever
    infections e.g., tetanus
    urinary problems
    wound healing problems
    injury to surrounding genital tissue
    shock
    death.

    Long-term consequences can include:

    urinary problems (painful urination, urinary tract infections);
    vaginal problems (discharge, itching, bacterial vaginosis and other infections);
    menstrual problems (painful menstruations, difficulty in passing menstrual blood, etc.);
    scar tissue and keloid;
    sexual problems (pain during intercourse, decreased satisfaction, etc.);
    increased risk of childbirth complications (difficult delivery, excessive bleeding, caesarean section, need to resuscitate the baby, etc.) and newborn deaths;
    need for later surgeries: for example, the FGM procedure that seals or narrows a vaginal opening (type 3) needs to be cut open later to allow for sexual intercourse and childbirth (deinfibulation). Sometimes genital tissue is stitched again several times, including after childbirth, hence the woman goes through repeated opening and closing procedures, further increasing both immediate and long-term risks;
    psychological problems (depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, low self-esteem, etc.);
    health complications of female genital mutilation.

    http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/

    ::

    18 U.S. Code § 116 – Female genital mutilation

    https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/116

    18 U.S.C.
    United States Code, 2011 Edition
    Title 18 – CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
    PART I – CRIMES
    CHAPTER 7 – ASSAULT
    Sec. 116 – Female genital mutilation
    From the U.S. Government Printing Office, http://www.gpo.gov

    § 116. Female genital mutilation

    (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), whoever knowingly circumcises, excises, or infibulates the whole or any part of the labia majora or labia minora or clitoris of another person who has not attained the age of 18 years shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

    (b) A surgical operation is not a violation of this section if the operation is—

    (1) necessary to the health of the person on whom it is performed, and is performed by a person licensed in the place of its performance as a medical practitioner; or

    (2) performed on a person in labor or who has just given birth and is performed for medical purposes connected with that labor or birth by a person licensed in the place it is performed as a medical practitioner, midwife, or person in training to become such a practitioner or midwife.

    (c) In applying subsection (b)(1), no account shall be taken of the effect on the person on whom the operation is to be performed of any belief on the part of that person, or any other person, that the operation is required as a matter of custom or ritual.

    (Added Pub. L. 104–208, div. C, title VI, §645(b)(1), Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–709.)

    Effective Date

    Section 645(c) of div. C of Pub. L. 104–208 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (b) [enacting this section] shall take effect on the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 1996].”

    Congressional Findings

    Section 645(a) of div. C of Pub. L. 104–208 provided that: “The Congress finds that—

    “(1) the practice of female genital mutilation is carried out by members of certain cultural and religious groups within the United States;

    “(2) the practice of female genital mutilation often results in the occurrence of physical and psychological health effects that harm the women involved;

    “(3) such mutilation infringes upon the guarantees of rights secured by Federal and State law, both statutory and constitutional;

    “(4) the unique circumstances surrounding the practice of female genital mutilation place it beyond the ability of any single State or local jurisdiction to control;

    “(5) the practice of female genital mutilation can be prohibited without abridging the exercise of any rights guaranteed under the first amendment to the Constitution or under any other law; and

    “(6) Congress has the affirmative power under section 8 of article I, the necessary and proper clause, section 5 of the fourteenth Amendment, as well as under the treaty clause, to the Constitution to enact such legislation.”

    https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/USCODE-2011-title18/html/USCODE-2011-title18-partI-chap7-sec116.htm

    ::

    Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, 44, of Northville, is charged with performing female genital mutilation (FGM) on girls who were 6 to 8 years old at the Burhani Medical Clinic. Nagarwala, the clinic owner Dr. Fakhruddin Attar, and his wife Farida Attar all face charges in the case. All three are expected to head to trial.

    Nagarwala was arrested April 12 and detained April 17. Henry Ford Health System said she was placed on administrative leave April 13. Local 4 and ClickOnDetroit learned Thursday [ April 27 ] she has been terminated from her position as an emergency department physician at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

    http://www.clickondetroit.com/news/dr-jumana-nagarwala-fired-by-henry-ford-amid-female-genital-mutilation-case

  5. Cees van der Duin Says:

    Shabbir Mohammedbhai Vaziri, who was convicted in Australia’s first female genital mutilation court case in Sydney

    .

    .
    .

    Australia’s first female genital mutilation trial: how a bright young girl convinced a jury

    (Three people have been convicted of FGM in a landmark trial in Australia. It was a complex case in which medical evidence was inconclusive, which meant the outcome turning on phone tapping – and also the testimony of two young girls.)

    […] That the girls were touched on the genitals by an older woman, known in the trial as KM, was not disputed. What KM did to their genitals with what she described as “forceps” and Emma described as a silver tool “a bit like a scissor” was what the verdict hinged on.

    KM said she simply “touched” the genitals of the girls in a “symbolic” part of the ceremony. The prosecution argued the girls had been cut and a medical examination by a doctor could not determine what happened either way, though type one or type four FGM was not ruled out. […]

    Emma told the court she “imagined she was a princess in a garden” as KM cut her clitoris with a steel instrument. She had her eyes closed during the mutilation, though she could describe what she saw KM holding in her hand beforehand. When asked by the judge, she obediently drew it for the court. […]

    Medical evidence presented to the courtroom was inconclusive. Dr Susan Marks, a paediatrician and head of the child protection unit at Westmead Children’s hospital, examined both the girls and said it was possible they could have been cut or even had part of their clitorises removed.

    The injury had healed with no obvious scarring to either. The crown prosecutor later explained to the court this was because KM had perfected a technique that left no scarring. […]

    Australia’s first female genital mutilation trial: how a bright young girl convinced a jury | By Bridie Jabour | The Guardian 13.11.2015

    https://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/nov/13/female-genital-mutilation-trial-young-girl-convinced-jury-australia

    .

    • NSW Judge said on Friday that the co-offenders wouldn’t stop the practice
    • All three are members of Sydney’s Dawoodi Bohra Muslim community
    • A mother and a nurse were found guilty of genital mutilation in November
    • Shabbir Mohammedbhai Vaziri is an accessory after the fact
    • The sentencing hearing for the two women and religious figure continues

    Islamic leader, mother and nurse convicted of genital mutilation of two girls, 7, are ‚remorseful‘ but judge finds ’no evidence‘ they will try to stamp out the practice in their community | By Brianne Tolj For Daily Mail Australia and AAP | DailyMail 05.02.2016

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3432980/Judge-concerned-no-evidence-Muslim-leader-mother-nurse-guilty-genital-mutilation-two-girls-7-try-stamp-practice-community.html

    .

    Three sentenced to 15 months in landmark female genital mutilation trial | By Michael Safi | The Guardian 18.03.2016

    https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/mar/18/three-sentenced-to-15-months-in-landmark-female-genital-mutilation-trial

    ::

    Alefiya, a 34-year-old social worker in the United States, remembers the khatna being done by her grandmother’s sister in a cold basement in New York. It was awkward and painful, she says.

    Older Dawoodi women call the clitoris ‚haraam ki boti‘ or sinful flesh — the flesh that can lead a woman astray.

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3719294/Battle-tiny-Indian-Muslim-sect-circumcising-girls.html

    ::

    The term Dā’ī al-Mutlaq or ad-Da’i ul-Mutlaq (Arabic: الداعي المطلق or داعي المطلق‎‎) literally means „the absolute or unrestricted missionary“

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Da%27i_al-Mutlaq

    The 53rd Fatimi Dai of Bohra Community
    Seine Heiligkeit
    مفضل سيف الدين
    Mufaddal Saifuddin

    ::
    ::

    Female circumcision anger aired in India
    AFP 23.04.2012

    The community’s insistence on “Khatna” (the excision of the clitoris) also sets it apart from others on the subcontinent.

    https://www.dawn.com/news/712748/female-circumcision-anger-aired-in-india-fm

    ::

    I was scared because my mom always talks about how she hates sex and it’s the worst thing God ever created. It’s probably because she doesn’t fucking enjoy it. Geez, no wonder because who knows how much of her clitoris is gone.

    http://imaginingequality.globalfundforwomen.org/content/female-genital-cutting

    ::
    ::

    INDONESIEN (Sunniten: Schafiiten)
    .

    When a girl is taken — usually by her mother — to a free circumcision event held each spring in Bandung, Indonesia, she is handed over to a small group of women who, swiftly and yet with apparent affection, cut off a small piece of her genitals. Sponsored by the Assalaam Foundation, an Islamic educational and social-services organization […]

    According to Lukman Hakim, the foundation’s chairman of social services, there are three “benefits” to circumcising girls.

    “One, it will stabilize her libido,” he said through an interpreter. “Two, it will make a woman look more beautiful in the eyes of her husband. And three, it will balance her psychology.” […]

    A Cutting Tradition | By Sara Corbett | The New York Times Magazine 20.01.2008

    Inside a Female-Circumcision Ceremony

    Fotos: Stephanie Sinclair

    ::

    .

    Ms. Yanti however states: “They cannot stop us. It’s our religion.”

    https://en.brilio.net/news/unicef-reports-genital-cutting-as-a-common-practice-in-indonesia-unicef-reports-genital-cutting-as-a.html

    ::

    The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) is bucking a United Nation’s campaign to ban female circumcision, demanding that the government keep the practice legal.

    MUI deputy secretary-general Amirsyah Tambunan told reporters at a press conference on Monday that the government should continue to allow female circumcision, calling it a constitutional right.

    “Circumcision is a part of the Islamic teachings that were recommended for Muslims, both male and female,” Amrisyah said at UI headquarters as quoted by Antara news agency. “The MUI and Islamic organizations in the country firmly stand against any efforts to ban female circumcision.” […]

    MUI pushes govt to circumcise girls | The Jakarta Post (Jakarta) 22.01.2013

    https://web.archive.org/web/20130125004403/http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/01/22/mui-pushes-govt-circumcise-girls.html

    The government in Indonesia has been urged not to bow to pressure from the United Nations (UN) to make female genital mutilation (FGM) illegal. […]

    Amirsyah Tambunan, deputy secretary-general of MUI, commented: „Circumcision is a part of the Islamic teachings that were recommended for Muslims, both male and female.“ […]

    Indonesian government under pressure to keep FGM | FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) 24.01.2013

    http://www.figo.org/news/indonesian-government-under-pressure-keep-fgm-0013368

    ::

    MALAYSIA (wie Indonesien v. a. schafiitisch-sunnitisch geprägt)

    Hukum Pemotongan Genitalia Wanita (Female Genital Mutilation) (2009)

    Keputusan:
    Muzakarah Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Ugama Islam Malaysia Kali Ke-86 yang bersidang pada 21 – 23 April 2009 telah membincangkan Hukum Pemotongan Genitalia Wanita (Female Genital Mutilation). […]

    http://www.islam.gov.my/images/ePenerbitan/KOMPILASI_MUZAKARAH_MKI_2016.pdf

    Ke-86 yang bersidang pada 21 – 23 April 2009

    http://www.muftiwp.gov.my/index.php/ms-my/perkhidmatan/irsyad-fatwa/773-27

    Ke-86 yang bersidang pada 21 – 23 April 2009

    http://pts.com.my/berita/tiada-dalil-wajib-berkhatan-untuk-wanita-dr.-abdullah-nasih-ulwan/

    HUKUM PEMOTONGAN GENITALIA WANITA
    (FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION)
    Oleh: Taqwa binti Zabidi (JAKIM)

    Hukum Pemotongan Genitalia Wanita (Female Genital Mutilation) Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia, Rasmi Fatwa, Government of Malaysia (2009)

    http://www.myjurnal.my/filebank/published_article/34088/Article_4.PDF

    —p://legenioz.blogspot.de/2014/12/hukum-sunat-bayi-perempuan.html

    —ps://mamaunanas.blogspot.de/2012/11/una-nak-kene-sunat.html

    ::

    Islamic Law on Female Circumcision

    Answering Islam

    http://answering-islam.org/Sharia/fem_circumcision.html

    ::

  6. Detroit Says:

    http://www.usmessageboard.com/attachments/upload_2017-4-14_18-14-2-png.121752/

  7. Edward von Roy Says:

    „Die Handlung muss vollzogen werden. Wenn es ein Junge ist kann es offen gemacht werden, ist es ein Mädchen, dann eben heimlich. Aber die Tat muss vollbracht werden. Versteht ihr, wie ich das meine? Lassen wir die Leute doch reden.“

    ( Aus der Predigt des 53. Dai al-Mutlaq, zu Mumbai am 25.04.2016. )

    .

    .

    “It must be done. If it is a man, it can be done openly and if it is a woman it must be discreet. But the act must be done. Do you understand what I am saying? Let people say what they want.”

    ( Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin )

    http://blogs.tribune.com.pk/story/34471/bohra-men-must-speak-up-to-save-their-daughters-from-female-circumcision/

    “The act must be done. It needs to be done discreetly when it is a woman, but it needs to be done.”

    ( Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin )

    https://tribune.com.pk/story/1094163/bohra-muslim-leader-speech-urging-fgm-is-huge-disappointment-for-india-campaign/

    .

    Ende der Diskussion?

    Noch nicht ganz.

    .

    حب الوطن من الايمان
    Ḥubb al-Waṭan min al-Īmān
    Love for one’s homeland is part of faith
    Liebe zum Vaterland ist Teil des Iman (Hadith oder so …)

    Tage später gab die spirituelle Autorität der Dawudi Bohra doch noch eine Erklärung ab. Einerseits müsse jeder Junge und jedes Mädchen beschnitten werden, andererseits gelte das von Mohammed (nicht*) überlieferte Konzept Hubb al-Watan (Ḥubbu l-Waṭan) und habe der Muslim die Gesetze des Landes befolgen [nur die schariakonformen Gesetze?]. Lobend betont der Siebener-Schiit die sunnitisch-schafiitische Beschneidung aller Kinder (Kind ist Junge oder Mädchen).
    .

    Breaking his silence on the issue of female circumcision, a practice common in India’s Bohra community, Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin, the spiritual head of the Dawoodi Bohras, issued a statement on Monday. “Male and female circumcision (called khatna and khafD respectively) are religious rites that have been practised by Dawoodi Bohras throughout history. Religious books, written over a thousand years ago, specify the requirements for both males and females as acts of religious purity,“ read his statement.

    The declaration refers to khafD as “Islamic female circumcision“ or a “religious obligation“ that “finds an echo in many other Muslim communities, particularly those following the Sunni Shafi’i school of thought“, but clarifies with a centuries-old quote from Prophet Mohammed–“Hubbul watan-e-minal Iman“–that requires followers to “be loyal and law-abiding citizens“. […]

    CLARIFING HIS STAND – Circumcision a religious rite, but abide by law [dann endlich die offizielle Erlaubnis der FGM?] of country: Syedna | By: Mohua Das | The Times of India (Mumbai) 07.06.2016

    http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31804&articlexml=CLARIFING-HIS-STAND-Circumcision-a-religious-rite-but-07062016008042

    „particularly those following the Sunni Shafi’i school of thought“ […]

    (to respect the law of the land [s. Fitra] and live as worthy and contributory citizens within prevailing [die derzeit maßgeblichen, die herrschenden … die schariatreuen?] laws [darf der Mensch Gesetze erlassen?])

    http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-syedna-mufaddal-for-female-circumcision-2221411

    (“Hubbul Watan-e-Minal Iman”) meaning the „Love of one‟s country is an element of Iman”

    http://mohammadpurazamgarh.in/pdf/chapter%20VIII.pdf

    patriotism — hubb al-watan, the love of country, the main motive which leads men to try to build up a civilized community

    https://books.google.de/books?id=Wto_ymT5vbQC&printsec=frontcover&hl=de#v=onepage&q&f=false

    .

    Watan, Heimat kann allerdings, meinen manche, die ewige Heimkehr in Dschanna bedeuten oder aber sich auf die Fitra (fiṭra) beziehen, auf Geschaffensein und Gottausgerichtetheit (jeder Mensch als Muslim geboren; einziges heute als sittlich zu benennendes Gemeinwesen war Mohammeds (in Stellvertretung für den Souverän, Gott, wieder zu errichtender) Stadtstaat Medina).

    Others have tried to explain this statement by saying that the homeland (waṭan) being referred to is the paradisal homeland of the Hereafter. Some mystics have even posited that waṭan here means one’s intrinsic nature (fiṭra) and the first covenant made by man with the Almighty.

    https://sites.google.com/site/hadithjournal/hadith-analysis/hubb-al-watan-min-al-iman-hb-alwtn-mn-alayman—love-for-one-s-homeland-is-part-of-faith

    _

    [ * Der beinahe echte Hadith: Liebe zum Vaterland ist Teil des Iman ]

    5. Januar 2013
    Hadith: „Liebe zum Vaterland ist Teil des Iman (Glaubens)“ ?

    Der Hadith

    „Liebe zum Vaterland ist Teil des Iman (Glaubens)“

    as-Sarani deklariert es Maudu (erfunden)
    (al-Mauduat Seite 7)

    al-Albani deklariert es als erfunden
    (Silsila ad-Daifah 1/110 Nr.36)

    ___ps://ahlu-sunnah.net/hadith-liebe-zum-vaterland-ist-teil-des-iman-glaubens/

  8. Edward von Roy Says:

    ___

    The Egyptian Controversy Over Circumcising Girls
    By: B. Chernitsky

    Inquiry & Analysis Series No.152
    MEMRI (The Middle East Media Research Institute) 07.11.2003

    https://www.memri.org/reports/egyptian-controversy-over-circumcising-girls

    Englisch aus o. g. Quelle MEMRI, meine Übersetzung ins Deutsche:

    Das Mädchen zu beschneiden, bringt ihr Bescheidenheit und Anstand, Ehrgefühl sowie ein emotionales Gleichgewicht.

    (Dr. Ahmad Suleiman von der Universität Kairo)

    ‚Circumcising a Girl Brings Modesty, Honor, and Emotional Balance‘

    (Dr. Ahmad Suleiman of Cairo University)

    According to Dr. Suleiman, the fact that Muslims have been practicing this tradition for thousands of years eliminates any claims that it is detrimental to sexuality. He expressed his amazement over the argument that circumcision causes frigidity in women, saying that throughout the many generations that Muslims have practiced circumcising girls, they have been enjoying natural lives as married couples. Moreover, he says, „circumcising a girl brings modesty, honor, and emotional balance.“

    (Likewise, Dr. Suleiman claimed that not circumcising women results in the spread of prostitution. Al-Haqiqa (Egypt), June 7, 2003.)

    Die Mädchen nicht zu beschneiden öffnet Verdorbenheit und Prostitution Tür und Tor, ein Ergebnis, das wir am Westen sehen, wo jeder normale, zutiefst menschliche Bedarf ignoriert worden ist. Wollen wir so sein wie der Westen? Die [Anti-FGM-]Werbespots, die in diesen Tagen im Fernsehen gezeigt werden, sind zu verabscheuen, da sie dem Islamischen Recht [Scharia] zuwiderlaufen. (…) Ziel [der Anti-FGM-Spots] ist, die muslimische Familie zu zerstören und die ägyptische Gesellschaft zu zersetzen.

    (Der islamische Schriftsteller Dr. Ahmed Abd al-Rahman)

    „Not circumcising girls opens the gate to the spread of depravity and prostitution, as happened in the West as a result of ignoring this normal, human demand. Do we want to be like the West? The commercials [against circumcising girls] broadcast on television these days are repulsive because they contradict Islamic law… Their purpose is to destroy the Muslim family and degrade Egyptian society.“

    (Islamic writer Dr. Ahmed Abd al-Rahman)
    (Al-Haqiqa (Egypt), June 7, 2003.)

    https://www.memri.org/reports/egyptian-controversy-over-circumcising-girls

    ___

  9. Edward von Roy Says:

    Burhani Medical Clinic, the office of Dr. Fakhruddin Attar, is seen in Livonia, Mich.
    [ Attar’s clinic, BMC ]

    .

    [ Woodcreek Professional Building, location of the Burhani Medical Clinic and offices of Dr. Fakhruddin S. Attar, MD, Internal Medicine, on Farmington Rd. in Livonia. ]

    Dr. Fakhruddin S. Attar, MD

    http://doctor.webmd.com/doctor/fakhruddin-attar-md-15a48a72-b93f-4d46-8d6e-7f95aaba1aa0-overview

    .
    .

    2nd doctor, wife arrested in genital mutilation case

    By: Robert Snell
    The Detroit News Published 11:02 a.m. ET April 21, 2017 | Updated 2 hours ago

    Federal agents arrested a second doctor and his wife Friday in a widening conspiracy involving female genital mutilation and members of a Muslim sect.

    Dr. Fakhruddin Attar is accused of letting Dr. Jumana Nagarwala perform mutilations at his Burhani Medical Clinic on Farmington Road. His wife, office manager Farida Attar, also was arrested and is accused of helping Nagarwala perform the mutilations, according to a 14-page complaint unsealed Friday in federal court. […]

    Attar, 52, and his 50-year-old wife were arraigned in federal court Friday afternoon and ordered jailed until a detention hearing Wednesday. Both were dressed in the distinctive attire of Dawoodi Bohra members — he wore a white cap with gold trim, while his wife wore a long teal dress and head covering with pink fringe.

    “Dr. Attar is not aware of any crimes committed at his clinic,” defense lawyer Mary Chartier told reporters outside court. […]

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/04/21/second-doctor-arrested-genital-mutilation/100741450/

    Complaint reveals new surveillance video in genital mutilation case
    Tresa Baldas , Detroit Free Press Published 1:58 p.m. ET April 21, 2017 | Updated 5 hours ago

    http://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/wayne/2017/04/21/genital-mutilation-video-complaint/100748668/

    2nd doctor arrested, wife charged in connection with female genital mutilation investigation

    fox2detroit | By: Dave Spencer
    Posted:Apr 21 2017 11:12AM EDT
    Updated:Apr 21 2017 05:11PM EDT

    (WJBK) – A second doctor has been arrested in connection with a female genital mutilation investigation in Detroit.

    Fakhruddin Attar, 53, and his wife, Farida Attar, 50, of Livonia, were both arrested and have been charged with conspiring to perform female genital mutilations on minor girls out of Dr. Attar’s medical clinic in Livonia.

    Both husband and wife were arrested Friday morning and are due in court later this afternoon.

    Authorities say Dr. Attar owned Burhani Medical Clinic in Livonia, which is where a Detroit emergency room doctor who was arrested last week is accused of performing FGM on minor girls. Authorities say Dr. Attar’s wife is employed at Burhani Medical Clinic as an office manager. Authorities believe the husband and wife arranged and assisted in the FGM procedures performed by the Detroit doctor, Dr. Jumana Nagarwala. […]

    http://www.fox2detroit.com/news/local-news/249924325-story

    __

    .

    .
    .

    Department of Justice
    Office of Public Affairs
    Friday, April 21, 2017

    Detroit Doctor and Wife Arrested and Charged with Conspiring to Perform Female Genital Mutilation

    […] Fakhruddin Attar, M.D., 53, and his wife, Farida Attar, 50, both of Livonia, Michigan, are charged with conspiring to perform female genital mutilations on minor girls out of Fakhruddin Attar’s medical clinic in Livonia. […]

    he defendants are alleged to have conspired with Jumana Nagarwala, M.D., who was arrested in Detroit on April 12, 2017, and ordered detained on April 17, 2017, pending trial. Nagarwala, Fakhruddin Attar and Farida Attar are believed to be the first people charged under 18 U.S.C. 116, which criminalizes FGM.

    A complaint is merely an allegation and the defendant is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a court of law. […]

    https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/detroit-doctor-and-wife-arrested-and-charged-conspiring-perform-female-genital-mutilation

    Attar et al. Complaint

    United States of America v. D-1 FAKHRUDDIN ATTAR, D-2 FARIDA ATTAR, Defendants

    CRIMINAL COMPLAINT
    20.04.2017

    [ BMC = Burhani Medical Clinic ]

    https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/959361/download

  10. Cees van der Duin Says:

    .

    Another Doctor And His Wife Have Been Charged With Conspiring To Perform Female Genital Mutilation In The US

    BuzzFeed 21.04.2017, at 7:21 p.m.
    By: Tamerra Griffin | BuzzFeed News Reporter

    https://www.buzzfeed.com/tamerragriffin/doctor-and-his-wife-charged-female-genital-mutilation-us?utm_term=.ncN7Op82o#.ojQB2V6YW

    .
    .

    FIRST DO NO HARM?

    Second Detroit Doctor Arrested for Female Genital Mutilation

    Fakhruddin Attar owns the clinic where Dr. Jumana Nagarwala allegedly performed illegal surgeries on girls as young as six. Attar’s wife was also arrested.

    By: Gaby Del Valle
    The Daily Beast 21.04.2017 7:07 PM ET

    http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2017/04/21/second-detroit-doctor-arrested-for-female-genital-mutilation.html

    .

  11. Edward von Roy Says:

    .

    .

    .
    .

    Sahiyo

    https://sahiyo.com/

  12. Kızılırmak Says:

    :::

    India-Born Doctor, Wife Arrested In US Genital Mutilation Probe

    NDTV New Delhi Television | Updated: April 22, 2017 07:32 IST

    […] The Attars were arrested this morning.

    The charges come a week after Indian-origin doctor Jumana Nagarwala, 44, of Michigan, was charged with performing FGM on minor girls.

    Ms Nagarwala and the Attars are believed to be the first people charged under federal US law, which criminalises FGM.

    According to an online physician directory, Fakhruddin graduated from the Baroda Medical College in Gujarat, India in 1988.

    The charges say that Ms Nagarwala used to perform the medical procedure on minor girls at Burhani Medical Clinic (BMC) in Michigan that was owned and operated by Fakhruddin.

    Fakhruddin’s wife was employed at BMC as an officer manager.

    The compliant against the Attars said that the couple arranged and assisted in the female genital mutilation of minor females performed by Nagarwala. While they allowed their clinic to be used by Nagarwala to perform the procedures, Farida assisted Ms Nagarwala during the female genital mutilation procedures. […]

    The number of girls under 18 at risk for FGM in the US has quadrupled since 1997. […]

    http://www.ndtv.com/indians-abroad/india-born-doctor-wife-arrested-in-us-genital-mutilation-probe-1684494

    New Delhi Television is, and has been for more than a quarter century, a pioneer in India’s news television. Founded in 1988 by Radhika Roy and Prannoy Roy, NDTV is today the most watched and the most credible and respected news and lifestyle network in India.

    http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/corporatepage/index.aspx

    :::
    :::

    Medical Professionals Ijtemaa and SBMAA founding – report
    March 17, 2015 SBMAA Webmaster
    1 Comment

    :::::

    […] Shaikh Fakhruddin Attar MD, MS […]

    SBMAA
    Saifee Burhani Medical Association America

    Founded 14th March 2015 with Dua and Raza Mubarak of his Holiness, Syedna Aali Qadr Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS, 53rd Dail ul-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohra Muslim Community

    […] The mission of the Saifee Burhani Medical Association is to leverage the experience, skill, and potential of medical professionals in the Dawoodi Bohra community, to achieve three aims:

    1. engage in khidmat of mumineen, by desiging and implementing jamaat-level initiatives for long-term health and preventive care, by leveraging our expertise, local clinical experiences, and economies of scale;

    2. encourage and support aspiring medical professionals by providing mentorship, guidance, education, […]

    ___p://sbmedical.org/medical-professionals-ijtemaa-and-sbmaa-founding-report/

    Members | Saifee Burhani Medical Association of America [ SBMAA ]
    sbmedical.org/members/
    Business City: Livonia. State: MI. Country: United States.

    ___p://sbmedical.org/login/?redirect_to=http%3A%2F%2Fsbmedical.org%2Fmembers%2F

    Shaikh Fakhruddin Attar MD, MS
    Middle Name: M. Shabbir

    Shaikh Fakhruddin Attar MD, MS | Saifee Burhani Medical Association …
    sbmedical.org/user/shaikh.fakhruddin.attar.md%2C.ms./

    Degree and/or Certifications. MD, MS
    Medical/Professional
    Specialty: Internal Medicine
    Business Address: 29247 Farmington Road. Business City. Livonia.

    ___p://sbmedical.org/user/shaikh.fakhruddin.attar.md%2C.ms./

    Attar in West Bloomfield, MI
    Fakhruddin Shabbir Attar

    http://www.whitepages.com/name/Attar/West-Bloomfield-MI

    Anjuman-e-Najmi mosque on Orchard Lake Road in Farmington Hills
    Andschuman-e-Nadschmi-Moschee, Orchard Lake Road, Farmington Hills

    Jamaat Committee – Anjuman-e-Najmi, Detroit

    OFFICERS
    Janab Aamil Saheb
    President
    Mufaddal Bhai Saheb Bin Yahya Bhai Saheb

    Shaikh Fakhruddin Attar
    Treasurer [ Schatzmeister ]

    DIRECTORS [ insgesamt neun ]
    Shaikh Fakhruddin Attar
    Shaikh Moiz Nagarwala

    ___p://www.detroitjamaat.org/detroitjamaatorg/website_contest_milad_98/entry6/www/organizations/jamaat.asp

    Niyaz Committee
    Sk Fakhruddin bhai Attar
    Asst. Treasurer

    ___p://www.detroitjamaat.org/detroitjamaatorg/website_contest_milad_98/entry6/www/organizations/niyaz.asp

    Anjuman-e-Najmi, Detroit
    Burhani Women

    Zoujat Al-Amil-al-Hadir
    President

    Farida Bai Shaikh Fakhruddin Bhai Attar [ FARIDA ATTAR ]
    Joint Secretary

    ___p://www.detroitjamaat.org/detroitjamaatorg/website_contest_milad_98/entry6/www/organizations/bwomen.asp

  13. Edward von Roy Says:

    removed membrane from the girls‘ genital area using a „scraper“ as part of a religious practice

    Von FGM Typ IV ist die Rede – will die Verteidigung diese Strategie nutzen – oder hat zwischen 2005 und 2017 im Großraum Detroit wirklich nur Typ-IV-FGM stattgefunden?

    Englisch scraper meint Schaber, Flachschaber, Ziehklinge, Hobel, Schabermesser, Kratze, Reibe, Löffelschaber oder Raspel.

    Jede Form von FGM muss verboten bleiben – FGM ist FGM Typ I, II, III oder IV. Der vierte Typ der keineswegs in strafbewehrt und statthaft aufzuspaltenden WHO-Klassifikation beinhaltet Ziehen, Quetschen, Brennen, Ätzen, Stechen, Raspeln, Kratzen, Schaben, Reiben. Das intakte Genital des Kindes, Kind ist Mensch unter 18 (achtzehn) Jahren, steht nicht zur Disposition.

    Wir übersehen nicht, dass jedes zweite Kind auf der Welt kein Mädchen ist.
    .
    .

    (…) During a court hearing April 17, Nagarwala’s defense attorney, Shannon Smith, told a judge the procedure did not involve cutting and was religious in nature, CNN affiliate WXYZ reported.
    Smith argued the procedure is practiced by the Dawoodi Bohra, an Islamic sect based in India, and that the clinic was used to keep procedures sterile, WXYZ reported.

    The Detroit Free Press reported from the hearing that Smith said her client removed membrane from the girls‘ genital area using a „scraper“ as part of a religious practice.

    Michigan doctors charged in first federal genital mutilation case in US | By Mayra Cuevas, CNN (CNN’s Laura Jarrett and Mary Kay Mallonee contributed to this report.) | CNN 23.04.2017

    http://edition.cnn.com/2017/04/22/health/detroit-genital-mutilation-charges/

    .

    The doctor’s attorney argued that her client never performed female genital mutilations, but rather removed a mucous membrane from the Minnesota girls‘ genitals using a ’scraper.‘ […]

    The judge also asked why the doctor handed the girls pads, presumably to absorb bleeding, as alleged by the prosecution, to which Smith replied that the feminine hygiene products were given to soak up iodine that was used during the procedure, not blood.

    Detroit doctor and his wife are arrested for ‚conspiring‘ with physician who ‚performed genital mutilation on two 7-year-old girls‘ | By Cheyenne Roundtree and Snejana Farberov For Dailymail.com and Associated Press | Daily Mail 21.04.2017 22:06 BST | Updated 21.04.2017 23:06 BST

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4433944/Two-arrested-conspiring-genital-mutilation.html

    .

    scraper

    http://www.dict.cc/englisch-deutsch/scraper.html

    .

    FGM Type IV — All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, for example: pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization.

    http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/fgm/overview/en/

  14. Cees van der Duin Says:

    ::

    “The act must be done. It needs to be done discreetly when it is a woman, but it needs to be done.”

    ( Syedna Muffadal Saifuddin’s speech at a mosque in Mumbai. )

    https://thehimalayantimes.com/world/a-speech-by-the-spiritual-leader-of-the-dawoodi-bohra-community-in-which-he-appears-to-be-urging-followers-in-india-to-continue-the-practice-of-female-genital-mutilation-fgm/

    Then in June 2016, the Syedna issued a statement to clarify his official stand on khatna. It stated that the resolution letters issued in various international jamaats were still valid for Bohras living in those nations. However, in the same statement, Syedna also endorsed khatna as a “religious obligation” necessary for “religious purity”. These ambiguous messages can be confusing to community members who may then be caught between abiding by the laws of their land and abiding by their leader’s wishes.

    ( Sahiyo )

    https://sahiyo.com/2017/04/14/detroit-arrest-it-is-time-for-bohras-to-get-serious-about-ending-female-genital-cutting/

    Das geht doch nicht. Man war ein bisschen empört. Alle Welt (oder so) wartete auf eine Erklärung zum alle Jungen und Mädchen bertreffenden religiösen Ritual namens

    Chitan / ختان‎‎ oder Chatna /ختنة‎‎
    ChafD / خفض / ḫafḍ oder ChifaD / خفاض / ḫifāḍ
    [ Islamische weibliche Genitalverstümmelung / Islamic FGM ]

    Die kam. Einerseits solle man sich an die Gesetze des Landes halten (welche Gesetze wie einzuhalten seien, blieb m. E. eher offen). Das spirituelle Oberhaupt der Dawudi Bohra stellte die religiöse Verankerung der Beschneidung aller Jungen und Mädchen fest, Chatna bzw. ChafD ist und bleibt Religionspflicht:

    “Male and female circumcision (called khatna and khafz respectively) are religious rites that have been practiced by Dawoodi Bohras throughout their history. Religious books, written over a thousand years ago, specify the requirements for both males and females as acts of religious purity. This religious obligation finds an echo in many other Muslim communities, particularly those following the Sunni Shafi’i school of thought.”

    ( Syedna Muffadal Saifuddin )
    ( Ein Bericht der Anti-FGM-Gruppe Sahiyo )

    https://sahiyo.com/2016/06/07/our-campaign-will-continue-sahiyos-statement-in-response-to-syednas-official-stand-on-khatna/

    ::

    [ Der Syedna eben nicht gegen FGM, dna India blickt durch ]

    Syedna Mufaddal for female circumcision

    dna Correspondent | dna (Indien) 09.06.2016

    Bohra community head’s statement says only if government bans it, will it be stopped

    Days after his challenger made a statement that female circumcision be carried out by Dawoodi Bohra women only if they wanted to after attaining adulthood, a press statement from the public relations office of the 53rd Dai al-Mutlaq, Dr Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin, states that khafz (Islamic female circumcision) be carried out unless it is banned by the government.

    „Male and female circumcision (called khatna and khafz respectively) are religious rites that have been practised by Dawoodi Bohras throughout history. Religious books, written over a thousand years ago, specify the requirements for both males and females as acts of religious purity. This religious obligation finds an echo in many other Muslim communities, particularly those following the Sunni Shafi’i school of thought,“ stated the statement.

    It went on to add: „In many parts of the world Anjumans, the administrative bodies of the Dawoodi Bohra Jamaats, have directed their congregations not to undertake khafz, insofar as it is included in the procedures that have been made illegal under the laws of their countries. These resolutions reflect the repeated directions of Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS to respect the law of the land and live as worthy and contributory citizens within prevailing laws….It is clarified that contrary to the media reports following the sermon of Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS of 25th April 2016, these resolutions of the Anjumans have not been nullified and continue to be valid.

    Further resolutions continue to be adopted in other jurisdictions even after the said sermon.“ [ Ja. Kontra oder pro Chatna … ]

    In a reaction, Sahiyo, one of the groups against female genital mutilation (FGM), said: „We thank Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin for officially and publicly speaking on the issue of female genital cutting, since there has been so much silence and confusion on this issue for so long. We are pleased to know that the resolutions issued in several cities around the world, asking Bohra residents to stop practising khafz, still stand as valid. While we are pleased that the resolutions will continue to be issued in countries where female genital cutting is illegal, we are saddened to see that the Syedna’s statement clearly promotes the practice of khafz in countries where such laws are yet to be passed.“

    [ Chitan / ختان‎‎ oder Chatna /ختنة‎‎ ]
    [ ChafD / خفض / ḫafḍ oder ChifaD / خفاض / ḫifāḍ ]
    [ Zwischen Junge und Mädchen wird nicht differenziert, hier: ]
    [ Islamische weibliche Genitalverstümmelung / Islamic FGM ]

    The statement goes on to add: „We maintain that khafz is a form of gender violence, an unnecessary ritual that has left many Bohra girls and women with life-long psychological and physical scars. The World Health Organisation defines female genital cutting as ‚all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons‘, and khafz clearly falls within that definition. Several conventions of the United Nations, including CEDAW, UNFPA, Unicef and UNDP, have declared FGC to be a violation of human and child rights. Countries like India, even though they may not have a specific law against FGC, are signatories to these conventions. We will continue our campaign to bring an end to this practice of female genital cutting within the community. We urge our leader to engage with Bohra women who have been negatively impacted by this practice and pay heed to our voices.“

    http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-syedna-mufaddal-for-female-circumcision-2221411

    Launched on July 30, 2005, in Mumbai, dna is an English broadsheet daily owned by Diligent Media Corporation, an Essel Group company.

    http://www.dnaindia.com/about

    ::

    ::

    Über den Islam nur Gutes. Fakten sind unbequem. Das spirituelle Oberhaupt der Dawudi Bohra betont: Religiöse Riten, religiöse Schriften, religiöse Verpflichtung (religious rites – religious books – religious obligation).

    „Male and female circumcision (called khatna and khafz respectively) are religious rites that have been practised by Dawoodi Bohras throughout history. Religious books, written over a thousand years ago, specify the requirements for both males and females as acts of religious purity. This religious obligation finds an echo in many other Muslim communities, particularly those following the Sunni Shafi’i school of thought.“

    Man kann erkennen und sollte sagen:

    Multiple Islamic scholars and experts say the practice is religious, not based in cultural principles. Those who don’t have their daughters circumcised are subjected to pressure, and those who do believe they are fulfilling a religious obligation.

    Jeff Karoub schweigt zu der – durch den Syedna erwähnten – schafiitischen Pflicht zur Chatna im Sinne von Mädchenbeschneidung:

    „Multiple Islamic scholars and experts say the practice is cultural, not based in religious principles. Those who don’t have their daughters circumcised are subjected to pressure, and those who do believe they are protecting the girls.“

    Doctor’s arrest brings attention to US female circumcisions | By: Jeff Karoub | Associated Press 23.04.2017

    http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2017/apr/23/doctors-arrest-brings-attention-us-female-circumci/?print

    http://www.sfgate.com/news/crime/article/Doctor-s-arrest-brings-attention-to-US-female-11092637.php

    ::

    Detroit 2017. Dr. Fakhruddin Attar besitzt die Privatklinik BMC (Burhani Medical Clinic) im Vorort Livonia, wo Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, so der Verdacht, illegale rituelle Genitalverstümmelungen (FGM) an Mädchen zwischen sechs und acht Jahren vornahm. Dritte verhaftete Person: Attars Ehefrau Farida.

  15. Jacques Auvergne Says:

    In the Matter of B and G (Children) (No 3) [2015] EWFC 27

    Two children, B aged 3 and G aged 2 at the time […] The parents were of African origin, although the mother had been born and brought up in Scandinavia. They met in the UK and married in an Islamic ceremony. […]

    The President of the Family Division had previously handed down two judgments Re B and G (Children) [2014] EWFC 43 and Re B and G (No 2) [2015] EWFC 3. The first judgment, addressing whether G had been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), concluded that the local authority had been unable to establish on the evidence that she had been nor that she was at risk of being subjected to any form of FGM. […]

    […] Sir James Munby, President of the Family Division :

    1. These are care proceedings in relation to two children, B, a boy, born in July 2010 and G, a girl, born in July 2011 (these are not their real initials). In terms of their ethnic origin, both the father, F, and the mother, M, come from an African country which I shall refer to as country A, though the mother was born and brought up in a Scandinavian country which I shall refer to as country S (again, these are not the real initials). The family are Muslims. […]

    3. At the end of the hearing on 7 November 2014 I reserved judgment. On 11 November 2014 I handed down a very short judgment announcing my decision and my conclusions on various issues: Re B and G (Children) [2014] EWFC 43. I said that I would give detailed reasons in due course. On 14 January 2015 I handed down a further judgment dealing with the most important issue in the proceedings, whether G had been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM) and, if she had, what the implications of that were in relation to planning for her and her brother’s future: Re B and G (No 2) [2015] EWFC 3. My conclusion was that the local authority was unable on the evidence to establish that G either had been or was at risk of being subjected to any form of FGM. […]

    8. As set out in my first judgment (Re B and G (Children) [2014] EWFC 43, para 2), I concluded that:

    „(i) The local authority is unable on the evidence to establish that G (as I shall refer to her) either has been or is at risk of being subjected to any form of female genital mutilation. […]

    http://www.familylawweek.co.uk/site.aspx?i=ed144190

    :::

    Court judgement raises questions about FGM and male circumcision in the UK

    National Secular Society 15.01.2015

    […] In a ruling on a child thought by Leeds city council to have been a victim of FGM, the judge, Sir James Munby, described the practice as „evil“ and said that „the court must not hesitate to use every weapon in its protective arsenal if faced with a case of actual or anticipated FGM.“

    Sir James added: „Given what we now know is the distressingly great prevalence of FGM in this country even today, some thirty years after FGM was first criminalised, it is sobering to reflect that this is not merely the first care case where FGM has featured but also, I suspect, if not the first one of only a handful of FGM cases that have yet found their way to the family courts.

    „The courts alone, whether the family courts or the criminal courts, cannot eradicate this great evil but they have an important role to play and a very much greater role than they have hitherto been able to play.“

    The judge said that FGM was „an abuse of human rights“ that had „no basis in any religion.“ [ Das stimmt nicht. ]

    In his ruling, Sir James sought to distinguish between the severity of different types of female genital mutilation as compared with male circumcision. The judge described the „curiosity“ of the law allowing male circumcision whilst it outlaws FGM. Sir James said that law is „still prepared to tolerate non-therapeutic male circumcision performed for religious or even for purely cultural or conventional reasons, while no longer being willing to tolerate FGM in any of its forms.“

    The case Sir James was considering concerned the adoption of two children of Muslim parents, named only as G and B. […]

    Despite finding that some Type IV FGM was comparable with male circumcision, the judge ruled that „‚reasonable‘ parenting is treated as permitting male circumcision“, in part because „male circumcision is often performed for religious reasons“ whilst „FGM has no basis in any religion.“ [ Dem ist nicht so. ] The judge noted that male circumcision was seen by some as „providing hygienic or prophylactic benefits“ though accepted that „opinions are divided.“

    The judge concluded that although „both involve significant harm, there is a very clear distinction in family law between FGM and male circumcision.“

    Prior to a change in the case pressed by the local authority, the children’s case would have depended upon G’s Type IV FGM, despite the fact that „on any objective view it might be thought that G would have had subjected to a process much less invasive, no more traumatic (if, indeed, as traumatic) and with no greater long-term consequences, whether physical, emotional or psychological, than the process to which B has been or will be subjected.“

    Much discussion in court centred over whether G had a small scar on her genitals or not, which led Sir James to discuss the relative severity of this variety of Type IV female genital mutilation and male circumcision.

    Making suggestions for the future, Sir James drew attention to a „dearth of medical experts“ in paediatric FGM and noted the importance of „knowledge and understanding of the classification and categorisation of the various types of FGM.“

    [ Richter Munby empfiehlt uns lediglich immer mehr „Kenntnis und Verständnis“ zur weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung … und schließt die Akte. ]

    http://www.secularism.org.uk/news/2015/01/fgm-court-judgement-raises-questions-about-fgm-and-male-circumcision-in-the-uk

    :::

    National Secular Society 12.12.2014

    House of Lords debates FGM and Sharia Law in the UK

    On Thursday 11 December, there were debates in the House of Lords on female genital mutilation (FGM) and the „impact of Sharia Law on the United Kingdom.“ […]

    Baroness Tonge, an honorary associate of the NSS, spoke of how FGM „causes untold physical damage to a woman“ and equated the practice to a family member sexually abusing a young girl. Lady Tonge called for parents to be prosecuted if their child is the victim of FGM. […]

    http://www.secularism.org.uk/news/2014/12/house-of-lords-debates-fgm-and-sharia-law-in-the-uk

    (The full text of the debates can be read here.)

    Sharia Law

    Question for Short Debate

    Asked by Baroness Flather

    https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141211-gc0001.htm#14121139000326

  16. Jacques Auvergne Says:

    Indonesia

    la más alta instancia religiosa, siguen siendo favorables a la ablación

    the largest, Nahdlatul Ulama, and the country’s top Islamic authority the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) are still in favour
    .
    .

    Las Naciones Unidas la condenan y el gobierno indonesio trató una vez de prohibirla, pero la fuerte resistencia de las autoridades religiosas de este archipiélago del sureste asiático ha hecho imposible esta prohibición. […]

    Una opinión que comparte Jorirah Ali, miembro de la comisión nacional para prevenir y erradicar la violencia contra las mujeres. „Creo que en mi religión no hay ningún versículo que autorice la mutilación femenina, no está en el Corán“, declara esta mujer a la AFP. [ Islam funktioniert als Koran und Sunna … Hadith lesen. ]

    Pero la primera organización musulmana del país, Nahdlatul Ulama, y el Consejo de Ulemas, la más alta instancia religiosa, siguen siendo favorables a la ablación. [ NU & MUI ]

    Pese a las oposiciones, el fin de la mutilación genital femenina tiene pocas posibilidades de darse en Indonesia, dice a la AFP Jurnalis Uddin, experta en mutilaciones genitales femeninas. „Querer librarse totalmente de esta práctica es como nadar contra corriente“, destaca.

    La mutilación genital femenina, una pesadilla para millones de niñas en Indonesia | (AFP) | Redacción 180 (Montevideo, Uruguay) 27.03.2017

    http://www.180.com.uy/articulo/67476_la-mutilacion-genital-femenina-una-pesadilla-para-millones-de-ninas-en-indonesia

    ::

    Vgl. oben spanisch;
    englisch ebenfalls am 27.03.2017

    .

    […] The country’s second-biggest Muslim organisation, Muhammadiyah, discourages its followers from partaking in circumcision but the largest, Nahdlatul Ulama, and the country’s top Islamic authority the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) are still in favour. […]

    Jurnalis Uddin, an expert on female circumcision from Jakarta-based Yarsi University, and a member of the government’s advisory council, said the focus should be on encouraging the less harmful methods.

    „To get rid of the practice completely is like swimming against the current,“ he told AFP.

    Indonesian girl howls through circumcision as debate heats up | by: AFP | Daily Mail / Mail online 27.03.2017

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-4351970/Indonesian-girl-howls-circumcision-debate-heats-up.html

    Prof. Dr. Jurnalis Uddin, dosen Anatomi.

    ___ps://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yayasan_YARSI

    Jurnalis Uddin

    https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurnalis_Uddin

    ::

    Prof Jurnalis Uddin, Ketua Yayasan YARSI membahas panduan Kementrian Kesehatan Indonesia tentang khitan perempuan serta membandingkannya dengan kategori khitan perempuan WHO.

    ___ps://www.facebook.com/SBS.Radio.Indonesian/posts/296808373778733

    ::

    .

    Profil Prof. Dr. Jurnalis Uddin „Sunat Perempuan: Antara Agama dan Ilmu Kedokteran“

    Jurnal Perempuan

    Prof. Dr. Jurnalis Uddin adalah seorang spesialisasi anatomi, Guru Besar di Fakultas Kedokteran YARSI, sekaligus Ketua Yayasan YARSI. Ia juga menjabat Ketua Pusat Studi Wanita YARSI yang sekarang berubah nama menjadi Lembaga Studi Kependudukan dan Gender.

    Prof. Jurnalis Uddin sempat memenuhi ruang media di awal tahun 2013 atas hasil penelitiannya tentang sunat perempuan. Melalui penelitian tersebut Jurnalis Uddin menyatakan dukungannya terhadap Amnesty International yang melarang keras praktik sunat perempuan. Jurnalis Uddin tidak setuju dengan Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan tahun 2010 mengenai tata laksana khitan perempuan, yang justru memperbesar resiko kerugian pada perempuan yang dikhitan. Ia bahkan mendesak Kementerian Kesehatan segera mencabut peraturan Menteri Kesehatan tentang khitan perempuan. MUI kemudian merespons keras pendapatnya tersebut, dan justru memberi anjuran kepada masyarakat untuk melakukan khitan perempuan.

    Baca selengkapnya di JP Edisi 77 „Agama dan Seksualitas“ ___p://www.jurnalperempuan.org/toko-jp.html

    .
    .
    [ Ab hier mein Kommentar von vor einem Jahr ]
    .
    .

    Schafiitisch Junge oder Mädchen, unbeschnitten ist haram:

    „According to religion, an uncircumcised girl is considered dirty.”

    Alles wird gut (alles ist halal), das Volk hat verstanden. Wenn da nicht diese Vereinten Nationen wären und der jährliche sechste Februar. Man wisse um die sunat perempuan und verliere nicht sein Gesicht. Man kultiviere das tosende Blabla:

    „Former First Lady Sinta Nuriyah Wahid advocates for the elimination of FGM during a UNFPA conference in Jakarta.“

    Die einstige First Lady oder Ibu Negara, Landesmutter, war Ehefrau des 2009 verstorbenen indonesischen Politikers und Staatspräsidenten von 1999 bis 2001 Abdurrahman Wahid genannt Gus Dur. Dessen Großvater hatte die sunnitisch-schafiitische Nahdlatul Ulama (NU, nahḍatu l-ʿulamāʾ „Wiedererwachen der Gelehrten“) gegründet, die oft als antifundamentalistisch missverstanden wird und für allmähliche (und selbstredend globale) totalitäre Islamisierung steht. Zwischen 1984 und 1999 leitete Abdurrahman Wahid das Exekutivkomitee der NU. Mit einer Mitgliedschaft von über 30 Millionen Menschen ist die NU die größte schariatreue (islamische) NGO der Erde.

    “There really is no religious postulate for female circumcision, neither from the Al Quran nor from the Prophet’s sayings”

    Islamschönlügnerin Wahid am 17.09.2016 zu den Teilnehmern eines Seminars der UNFPA über die FGM in Jakarta, Tagungstitel: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Discussions from Social-Cultural and Health Perspectives.
    ::
    ::

    UNFPA Indonesia

    Changing the Dialogue: Speaking Out Against Female Genital Mutilation in Indonesia

    03.02.2016

    JAKARTA, Indonesia – “The day before I was discharged by the midwife, my daughter was circumcised. She is now three weeks old. When she becomes an adult, she will pray five times a day and read the Al Quran,“ says Rosa, a young woman living in Jakarta, before expressing a common misconception in the country. „According to religion, an uncircumcised girl is considered dirty.”

    In many regions of Indonesia, the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) is centuries old and deeply seeded, and many, like Rosa, mistakenly believe the procedure is a dictate of their religion.

    [Wieso mistakenly, fälschlich? Die FGM ist schafiitisch religiöse Pflicht und für die anderen Rechtsschulen mindestens ehrenwert.]

    The sixth of February marks the International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM, and this February, Indonesia’s former First Lady Sinta Nuriyah Wahid’s, a devout Muslim, is leading a growing chorus in the country speaking out to counter this misconception and end the practice of FGM, which is recognized internationally as a violation of human rights.

    Die sunat perempuan ist wadschib. Lügen ohne rot zu werden:

    “There really is no religious postulate for female circumcision, neither from the Al Quran nor from the Prophet’s sayings,” said Madame Wahid, as she explained to the attendees of a UNFPA seminar on FGM in Jakarta why none of her four daughters – or six granddaughters – have been subjected to the procedure. “Culture is the result of careful thoughts that start with the virtue of human dignity. A tradition that does not contribute to [this virtue] is not a tradition that should become part of the national culture.” […]

    this Monday, 8 February, Indonesia’s Minister for Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, Dr. Yohana Yambise will speak about the nation’s strengthened commitment to fighting the procedure at an International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM event at the United Nations in New York. […]

    http://indonesia.unfpa.org/news/2016/02/changing-the-dialogue-speaking-out-against-female-genital-mutilation-in-indonesia

    ::

    […] The Indonesian Commission for Child Protection (KPAI) has called on the government to do more against FGM, starting by taking a clear stance on the matter.

    KPAI commissioner Maria Ulfah Anshor previously pointed outthat FGM is a violation of Indonesia’s child protection law as well as a number of human rights principles and international conventions that Indonesia has ratified.

    Maria Ulfah said in September last year that the government should act quickly and decisively by providing “complete, honest and accurate information about opinions on and the effects of female circumcision, so that people can steer clear from this dangerous practice.”

    Indonesia’s Minister for Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, Yohana Yambise was slated attend a high-level event at the United Nations in New York on Monday to mark International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation, which falls on Feb. 6.

    The eradication of FGM by 2030 is part of the Sustainable Development Goals that world leaders, including the Indonesian government, agreed to last year.

    The fifth SDG, „Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls,“ specifically calls for the end of „all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere“ and the elimination of „all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilations.“

    Din Syamsuddin, chairman of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) and former longtime chairman of Muhammadiyah, is a member of the Sustainable Development Solution Network (SDSN), a UN initiative, representing the Islamic world.

    [Din Syamsuddin = Prof. Dr. KH. Muhammad Sirajuddin Syamsuddin]

    Adding to the confusion surrounding the government’s stance on the practice in Indonesia, MUI in 2008 issued a controversial fatwa that condoned FGM.

    The semi-official MUI is Indonesia’s top Islamic advisory body.

    Parents here mostly cite religious reasons for allowing the procedure, even as a growing number of religious leaders in Indonesia and elsewhere contend that there is no basis in Islam for FGM.

    (Unicef: 200 Million FGM Cases Worldwide, Many in Indonesia. The Jakarta Globe, 05.02.2016)

    http://jakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/unicef-200-million-fgm-cases-worldwide-many-indonesia/

    ::

    […] Jakarta. Din Syamsuddin, chairman of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), has been selected to become a member of the Sustainable Development Solution Network (SDSN), to represent the Islamic world in the United Nations initiative that has been supporting work on the 17 newly agreed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

    The former longtime chairman of Muhammadiyah, the nation’s second-largest socio-religious organization, was chosen in his capacity as a leader of the Religions for Peace organization, according to a press release by the Center for Dialogue and Cooperation Among Civilizations (CDCC), which he also chairs.

    The SDSN was launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2012 […]

    There are quite a few obstacles Indonesia will have to overcome to achieve any of the new SDGs, but Din could hit the ground running as his own MUI issued a controversial fatwa in 2008 condoning female genital mutilation (FGM), which is a direct challenge to development goal No. 5.

    Goal No. 5, „Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls,“ specifically calls for the end of „all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere“ and the elimination of „all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilations.“

    FGM, mainly carried out for religious reasons, remains widespread in Indonesia […]

    (MUI’s Din Syamsuddin Joins UN Quest for Sustainable Development. The Jakarta Globe)

    http://jakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/muis-din-syamsuddin-joins-un-quest-sustainable-development/

    ::

    Din Syamsuddin
    Prof. Dr. KH. Muhammad Sirajuddin Syamsuddin

    Chairman of Muhammadiyah (2005–present)

    Chairman of the Center for Dialogue and Cooperation Among Civilizations / CDCC (2007–present)

    Member, Strategic Alliance Russia-based Islamic World (2006–present)

    Member, UK-Indonesia Islamic Advisory Group (2006–present)
    Chairman, World Peace Forum / WPF (2006–present)

    Honorary President, World Conference on Religions for Peace / WCRP, based in New York (2006–present)

    Vice Chairman of the MUI (2005–2010)

    Vice Chairman of the Central Advisory Board of ICMI (2005–2010)

    Vice Secretary General, World Islamic People’s Leadership [ WIPL ], based in Tripoli

    Member, World Council of World Islamic Call Society, based in Tripoli

    https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Din_Syamsuddin

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Din_Syamsuddin#Being_Chairman_of_Indonesian_Ulema_Council_Center

    Din Syamsuddin

    Muhammad Sirajuddin Syamsuddin (* 31.08.1958) ist ein indonesischer Politiker und Hochschullehrer, der zahlreiche Ämter bekleidet und sich am interreligiösen Dialog beteiligt. Er ist der Vorsitzende der Muhammadiyah, der größten modernistischen islamischen Organisation in Indonesien, und Generalsekretär des Indonesischen Ulema-Rates. Im Juli 2010 wurde er als Vorsitzender der Muhammadiyah für weitere fünf Jahre wiedergewählt. Er lehrt als Professor für Islamic Political Thought (Islamisches politisches Denken) an der Nationalen Islamischen Universität in Jakarta und ist Vorsitzender des Zentrums für Dialog und Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Zivilisationen (Center for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilizations).

    Er studierte an der Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta und promovierte später an der Universität von Kalifornien, Los Angeles (UCLA) in den Vereinigten Staaten.

    2008 war er einer der Delegationsteilnehmer des 2. Seminars des Katholisch-Muslimischen Forums.

    Er gilt in verschiedenen Bereichen als eine der einflussreichsten Persönlichkeiten innerhalb der muslimischen Welt.

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Din_Syamsuddin

    ::

    Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI)

    Prof Din Syamsuddin Resmi Jadi Ketua Umum MUI Menggantikan Almarhum KH Sahal Mahfudz […] [Din replaced Sahal Mahfuz who died on 24.01.2014.]

    Ma’ruf Amin

    ::

    In November 2010, the Indonesian Ministry of Health passed a regulation [No. 1636/MENKES/PER/XI/2010 regarding “Female Circumcision”] legitimizing the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) and authorizing medical professionals to perform it.

    http://www.equalitynow.org/take_action/fgm_action431

    ::

    Patricia Tobon
    Patrícia Tobón Yagarí
    Maria Patrícia Tobón Yagarí

    http://www.un.org/spanish/News/story.asp?newsID=34401#.VrqystJ5N30

    ::

    [Wie denn nun, war Minister Heru P. Kasidi anwesend oder nicht, wenn ja, was hat er gegen die islamische FGM gesagt?]

    Indonesia’s Deputy Minister for Gender Equality Dr. Heru P. Kasidi and Patricia Tobón Yagarí, an Embera indigenous lawyer from Colombia.

    http://www.unfpa.org/es/node/13874

    Indonesia’s Deputy Minister for Gender Equality Dr. Heru P. Kasidi

    http://www.unfpa.org/fr/node/13893

    2014

    Women’s Roles and Participation in REDD+ Focus of Indonesian Gender and REDD+ Dialogue Event

    A dialogue event was held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 17 June 2014 on the topic of “Achieving Gender Equality in REDD+ Implementation”.

    Dr. Heru P. Kasidi, Deputy Minister for Gender Mainstreaming in Politics, Social and Law

    http://un-redd.org/Newsletter2014Issue3/IndonesianGenderREDD/tabid/133458/Default.aspx

    Dr. Heru KASIDI, Deputy, Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, Indonesia

    http://www.oecd.org/globalrelations/OECD_SEA_Regional_Forum_AGENDA.pdf

    2007
    Dr Heru P. Kasidi, Assistant to Deputy Minister for EVAW, Ministry of Women Empowerment of Indonesia.

    http://unwomen-eseasia.org/News/Unifem_and_thai_gov_pressrelease.html

    ::

    [Die Ministerin heißt Yembise. Nicht Yambise. Aber wie denn nun, hat sich Ministerin Yembise im Februar 2016 in New York gegen die islamische FGM positioniert oder nicht?

    Mea culpa oder so, keine Fragen stellen, sondern sorgsam dosiert Ehre entbieten. Das Gesicht wahren.

    Wie geht es Ihren Kindern, ist die Kleine schon beschnitten?]

    […] Indonesia’s Minister for Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, Dr. Yohana S. Yambise, and Patricia Tobón Yagarí, an Emberá indigenous lawyer from Colombia.

    (UNFPA zur diesjährigen Schönsprechveranstaltung International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM))

    http://www.unfpa.org/events/international-day-zero-tolerance-female-genital-mutilation

    Yohana Yembise
    Yohana Susana Yembise

    https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yohana_Yembise

    Yohana is first female Papuan minister

    (The Jakarta Post, 28.10.2014)

    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/10/28/yohana-first-female-papuan-minister.html

    Yohana Susana Yembise: A first for Papua

    (The Jakarta Post, 26.04.2013)

    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/04/26/yohana-susana-yembise-a-first-papua.html

    ::

    Nur Bewusstsein schaffen (raise awareness) soll reichen? Fordert die Ministerin, auch entgegen der schafiitischen Normativität (Scharia), die Mädchen wirklich gar nicht mehr zu beschneiden? FGM (sunat perempuan) ist Alltag, welche der existierenden Regelungen (regulations) also findet Menteri Yohana prima?

    Welche Anordnungen zur Islamic FGM sollen den Leuten 2016 bewusst (aware) gemacht werden? Wie viele weitere Jahre soll sich die indonesische Regierung irgendwie vorwärts (forward) bewegen? Was für einen Erfolg haben die durchgeführten staatlichen Programme (programs) denn gehabt?

    “In most cases, people aren’t even aware of the existence of regulations on FGM,” said Yohana Yembise. “Moving forward the Government will continue to conduct programmes to raise awareness among the medical and health workers to stop practicing any forms of FGM procedures.”

    Und wirklich jedwede (any) Form von FGM? Verstümmelung (mutilation) definiert durch MUI, Indonesiens Madschlis der Ulama?

    http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=53186#.Vrq7TdJ5N31

    http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2016/02/un-event-mobilizes-action-toward-ending-female-genital-mutilation/

    Menteri Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak

    Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection, Joan Yembise

    Minister für Women Empowerment und Kinderschutz, Johana Yembise

    ::

    […] The royal families of Java also employed a non-Arabic word for FGC such as kres or tetesan (‘pricking’). Among the orthodox Muslims, the term sunat perempuan or khitan perempuan (‘female circumcision’) is more commonly used, until today. […]

    The overwhelming majority of Muslims in Southeast Asia follow the Shafii school of law, which declares FGC as wajib, or obligatory.[…]

    Today, in Southeast Asian society, we are witnessing a growing trend towards institutionalising and medicalising FGC. In 2008, the Ministry of Health in Malaysia reported that 88 percent of their female staff had their daughters circumcised by doctors in the private practice. Another study in Indonesia revealed that 65 percent of FGC was performed in hospitals. In Singapore, a woman Muslim doctor admits to “circumcising five to six patients a day”, mostly babies and prepubescent children.

    In late 2006, the Ministry of Health in Indonesia banned doctors from performing the procedure based on the grounds that it was “potentially harmful”, but this ban was not enforced. Hospitals continue to offer sunat perempuan for baby girls, sometimes as part of “birth packages” which also included vaccinations and ear piercing. Yayasan Assalaam, an Islamic foundation that runs a mosque and several schools, also links the practice to celebrating the birthday of Prophet Muhammad, and even provides incentives like money and food to parents who bring their daughters to their annual sunat ceremony.

    In Malaysia, the Fatwa Committee of Malaysia’s National Council of Islamic Religious Affairs ruled in 2009 that female circumcision, was “obligatory for Muslims but if harmful must be avoided”. More recently, in Indonesia, the Indonesian Council of Ulema ruled in favour of female circumcision and added that although it cannot be considered mandatory, it is still “morally recommended”. The leader of this council however warned to avoid “excesses” in the removal or cutting of the clitoris — […]. A similar advice is given by the Islamic Religious Authority of Singapore on their website. […]

    (“A Tiny Cut”: Female Circumcision in South East Asia. Von: Sya Taha, 12.03.2013)

    http://theislamicmonthly.com/a-tiny-cut-female-circumcision-in-south-east-asia/

    ::

    the „tetesan“ – as it is called in the country […] The the Muslim intellectual Sumanto Al Qurtuby says the faction that supports tetesan is linked to the Salafi and Wahhabi [also ziemlich genau der hanbalitische Fiqh] community, which together with other fundamentalist groups are concentrated in Bandung and Aceh. They believe that circumcision is „morally“ encouraged by Sharia, or Islamic law, and reiterated in the hadith, in anecdotes related to the life of the Prophet Muhammad. […]

    The author of this article in his youth, when he was about eight years old, witnessed firsthand circumcision practiced on a young girl, forced by her parents (Muslims) to submit to the „Islamic ritual.“ Rather than doing it in a private and appropriately sterilized room – as I recall – the act of female circumcision was carried out in the open air, her feet on the ground, while the genital organ was removed with a razor blade. The little girl began to scream in pain, as a stream of blood oozed from the wound. At the end of the rite, I remember that the family offered a kind of celebration of the „thank you“ to neighbors, for taking part in the „Islamic ritual.“

    An opinion poll carried out by the government in 2003 confirmed that the practice of female genital mutilation is still widespread in rural areas. […]

    (Mathias Hariyadi: Java, radical Islam in favor of female genital mutilation. AsiaNews (katholisch), 12.07.2012)

    http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Java,-radical-Islam-in-favor-of-female-genital-mutilation-26563.html

    ::

    […] The sixth of February marks the International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM, and this February, Indonesia’s former First Lady Sinta Nuriyah Wahid’s, a devout Muslim, is leading a growing chorus in the country speaking out to counter this misconception and end the practice of FGM, which is recognized internationally as a violation of human rights.

    “There really is no religious postulate for female circumcision, neither from the Al Quran nor from the Prophet’s sayings,” said Madame Wahid, as she explained to the attendees of a UNFPA seminar on FGM in Jakarta why none of her four daughters – or six granddaughters – have been subjected to the procedure. “Culture is the result of careful thoughts that start with the virtue of human dignity. A tradition that does not contribute to [this virtue] is not a tradition that should become part of the national culture.” […]

    “Many countries have passed laws to criminalize FGM; however, legislation alone cannot solve the problem,” sayid Dr. Ahmed Ragaa Abdel-Hameed Ragab, a professor from the International Islamic Centre for Population Studies and Research at Cairo’s Al-Azhar University. “FGM can only be abolished by a grass-roots approach that involves community education and takes into consideration all aspects of a particular culture and tries to work within that system of beliefs to eradicate this practice.”

    In 2014, researchers at Jakarta’s YARSI University conducted a study along with UNFPA to better understand FGM practices throughout the country and help develop a new, more comprehensive plan to eliminate the procedure. Then in September 2015, UNFPA convened the seminar in Jakarta, attended by Madame Wahid and nearly 100 others, entitled Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Discussions from Social-Cultural and Health Perspectives. […]

    http://www.unfpa.org/fr/node/13893

    ::

    [Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Discussions from Social-Cultural and Health Perspectives. UNFPA-Seminar zur FGM. Jakarta am 17.09.2015, Jakarta on 17 Sept.]

    […] Prof. Jurnalis Uddin from YARSI University Indonesia presented findings from a study, which was supported by UNFPA Indonesia, aimed at determining whether the 2010 government regulation on female circumcision had been effective as a harm-reduction strategy. Women, men, midwives, traditional practitioners, religious leaders and Islamic jurists were approached to obtain a better understanding of their knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding FGM/C.

    “FGM/C can only be abolished by a grassroots approach which involves community education and takes into consideration all aspects of a particular culture and tries to work within that system of beliefs to eradicate this practice,” explained Prof. Ahmed Ragaa Abd El-Hameed Ragab from the International Islamic Center for Population Studies and Research (IICPSR) at Al Azhar University in Egypt during his presentation, where he discussed FGM/C from the context of health, religion and culture.

    “Many countries have passed laws to to criminalize FGM/C , among them Egypt. However, legislation alone cannot solve the problem. The IICPSR at Al-Azhar University was founded in 1975 to disseminate the true stand of Islam regarding issues of reproductive health and explored the issue from an Islamic perspective and published several publications addressing it. In addition, IICPSR designed and implemented several programmes in Egypt and Somalia to eradicate this practice.” […]

    Former first lady and human rights activist H.E. Madame Sinta Nuriyah Wahid discussed some of the traditional motives and Islam and FGM/C procedures in Indonesia during her keynote speech, adding that she hoped the seminar would start a conversation.

    Sinta, who raised four daughters with the late fourth president of Indonesia, Abdurrahman ‘Gus Dur’ Wahid, described how her children grew up in a traditional pesantren (Islamic boarding school) environment. Their grandfather, Wahid Hasyim, was a religious affairs minister in the Sukarno era and their great-grandfather, Hasyim Asy’ari, founded Nahdlatul Ulama – currently the biggest religious organization in the country.

    Despite this, none of Sinta’s daughters or six granddaughters was subjected to the treatment, which many in Indonesia strongly believe is an integral part of the faith.

    “There really is no religious postulate for female circumcision, neither from the Koran nor from the prophet’s sayings,” explained Sinta during her keynote address, with various religious experts at the seminar concurring. “That is why I am confident that the nahdliyin [followers of NU] will not circumcise their daughters. I hope this seminar will contribute to ideas and recommendations of action to reduce the practice of female circumcision.” […]

    UNFPA

    http://indonesia.unfpa.org/news/2015/09/fgm-in-indonesia-discussions-from-a-social-cultural-and-health-perspective-

    .
    .
    .

    Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) verlangt sunat perempuan
    Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) verlangt sunat perempuan

    FGM? Aberdashatnichtsmitdemislamzutun …

  17. Cees van der Duin Says:

    Andschuman-e-Nadschmi-Moschee (Detroit) 11.05.2016

    „You are strictly directed not to engage in khafd.“

    _ _ _

    Sahiyo‏ @sahiyo2016

    Detroit jamaat says no to khatna, but Syedna says yes to khatna in Mumbai. If ur Bohra & confused, go with Detroit!

    _ _ _

    _ _ _
    _ _ _

    „You are strictly directed not to engage in khafd.“

    ___p://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2017/04/22/female-genital-mutilation-victims-michigan/100690792/

  18. Cees van der Duin Says:

    ::

    US Doctors Of Indian-Origin Fakhruddin Attar And Jumana Nagarwala, Indicted In Female Genital Mutilation Case

    indiatimes 27.04.2017

    (…) Fakhruddin graduated from the Baroda Medical College in Gujarat, India in 1988.

    The charges say that Nagarwala used to perform the medical procedure on minor girls at Burhani Medical Clinic (BMC) in Michigan that was owned and operated by Fakhruddin. Fakhruddin’s wife was employed at BMC as an officer manager.

    The complaint against the Attars said that the couple arranged and assisted in the female genital mutilation of minor females performed by Nagarwala. While they allowed their clinic to be used by Nagarwala to perform the procedures, Farida assisted Nagarwala during the female genital mutilation procedures. (…)

    http://www.indiatimes.com/news/world/us-doctors-of-indian-origin-fakhruddin-attar-and-jumana-nagarwala-indicted-in-female-genital-mutilation-case-276529.html

  19. vis-à-vis Says:

    Khatna. Islamic FGM is the surgical removal of a portion of genitalia

    “ they claim it is an Islamic religious practice “

    They are right.

    hijab is an Islamic religious practice
    nine years old child bride is an Islamic religious practice
    polygamy is an Islamic religious …
    talaq is an Islamic …
    stoning is an …
    establishing a caliphate is an Islamic …
    killing the apostates is an Islamic religious …
    jihad is an Islamic religious practice

    sunat perempuan is an Islamic religious …
    khitan wanita is an …
    khitan al-inath …

    FGM is an Islamic religious practice

    “ She denies any wrongdoing and claims she was performing a religious practice for families in a Muslim sect “

    From an Islamic point of view she is right, … = NO wrongdoing

    from the perspective of universal human rights = wrongdoing
    in line with medical ethics or not = wrongdoing
    from the perspective of US American Law = wrongdoing

    “ doctors reports obtained by the Detroit Free Press indicate the children suffered more severe injuries including scarring, a small tear, lacerations and what appeared to be the surgical removal of a portion of genitalia. “

    I say …

    GUILTY

    __________

    ( Why haven’t the parents also been charged? )

    Two Detroit doctors and a woman are charged over genital mutilation of two seven-year-old girls – but they claim it is an Islamic religious practice and no crime was committed

    By: Emily Crane For Dailymail.com

    MailOnline (The Daily Mail) 27.04.2017

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4451786/Three-charged-genital-mutilation-two-young-girls.html

  20. vis-à-vis Says:

    Three Michigan medical professionals were indicted

    Attorney Mary Chartier for doctor says client „being persecuted because of their religious beliefs“

    Mary Chartier: “I do believe that the government does not fully understand the religious practices of Dr. Attar and Dr. Attar’s religion, and I think that’s why we are in this courthouse today, and what we’ll be fighting over for the next few months.”
    .
    .
    .

    […] The Attars […] hearing was postponed until May 3.

    Dr. Attar’s attorney Mary Chartier, who spoke to reporters after Wednesday’s initial appearance, said her client is „not aware of any crimes committed at his clinic“ and that „what happened at the clinic was not FGM.“ […]

    Mary Chartier said that at the heart of her client’s defense is a misunderstanding over his religious practice. When asked to clarify what that practice was, she did not respond.

    „I do believe that the government does not fully understand the religious practices of Dr. Attar and Dr. Attar’s religion, and I think that’s why we are in this courthouse today, and what we’ll be fighting over for the next few months,“ Mary Chartier said.

    „They have a religious belief to practice their religion. And they are Muslims and they’re being under attack because of it. I believe that they are being persecuted because of their religious beliefs and I do not make that allegation lightly,“ Mary Chartier said.

    Farida Attar’s attorney, Matt Newburg, did not speak to reporters following the hearing. Over the weekend, he told CNN his „client has not admitted guilt.“ […]

    The Detroit Free Press reported that at the hearing that Smith said her client removed membrane from the girls‘ genital area using a „scraper“ as part of a religious practice. […]

    Prosecutor: ‚Brutal‘ genital mutilation won’t be tolerated in US (Achja, Herr oder Frau Prosecutor, meinen Sie dieses: Die deutlich weniger brutale FGM oder die unzweideutig nichtbrutale FGM möge zeitnah toleriert werden in den USA …?) | by: Mayra Cuevas and Sonia Moghe, CNN | Updated 0103 GMT (0903 HKT) 27.04.2017

    http://edition.cnn.com/2017/04/26/health/fgm-indictment-michigan/

    __
    __

    […] Indeed: the government is likely clueless as to the Islamic justifications for female genital mutilation. Chartier is getting right to the heart of the matter: apparently she intends to argue that female genital mutilation (contrary to constantly repeated establishment media myth) is justified in Islam, and that therefore Dr. Attar was just exercising his freedom of religion. If that is really what she intends to do, this will become a test case for the spread of Sharia practices in the U.S.: either Muslims will be allowed to violate existing U.S. laws under the rubric of the freedom of religion, or they will be called upon to obey U.S. laws even when those laws conflict with the teachings of Islam. If the court rules for the latter, the U.S. will have a chance to continue to exist as a free society. If the court rules for the former, it will be opening the door to all manner of jihad activity and Sharia practices that violate laws regarding equality of rights and equality of access to services, and no one will be able to say a word against the spread of Sharia in the U.S.

    “They have a religious belief to practice their religion. And they are Muslims and they’re being under attack because of it. I believe that they are being persecuted because of their religious beliefs and I do not make that allegation lightly,” Chartier said….

    No, they’re “being under attack” for mutilating girls’ genitals. But Chartier is right: female genital mutilation is indeed sanctioned in Islam. “Circumcision is obligatory (for every male and female) (by cutting off the piece of skin on the glans of the penis of the male, but circumcision of the female is by cutting out the bazr ‘clitoris’ [this is called khufaadh ‘female circumcision’]).” — ‘Umdat al-Salik e4.3, translated by Mark Durie, The Third Choice, p. 64

    Why is it obligatory? Because Muhammad is held to have said so: “Abu al- Malih ibn Usama’s father relates that the Prophet said: ‘Circumcision is a law for men and a preservation of honour for women.’” — Ahmad Ibn Hanbal 5:75

    “Narrated Umm Atiyyah al-Ansariyyah: A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to her: ‘Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.’” — Abu Dawud 41:5251

    “Do not cut severely,” but not “Do not cut.”

    That’s why it is so common around the world. A Muslim cleric in Russia said that “all women should be circumcised.” A Muslim cleric in India likewise urged that it be done. A Muslim cleric in Australia said that Islamic law permitted the practice. A leading U.S. Muslim jurist from the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America (AMJA) said it was an “honor” in Islam. A marabout — a Muslim holy man — was arrested in France for having it done on his daughters. In the UK, there were 5,500 cases of FGM in 2016 alone. It is commonly claimed to be an East African problem, but 93% of Muslim women in Malaysia have suffered this procedure, and it is common in Indonesia. In one province in Iran, 60% of the women have suffered FGM.

    It is certain to become increasingly common in the United States. And if Mary Chartier succeeds, it will become legal, as a matter of freedom of religion. This case bears close watching. […]

    Michigan: Lawyer says doctors accused of FGM are “Muslims and they’re being under attack because of it” | By: Robert Spencer | Jihad Watch 27.04.2017

    https://www.jihadwatch.org/2017/04/michigan-lawyer-says-doctors-accused-of-fgm-are-muslims-and-theyre-being-under-attack-because-of-it

    __
    __

    it is irrelevant why she did it!

    FGM is against the law of the land and for that she must be punished!

    Strip of her medical licence (…)

  21. Islam & Female Genital Mutilation · images & impressions Says:

    Hukum Khitan Bagi Wanita – Ustadz Firanda Andirja, MA

    Ust Azhar Idrus- Khitan Anak Perempuan

    Sunat Perempuan Nazira Naella Putri

  22. Edward von Roy Says:

    ·

    Auch der US-Bundesstaat Michigan wird vielleicht schon bald ein Gesetz gegen FGM haben.

    Stellt sich die Frage, ob wirklich jeder FGM-Typ (im Sinne der WHO-Klassifikation) verboten und bestraft werden wird oder man, dann durchaus im Sinne von Kavita Shah Arora und Tatjana Hörnle, die religiöse (islamische) teilweise oder vollständige Klitorisvorhautamputation (FGM Typ Ia) oder ein religiöses (islamisches) genitales Einstechen, Beraspeln, Beschaben, Bekratzen (zu FGM Typ IV) integriert wissen möchte in Pursuit of Happiness, The Land Of The Free, The American Dream.

    Die schafiitischen Rechtsgelehrten fordern die Beschneidung des Kindes und unterscheiden hier gar nicht zwischen Junge und Mädchen.

    Jede FGM muss verboten bleiben, auch die islamische Chatna des Mädchens oder der Frau (chitan al-inath), etwa als die sogenannte milde Sunna.

    ·

    Sen. Rick Jones, R-Grand Ledge, said the proposal was prompted by the unfolding story of charges filed against Northville Dr. Jumana Nagarwala. […]

    Bill co-sponsor Sen. Tonya Schuitmaker, R-Lawton, called it an act of “barbarism” and said the legislation would make sure that those who cut girls’ genitals “receive the justice they deserve.”

    Lawmakers want to outlaw female genital mutilation | By: Michael Gerstein | The Detroit News Published 27.04.2017

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2017/04/27/genital-mutilation-michigan-outlaw/100997328/

    ·
    ·

    State Senator
    Rick Jones

    Senate legislation outlaws female genital mutilation in Michigan

    26.04.2017

    […] Senate Bill 337 would establish the crime, while SB 338 would provide the necessary sentencing guidelines. The bills are expected to be formally read in on Thursday.

    “Female genital mutilation is a horrible procedure that permanently deforms girls and stands against the rights of girls and women that so many have fought for in our country,” said Senator Margaret O’Brien, R-Portage, sponsor of SB 337. “We must put a stop to it.”

    According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, female genital mutilation refers to cutting and other procedures that injure the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

    The department states federal law prohibits anyone in the country from knowingly circumcising, excising or infibulating the genitals of any child under 18 years of age. Michigan would join at least 24 other states that have laws prohibiting the procedure.

    “There is no place for this type of barbarism in Michigan,” said Senator Tonya Schuitmaker, R-Lawton, a co-sponsor. “This legislation will help to ensure that those convicted of this heinous act receive the justice they deserve.”

    The bills stem from a recent case in which Michigan-based doctors were arrested and charged for allegedly conspiring to perform female genital mutilation on minors, according to the U.S. Department of Justice.

    “FGM is a violation of human rights. It is an extreme form of discrimination against girls and women and we want Michigan to join 24 states that have outlawed FGM,” said Senator Rick Jones, R-Grand Ledge, sponsor of SB 338. […]

    http://www.senatorrickjones.com/senate-legislation-outlaws-female-genital-mutilation-in-michigan/

    ·

    State Senator
    Margaret O’Brien

    http://www.senatormargaretobrien.com/senate-legislation-outlaws-female-genital-mutilation-in-michigan/

    ·

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

    Jede Veränderung oder Verletzung ist weibliche Genitalverstümmelung, FGM, also auch religiöses (islamisches) Stechen, Schaben, Kratzen, Raspeln am Geschlechtsorgan des Mädchens.

    (WHO)

    http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a practice that involves altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons, and it is internationally recognized as a human rights violation.

    (UNFPA)

    http://www.unfpa.org/female-genital-mutilation

    ·

  23. Eifelginster Says:

    Berlin 2013

    Femen gegen FGM

    .

    Kurzer Zwischenfall bei der Berlinale-Eröffnungsfeier: Aktivistinnen der ukrainischen Gruppierung „Femen“ protestierten auf dem Roten Teppich gegen weibliche Genitalverstümmelung, female genital mutilation (FGM).

    Klare Botschaft auf nacktem Oberkörper: Eine Femen-Aktivistin protestiert gegen Genitalverstümmelung

    .

    Femen Stages Topless Protest Against FGM Outside Parliament During Tour De France
    .

    .

    London 2014

    Femen gegen FGM

    Bare-breasted activists of feminist movement Femen protest demonstrate against FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) in Parliament Square, central London on July 7, 2014, on the afternoon the Tour de France visit London.

    .

    Islamic FGM in Michigan (2017)

    Hoffentlich ist jede Form der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung (FGM) gemeint, FGM Typ I (Ia, Ib), II, III, IV … Senatoren, die jetzt gesetzlich gegen die Mädchenbeschneidung vorgehen möchten, sind Rick Jones, Patrick Colbeck, Judy Emmons, Margaret O’Brien, Tonya Schuitmaker.

    Michigan Senators push to make female genital mutilation a felony

    http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2017/04/michigan_senators_push_to_make.html

    Wikipedia

    Jumana_Nagarwala

    wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    .
    .

    Verbreitung der FGM

    Vorab ein schlimmes Beispiel für eine ungeeignete Karte – die FGM, so wird suggeriert, sei ein rein afrikanisches Problem.

    Südostasien fehlt regelmäßig und meistens ist noch nicht einmal der Irak (Kurden, schafiitisch!) verzeichnet.

    .

    .

    Aktuelle Landkarten zeigen Peru und Kolumbien; den Iran und Irak, Malaysia und Indonesien (Indien und Pakistan (Dawudi Bohra!) sowie Thailand und Sri Lanka sollten nicht fehlen).

    .

    .

    Hier hingegen fehlen noch Kolumbien, Panama, Peru, nämlich die Gebiete der Emberá oder Embera – zu deren südlichen Untergruppen gehören die Chamí oder Chami

    .
    .

    Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    Jumana_Nagarwala

    .

    Doctors Jumana Nagarwala and Fakhruddin Attar, and Attar’s wife, Farida, are charged with female genital mutilation and conspiracy. The doctors are also charged with making false statements to investigators and trying to obstruct the investigation.

    http://www.abc12.com/content/news/Doctors-indicted-in-Detroit-area-genital-mutilation-probe-420565963.html

    .

    London 2014

    Femen Stages Topless Protest Against FGM Outside Parliament

    http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/07/07/femen-stage-topless-protest-against-fgm-outside-parliament-during-tour-de-france_n_5564167.html

    .

    Topless protest against Female Genital Mutilation outside Westminster Parliament.

    .

    .

    2013

    Topless protesters stormed the red carpet at the Berlin Film Festival opening

    .

  24. Wilm Hilversum Says:

    Erstmals in der Geschichte der USA beginnt im April 2017 ein Strafprozess nach 18 USC 116 (female genital mutilation), nachdem in Detroit, Michigan, die Ärztin Dr. Jumana Nagarwala sowie die Eheleute Attar angezeigt worden sind. Die drei Beschuldigten sind Angehörige der schiitischen Dawudi Bohra.

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weibliche_Genitalverst%C3%BCmmelung

    Jumana Nagarwala

    External Links and Further Reading

    The criminal complaint against Dr. Nagarwala

    The criminal complaint against Dr. Attar et al.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    Alle vier sunnitischen Rechtsschulen (Madhhab) befürworten die Beschneidung von Frauen. Die Schafiiten erklären sie explizit zur religiösen Pflicht. In den Ländern des Nahen Ostens und Ostafrikas, in denen die schafiitische Rechtsschule dominiert, ist die Beschneidung deshalb auch allgemein verbreitet. Auch einer überlieferten hanbalitischen Position zufolge ist die Beschneidung bei Frauen religiöse Pflicht. Für die Malikiten ist die Beschneidung Prophetentradition (sunna) und damit empfehlenswert, für die Hanafiten wie auch für manche Hanbaliten ist sie ehrenhaft (makruma).

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weibliche_Genitalverst%C3%BCmmelung#Vorkommen_im_Islam

    Ausbleibende Information zur Islamic FGM:

    5 Fragen – 5 Antworten zu weiblicher Genitalverstümmelung

    https://www.dsw.org/5-fragen-5-antworten-zu-weiblicher-genitalverstuemmelung/

    Weder sunnitisch-schafiitisch noch bei den schiitischen Dawudi Bohra wird in Bezug auf das Genitalbeschneiden (Genitalverstümmeln) zwischen Junge und Mädchen differenziert, Chatna ist absolute Pflicht (wadschib). Vom gegebenen Zusammenhang Islamisches Recht (Scharia) und Mädchenbeschneidung (FGM) keine Ahnung hat:

    Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevölkerung (DSW)

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deutsche_Stiftung_Weltbev%C3%B6lkerung

    Renate Bähr, Geschäftsführerin Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevölkerung

    https://www.cducsu.de/veranstaltungen/referenten/renate-baehr

    Weltweit sind laut einem Unicef-Bericht 200 Millionen Mädchen und Frauen Opfer von Genitalverstümmelungen. Auch in Deutschland gibt es Fälle. Mit einer bestimmten Religion haben die Beschneidungen nichts zu tun, sagt Renate Bähr, Geschäftsführerin der Stiftung Weltbevölkerung.

    Beschneidungen von Frauen und Mädchen können nach Ansicht der Geschäftsführerin der Stiftung Weltbevölkerung, Renate Bähr, nicht mit einer bestimmten Religion in Verbindung gebracht werden. Die Hälfte der Fälle weltweit komme in Äthiopien, Ägypten und Indonesien vor, sagte Bähr am Samstag im Deutschlandradio Kultur. „Sie sehen, das ist sowohl ein christlich geprägtes Land wie Äthiopien, als aber auch ein eindeutig islamisches Land. Womit auch klar ist: Man kann es einer Religion direkt nicht zuordnen.“ Die Beschneidungen von Frauen und Mädchen seien „ein Ausdruck von patriarchalischen Strukturen“. […]

    Keine Frage einer bestimmten Religion | Renate Bähr im Gespräch mit Axel Flemming | Deutschlandfunk Kultur 06.02.2016

    http://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/beschneidungen-von-frauen-und-maedchen-keine-frage-einer.1008.de.html?dram:article_id=344806

    Renate Bähr ist seit 2008 Geschäftsführerin der Stiftung Weltbevölkerung. Sie verfügt über langjährige Erfahrungen zu Themen der sexuellen und reproduktiven Gesundheit. Als Mitglied der deutschen Regierungsdelegation nahm sie an bedeutenden internationalen Konferenzen, unter anderem der Weltbevölkerungskonferenz von Kairo 1994, teil. 2012 wurde sie zum Mitglied der High Level Task Force for ICPD ernannt.

    http://www.huffingtonpost.de/renate-baehr/

    Renate Bähr | ICPD

    http://icpdtaskforce.org/member/renate-bahr/

    The High-Level Task Force for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD)

    http://icpdtaskforce.org/about/

    eliminate early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation within a generation

    http://icpdtaskforce.org/ending-violence-against-women-and-fulfilling-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-for-all/

    Die Weltbevölkerungskonferenzen (engl. International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD)) sind eine Reihe von der UNO veranstalteter Gipfel zu Fragen der Weltbevölkerung.

    Mit der High-Level Task Force for ICPD entstand im Oktober 2012 ein unabhängiges, internationales Gremium, das darauf hinwirkt, die Ziele der Kairoer Weltbevölkerungskonferenz in die Post-2015-Agenda zu integrieren.

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weltbev%C3%B6lkerungskonferenz

    SDGs

    Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung (englisch Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), französisch Objectifs de développement durable)

    Der offizielle Titel lautet Transformation unserer Welt: die Agenda 2030 für nachhaltige Entwicklung. Als Synonym zu den SDGs wird auch Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung, globale Nachhaltigkeitsagenda, 2030-Agenda bzw. Agenda 2030, Post-2015-Entwicklungsagenda und Weltzukunftsvertrag verwendet. Als weiteres Synonym wird Globale Ziele der UN verwendet.

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziele_f%C3%BCr_nachhaltige_Entwicklung

  25. Cees van der Duin Says:

    FBI installed spy cam days before mutilation
    Islamic FGM (female genital mutilation). The practice is known as “khatna” in the Dawoodi Bohra community

    “Chatna” (islamische FGM) trotz einer neun Tage eher durch das FBI installierten geheimen Überwachungskamera
    Detroit, Michigan, USA: Chatna (weibliche Genitalverstümmelung, FGM) an zwei Mädchen der schiitischen Dawudi Bohra
    .
    .

    Alleged mutilations proceeded despite surveillance

    By Robert Snell | The Detroit News 03.05.2017

    Published 12:01 a.m. ET May 3, 2017 | Updated 7 hours ago

    Detroit — FBI agents were unable to stop a doctor from allegedly mutilating the genitalia of 7-year-old girls at a Livonia clinic despite installing a secret video camera outside the facility days earlier […]

    Multiple sources confirmed agents installed the camera outside the Burhani Medical Clinic in Livonia on Jan. 25, nine days before two Minnesota girls allegedly were brought to Metro Detroit for a procedure practiced by members of their small Shia Muslim sect, the Dawoodi Bohra. […]

    Dr. Fakhruddin Attar is charged alongside his wife, clinic manager Farida Attar, and Northville Dr. Jumana Nagarwala. The trio is accused of female genital mutilation, conspiring to commit female genital mutilation and trying to cover up the crimes.

    The doctors face up to life in prison if convicted of conspiracy to transport minors with intent to engage in criminal sexual activity.

    The Attars are due in federal court at 1 p.m. Wednesday, when a magistrate judge could release the Farmington Hills couple on bond. Nagarwala, meanwhile, is being held without bond pending a June 27 trial. […]

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/05/03/nagarwala-genital-mutiliation-clinic-livonia-surveillance/101226050/

    ::
    ::

    [ Tell me lies / Tell me sweet little lies ]

    Qasim Rashid Visiting Fellow, Harvard University’s Prince Alwaleed bin Talal School of Islamic Studies:

    „The Muslim world and Muslim scholars have spoken loud and clear — FGM has nothing to do with Islam, and Islam has nothing to do with FGM.“

    Truth:
    FGM Is an Act of Islam — Not an Act of Misunderstanding Islam

    Taqiyya:
    FGM Is an Act of Terrorism — Not an Act of Islam

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/qasim-rashid/islam-female-genital-mutilation_b_4915939.html

    ::

    Subhi Hashwa, A student of Islamic studies

    First things first.

    Circumcision for a woman under Islam is not Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), circumcision in Islam refers to clitoral unhooding or clitoral hoodectomy, whereas FGM removes parts of the clitoris or the clitoris itself (clitoridectomy).

    The scholars agreed that circumcision for a woman is allowed but disagreed on whether it’s a obligation or something that is recommended as a prophetic guidance.

    ما حكم ختان البنات؟ – دار الإفتاء المصرية

    https://www.quora.com/Do-women-have-to-be-circumsized-under-Islamic-law

    […]

    ما حكم ختان البنات؟
    [ Chitan al-banat, ḫitān al-banāt, wörtlich Beschneidung der Töchter oder der Mädchen ((البنات), Tochter ist bint (بنت).

    Die islamische Mädchenbeschneidung heißt Chitan al-inath, ḫitān al-ināṯ (ختان الإناث) oder Chatna (ختنة) ḫatna, indonesisch und malaiisch: sunat perempuan bzw. sunat pada wanita, ferner sagt man ḫifāḍ bzw. ḫafḍ, wörtl. Einsenken oder Herabtiefen. ]

    […]

    الشيخ جاد الحق علي جاد الحق
    Ǧād al-Ḥaqq ʿAlī Ǧād al-Ḥaqq
    Scheich Dschad al-Haqq Ali Dschad al-Haqq

    Dschad al-Haqq Ali Dschad al-Haqq (geb. 5. April 1917 in Batra, Gouvernement ad-Daqahliyya; gest. 15. März 1996 in Kairo), nach ägyptischer Aussprache des Arabischen häufig auch Gad el-Hak bzw. Gad al-Haq Ali Gad al-Haq transkribiert, war von 1978 bis 1982 Großmufti von Ägypten und von 1982 bis 1996 Scheich al-Azhar. Während der 1980er Jahre war er der wichtigste und angesehenste offizielle Gelehrte Ägyptens.

    […]

    وفقه الإمام الشافعي (ج – 1 ص 297 من المهذب للشيرازي وشرحه المجموع للنووي) إن الختان واجب على الرجال والنساء.

    Islam, Rechtssprechung nach Imam asch-Schafii: „Die Beschneidung ist obligatorisch für Männer und Frauen.“

    وفقه الإمام أحمد بن حنبل (المغنى لابن قدامة ج – 1 ص 70 مع الشرح الكبيرة) إن الختان واجب على الرجال، ومكرمة في حق النساء وليس بواجب عليهن، وفي رواية أخرى عنه أنه واجب على الرجال والنساء كمذهب الإمام الشافعي.

    Islam, hanbalitisches Recht: Die Beschneidung ist eine Pflicht für die Männer und eine Ehre für die Frauen.

    […]

    فإنه أشرق للوجه وأحظى للزوج
    it brings more radiance to the face and it is more pleasant for the husband
    Das verursacht, dass ihr Gesicht strahlender aussehen wird und es ist erfreulicher für ihren Ehemann.
    Das lässt ihr Gesicht strahlender aussehen und gefällt eher ihrem Mann.

    [ ‚When you trim [when you do Islamic FGM] do it slightly and not excessively. This would bring beauty to a woman’s face and please her husband‘]

    لا تنهكي
    la tanhaki
    [aber] nicht zuviel; ohne zu übertreiben

    https://ar.beta.islamway.net/fatwa/15505/%D9%85%D8%A7-%D8%AD%D9%83%D9%85-%D8%AE%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%AA

    „يا أم حبيبة، إذا أنت فعلت فلا تنهكى، فإنه أشرق للوجه وأحظى للزوج“

    http://sudanforum.net/showthread.php?p=2390486

    ::

    .

    الشيخ جاد الحق علي جاد الحق
    Ǧād al-Ḥaqq ʿAlī Ǧād al-Ḥaqq
    Scheich Dschad al-Haqq Ali Dschad al-Haqq

    Dschad al-Haqq Ali Dschad al-Haqq (geb. 5. April 1917 in Batra, Gouvernement ad-Daqahliyya; gest. 15. März 1996 in Kairo), nach ägyptischer Aussprache des Arabischen häufig auch Gad el-Hak bzw. Gad al-Haq Ali Gad al-Haq transkribiert, war von 1978 bis 1982 Großmufti von Ägypten und von 1982 bis 1996 Scheich al-Azhar. Während der 1980er Jahre war er der wichtigste und angesehenste offizielle Gelehrte Ägyptens.

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dsch%C4%81d_al-Haqq_%CA%BFAl%C4%AB_Dsch%C4%81d_al-Haqq

    ::

    Hadith.
    The Prophet said to Umm Atiyya, or: to Umm Habiba:

    أشمِّي ولا تنهَكي
    ašimmī wa-lā tanhakī
    [Cut] slightly and do not overdo it
    [Schneide] leicht und übertreibe nicht

    Or Muhammad said:

    اختفضن ولا تنهكن
    iḫtafiḍna wa-lā tanhikna
    Cut [slightly] without exaggeration
    Schneide [leicht] und ohne Übertreibung

    ::

    Hukum Khitan
    Sunat bagi Wanita

    .

    .

    Khitan Wanita
    Khitan pada Wanita

    .

    .

    khitan perempuan
    khitan bagi anak perempuan

    .

    .

    sunat perempuan

    .

    .

    Proses Khitan Anak Perempuan Tradisi Sunat Wanita dalam Islam

    .

    .

  26. Speramus Meliora • Resurget Cineribus Says:

    .

    .

    Detroit – A federal magistrate Wednesday ordered a Farmington Hills doctor and his wife jailed without bond pending trial, saying they are a danger to girls victimized in the country’s first female genital mutilation case.

    U.S. Magistrate Judge Elizabeth Stafford made the ruling after a two-hour hearing that featured defense attacks on the government’s evidence and provided new details on a case drawing international attention about a secretive, illegal procedure practiced by a small sect of Shia Muslims from India.

    Dr. Fakhruddin Attar and his wife, Farida Attar, did not react to the magistrate’s order, which deemed the couple a flight risk. They are accused of committing female genital mutilation, trying to cover up the crime and conspiring with Northville Dr. Jumana Nagarwala to cut girls as part of a procedure practiced by their religious and cultural community, the Dawoodi Bohra. […]

    Nagarwala also is being held without bond pending trial. […]

    Fakhruddin Attar’s lawyer Mary Chartier produced receipts showing the doctor was not at the clinic the night the girls allegedly were mutilated. […]

    “There is not one piece of evidence that Dr. Attar ever touched a child,” Chartier said.

    On Wednesday, lawyers for the Attars appeared to adopt Nagarwala’s defense, saying the operation was a religious procedure, not mutilation. […]

    Judge locks up doctor, wife in genital mutilation case | By Robert Snell | The Detroit News 03.05.2017

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/05/03/doctor-wife-denied-bond-genital-mutilation/101257464/

    .

    .

    Nous espérons des temps meilleurs • Elle renaîtra des cendres
    We hope for better things • It will rise from the ashes

  27. Jacques Auvergne Says:

    Weibliche Genitalverstümmelung (FGM) unter Flüchtlingen in Griechenland: Opfer aus Pakistan und Indonesien?

    Ακρωτηριασμός γυναικείων γεννητικών οργάνων
    Ακρωτηριασμός των Γυναικείων Γεννητικών Οργάνων (ΑΓΓΟ)
    ΑΓΓΟ = FGM

    Ξένη Δημητρίου
    Xeni Dimitriou (Xenia Demetriou) Staatsanwältin

    Ξένια Δημητρίου
    Ξένη Δημητρίου Βασιλοπούλου

    Εισαγγελέας του Αρείου Πάγου
    SUPREME COURT

    https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%95%CE%B9%CF%83%CE%B1%CE%B3%CE%B3%CE%B5%CE%BB%CE%AD%CE%B1%CF%82_%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%85_%CE%91%CF%81%CE%B5%CE%AF%CE%BF%CF%85_%CE%A0%CE%AC%CE%B3%CE%BF%CF%85

    .

    Presseerklärung Supreme Court 03.05.2017

    Κατεπείγουσα έρευνα για ακρωτηριασμούς γεννητικών οργάνων κοριτσιών

    Τη διενέργεια προκαταρκτικής εξέτασης διέταξε ο προϊστάμενος της Εισαγγελίας Πρωτοδικών Ηλίας Ζαγοραίος κατόπιν παραγγελίας της εισαγγελέως του Αρείου Πάγου, Ξένης Δημητρίου, με αφορμή δημοσίευμα της εφημερίδας «Πρώτο Θέμα» για επεμβάσεις ακρωτηριασμού γεννητικών οργάνων ανήλικων κοριτσιών στην Ελλάδα.

    Σύμφωνα με το δημοσίευμα, μέλος ΜΚΟ που ασχολείται με πρόσφυγες και μετανάστες καταγγέλλει ότι δεκάδες κορίτσια, κάτω των 15 ετών, έχουν υποστεί ακρωτηριασμό σε διάφορες περιοχές της χώρας μας.

    Οι επεμβάσεις αυτές, έναντι αμοιβής σε όλη τη χώρα αλλά και στην Αθήνα, γίνονται χωρίς τήρηση κανόνων ασφαλείας και υγιεινής και χωρίς καν τη χρήση αναισθητικού. Σύμφωνα μάλιστα με την καταγγελία, στην Αθήνα και σε κάποια hot spots υπάρχει «ολόκληρη βιομηχανία» από τις «θεραπεύτριες» που αναλαμβάνουν να κάνουν τέτοιου είδους επεμβάσεις. […]

    Σύμφωνα με την παραγγελία της εισαγγελέως του Αρείου Πάγου, […]

    https://www.efsyn.gr/arthro/katepeigoysa-ereyna-gia-akrotiriasmoys-gennitikon-organon-koritsion

    .

    Εισαγγελική έρευνα για τις κλειτοριδεκτομές στην Αθήνα που αποκάλυψε το Πρώτο ΘΕΜΑ

    von: Vasiliki Kokkali (Βασιλική Κόκκαλη) | Proto Thema 03.05.2017

    […] Γίνεται σε κορίτσια που κατάγονται από το Πακιστάν, την Ινδονησία και άλλες χώρες. […] [ Mädchen aus Pakistan, Indonesien und anderen Ländern. ]

    http://www.protothema.gr/greece/article/676110/eisaggeliki-ereuna-gia-tis-kleitoridektomes-stin-athina-pou-apokalupse-to-proto-thema/

    Female genital mutilation in Greece!

    von: Thema Newsroom (Proto Thema) 26.04.2017

    http://en.protothema.gr/female-genital-mutilation-in-greece/

    .

    Prosecutor investigates claims of “genital mutilation” in refugee and migrant girls

    Keep Talking, Greece 03.05.2017

    […] According to the claims, dozens of girls under 15 underwent this torture. their parents hire either elderly midwives or unauthorized imams for a fee. The operations are performed without anesthesia, safety or hygiene rules. In some hot spots across the country, but also in Athens, a whole industry of such ‘therapists’ has been established, the NGO-member denounced. […]

    http://www.keeptalkinggreece.com/2017/05/03/prosecutor-investigates-claims-of-genital-mutilation-in-refugee-and-migrant-girls/

    .

    Areopag will gegen mögliche Genitalverstümmelung vorgehen

    Griechenland Zeitung 03.05.2017 | von Elisa Hübel

    Das griechische Höchstgericht, der Areopag, hat den Auftrag gegeben, eine Voruntersuchung wegen des Verdachts auf mögliche weibliche Genitalverstümmelung in Griechenland durchzuführen. Vorangegangen ist eine Reportage der Zeitung „Proto Thema“. Demnach sollen angeblich in Athen als auch in einigen Flüchtlingslagern Genitalverstümmelung an Mädchen bzw. jungen Frauen vorgenommen werden.

    Opfer seien nicht nur Menschen aus Afrika, sondern auch aus Pakistan und Indonesien. […] In Griechenland sowie in anderen Ländern der EU ist ein derartiges Vorgehen gesetzeswidrig. Die Staatsanwältin des Areopags Xeni Dimitriou sprach von „Brutalität, die vom griechischen Staat nicht toleriert wird.“

    https://www.griechenland.net/nachrichten/chronik/21740-areopag-will-gegen-m%C3%B6gliche-genitalverst%C3%BCmmelung-vorgehen

  28. Jacques Auvergne Says:

    لاَ تُنْهِكِي فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَحْظَى لِلْمَرْأَةِ وَأَحَبُّ إِلَى الْبَعْلِ‏
    Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.
    Schneid es nicht ganz weg, so ist es besser für die Frau und erfreut mehr den Mann.

    Narrated Umm Atiyyah al-Ansariyyah: A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.

    Sunan Abu Dawud 41:5251

    https://wikiislam.net/wiki/Qur%27an,_Hadith_and_Scholars:Female_Genital_Mutilation

    Sunan Abu Dawud : Dar-us-Salam reference / Hadith 5271

    Narrated Umm Atiyyah al-Ansariyyah:

    A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The Prophet (…) said to her:

    Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.

    Abu Dawud said: It has been transmitted by ‚Ubaid Allah b. ‚Amr from ‚Abd al-Malik to the same effect through a different chain. Abu Dawud said: It is not a strong tradition. It has been transmitted in mursal form (missing the link of the Companions) Abu Dawud said: Muhammad b. Hasan is obscure, and this tradition is weak.

    Dar-us-Salam reference
    Sunan Abu Dawud Hadith 5271

    Ahmad Hasan translation
    Hadith 5251

    USC-MSA web (English) reference
    Book 41, Hadith 5251

    http://quranx.com/Hadith/AbuDawud/USC-MSA/Book-41/Hadith-5251/

    82859: هل ورد حديث صحيح في ختان الإناث

    هل يوجد دليل كحديث صحيح ينص أن نبي الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أمر أو سمح لزوجاته أو بناته بالختان بأي شكل أو صفة ؟.

    https://islamqa.info/ar/82859

    (لا تنهكي“ فإن ذلك أحظى للمرأة وأحب إلى البعل)

    https://books.google.de/books?id=7CZJCwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=de#v=onepage&q&f=false

    Mohammed soll darauf entgegnet haben: »Aber ja, es ist erlaubt … wenn du schneidest, übertreibe aber nicht, denn es macht das Gesicht strahlender, und es ist angenehmer für den Ehemann.« Einer anderen Quelle zufolge habe er gesagt: »Schneid es nicht ganz weg, so ist es besser für die Frau und erfreut mehr den Mann.«

    Hurriya heißt Freiheit: Die arabische Revolte und die Frauen – eine Reise durch Ägypten, Tunesien und Marokko | von Necla Kelek (Autor)

    https://books.google.de/books?id=b05mAgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=de#v=onepage&q&f=false

    أبو الفرج ابن الجوزي
    Abū l-Faraǧ ibn al-Ǧauzī
    Ebu’l-Ferec İbnü’l Cevzî
    Abu’l-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi
    Abu l-Faradsch ibn al-Dschauzi

    [ Ibn al-Dschauzi († 1200), hanbalitischer Rechtsgelehrter, Autorität für Koranexegese (tafsīr), Interpret der Überlieferung (ḥadīṯ). ]

    Die Beschneidung ist Pflicht bei Mann und Frau.

    Über die Sitte der Beschneidung überliefert Abu Dawud in seinem Sunan einen Hadith von Umm ‚Atiyya al-Ansariyya:

    „In Medina gab es eine Frau, die beschnitt. Der Prophet, (…), sprach zu ihr:

    ‚Beschneide nicht viel! Das ist zum Vorteil der Frau und ist für den Mann anziehend.‘ “

    (Ibn al-Dschauzi: Das Buch der Weisungen für Frauen, Kitab ahkam al-nisa, Verlag der Weltreligionen, Seite 21)

    http://de.soc.weltanschauung.islam.narkive.com/IMHWBdYO/vorhaut-infos

    ::
    ::

    Abū l-Faraǧ Ibn al-Ǧauzī (1116-1200) ist Verfasser eines Werkes sunnitischer Sexualpolitik (šarīʿa, islām) namens »Kitāb aḥkam an-nisāʾ«, das inzwischen dank der Arbeit der Hannelies Koloska (Übersetzerin, Herausgeberin) als »Ibn al-Djauzī: Das Buch der Weisungen für Frauen« auch in Deutscher Sprache erscheinen konnte (Verlag der Weltreligionen im Insel Verlag, Frankfurt am Main und Leipzig 2009).

    Kapitel 6 Von der Beschneidung der Frau. Die Beschneidung ist Pflicht bei Mann und Frau. Über die Sitte der Beschneidung überliefert Abū Dāwūd in seinem Sunan einen Hadith von Umm ʿAṭiya al-Anṣārīya In Medina gab es eine Frau, die beschnitt. Der Prophet, Gott segne ihn und schenke ihm Heil, sprach zu ihr: »Beschneide nicht viel! Das ist zum Vorteil der Frau und ist für den Mann anziehend.« Überliefert von Anas: »Der Prophet … sprach zu Umm ʿAṭiya: Wenn du beschneidest, beschneide nur wenig, so wie du auch nur wenig Parfüm aufträgst! Es macht sie angesehener und ist genussvoller für den Ehemann.«

    Abū ʿUthmān al-Baṣrī sagte, dass der Grund, warum die Frauen ursprünglich beschnitten wurden, nicht darin lag, die Schönheit zu vergrößern, ohne das Begehren zu schwächen, sondern allein der war, ihre Sittsamkeit zu erhöhen. Der Gesandte Gottes … meinte mit seiner Rede: »Beschneide nicht viel!«, dass man vom Geschlecht der Frau nur so viel abschneide, dass es ihr zu einem Grad der Mäßigung verhelfe, denn wenn die Begierde gänzlich abnimmt, versiegt auch der Genuss. Solches aber führt zur Verminderung der Liebe zwischen den Eheleuten, die bekanntermaßen eine Fessel ist, welche die Unzucht abhält.

    Einige der ehrbaren Leute pflegten über die Beschneidung zu sagen: »Beschneide nur das, was sichtbar ist!«

    Die meisten Sittsamen sind beschnitten.

    Der Beweis, dass die Beschneidung eine Notwendigkeit ist, liegt in der Verletzung, die dadurch entsteht, und in der Entblößung der Scham. Wäre es nämlich keine Notwendigkeit, würde es keinen Spielraum dafür geben.

    Islam und FGM. Von deutschen Multikulturalisten wie Dr. Sabine Schiffer wird dieser Zusammenhang bar jeder nennenswerten Islamkenntnis schnatternd abgestritten, von Islamfunktionären wie Rüdiger-Nehberg-Seelsorger Tarafa Baghajati (1), Omar al-Rawi (2) von der Initiative muslimischer Österreicherinnen und Österreicher wie auch von Anas Shakfeh von der IGGiÖ aus geheiligt kalkulierter Lüge sprich taqiyya.

    FGM ist eben auch islamisch. Schariafreund Rüdiger Nehberg (3) ficht das alles nicht an (4). […]

    Das weibliche Recht auf Gehorsam | Den »Kitāb aḥkam an-nisāʾ« liest Jacques Auvergne (2009)

    https://jacquesauvergne.wordpress.com/2009/08/02/135/

  29. 1+1=2 Says:

    American feminists groups don’t seem to be worried at all about this practice

    … often … related to Islam
    .
    .
    .

    Ayaan Hirsi Ali: Culture ‚Never An Excuse‘ To Harm Girls With Genital Mutilation

    Human rights activist Ayaan Hirsi Ali reacted to a Detroit surgeon being charged with genital mutilation of a young girl in the ER. Ali, who was subjected to the grisly practice in Somalia, said Dr. Jumana Nagarwala must be punished for her alleged actions. She said young girls are taken either overseas or to states without a ban on the practice to have their private parts surgically mutilated. In Nagarwala’s case, a Minnesota girl was taken to Michigan because her home state banned the surgery. Ali said the reasoning for the operation, which suppresses libido and better ensures virginity, is often cultural or related to Islam. Tucker Carlson said every legislator and women’s rights group should be actively opposing the practice.

    Though there are federal laws governing the issue, Ali said there are 26 states without a ban on the operation. „We cannot sacrifice little girls on the altar of identity politics,“ she said, noting that it is often the obscene nature of the operation that makes discussion of it taboo. Ali said her „AHA“ foundation works to prevent the operation from continuing, and helps protect the half-million girls at risk of having it done to them.

    .

    .

    Tucker: Genital mutilation not important to US feminists

    A Detroit doctor, Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, has been charged with running a female genital mutilation racket, performing the procedure on girls as young as 6 to 8 years old. But American feminists groups don’t seem to be worried at all about this practice.

    .

    Two more Michigan doctors charged in female genital mutilation case

    DETROIT — Fakhruddin Attar, and his wife, Farida Attar, were arrested and charged with their alleged participation in a conspiracy to perform female genital mutilations on young girls, federal prosecutors say.

    .

    .

  30. Cees van der Duin Says:

    haram ki boti
    Sinful flesh, immoral lump of flesh — clitoris. The flesh that can lead a woman astray.
    Sündiges Fleisch, unmoralischer Fleischklumpen — Klitoris. Das Fleisch, das eine Frau vom rechten Weg abbringen kann.
    .
    .

    Mumbai – Bilqis ist Ärztin und hat dennoch ihre Tochter beschneiden lassen. Sie habe es aus Respekt vor ihrer Religion getan, sagt die 50-Jährige und ist sich heute nicht mehr sicher, ob sie damals die richtige Entscheidung traf. Sie gehört zu den Dawudi Bohras, einer ismailitischen Gruppe, die hauptsächlich in Indien und den USA anzutreffen ist. Innerhalb der Bohras ist das Thema der Beschneidung von Mädchenheftig umstritten. […]

    Ältere Dawudi-Frauen nennen die Klitoris „haraam ki boti“, sündiges Fleisch, das Fleisch, das eine Frau vom rechten Weg abbringen kann. „Es ist furchtbar und abstoßend, dass diese absolut natürlichen Erfahrungen in den Schmutz gezogen werden“, sagt Alefiya. „Die Schuld der Sexualität schwebt ständig über unseren Köpfen.“

    Pflichtgefühl der Religion gegenüber

    Die Ärztin Bilqis wurde als Kind beschnitten, kann sich daran aber kaum noch erinnern. Für sie sei es weder schädlich noch traumatisch gewesen, erzählt sie. Als Ärztin habe sie später ein Kind gesehen, das nach einem zu tiefen Schnitt behandelt werden musste. Vor 15 Jahren ließ sie ihre eigene Tochter beschneiden, aus einem Pflichtgefühl ihrer Religion gegenüber.

    Gemeinde streitet über Beschneidung von Mädchen | Von red/AP | Stuttgarter Nachrichten (StN) 03.08.2016

    http://www.stuttgarter-nachrichten.de/inhalt.indien-gemeinde-streitet-ueber-beschneidung-von-maedchen.3a4314d6-5cb1-4e02-8eaa-6637b85662bb.html

    ::

    „You’re not supposed to have ‚haraam ki boti‘ in you.“

    [ Chatna (anglis. khatna) lediglich als FGM Typ Ia (Klitorisvorhaut) oder Typ IV zu definieren (khatna – the practice of snipping off the tip of the clitoral hood – also known as Female Genital Cutting (FGC)) ist eine Lüge, die nichts bringt – Chatna kann auch FGM Typ Ib sein (Klitoris). ]

    https://video.scroll.in/829090/female-genital-cutting-in-india-four-women-share-their-chilling-stories-of-khatna

    ::

    Haraami boti or Haram Ki Chamdi.

    ::

    In India, the Dawoodi Bohra community follows “Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris”. The term used for the clitoris by the women in the community is Haraami boti or Haram Ki Chamdi.

    http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/life-style/lifting-the-veil-of-silence/

    ::

    [ Chatna — islamische weibliche Genitalverstümmelung (FGM) ]

    KHATAM KARO KHATNA | Chitkara Musings 17.02.2016

    The clitoris is termed as HARAM KI BOTI (immoral lump of flesh) by varied women, hence removed to ensure the girl does not masturbate or have an inclination for any sort of affair.

    https://chitkaramusings.wordpress.com/2016/02/17/female-and-male-genital-mutation/

    ::

    Yusuf al-Qaradawi schrieb zwei Fatawa zur islamischen FGM

    Seite 98 Absatz von „Seine im Ursprung alte Fatwa“ bis „aktualisiert nachzulesen.“ und die dazugehörige Fußnote 458 „Im vergangenen Jahr“ bis „(Stand: 21.1.2007)“ zum alten und neuen Fatwa.

    (Die islamrechtliche Beurteilung der Mädchenbeschneidung | von: Dörthe Engels (2008))

    [ Ḥurma, körperliche Unversehrtheit nach Koran und Sunna? Die islamische Hurma integriert abgehackte Hand, abgehackten Fuß (diesen nur von der gegenüberliegenden Körperseite) und abgehackten Kopf.

    Was per Chatna oder Chitan am männlichen oder weiblichen Genital abzuschneiden ist, hat zum islamisch heilen (hurma, ḥurma) erwachsenen Körper einfach nicht dazugehört. ]

    http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de/docs/servlets/MCRFileNodeServlet/FUDOCS_derivate_000000001121/Magisterarbeit_Doerthe_Engels.pdf

    ::

    [ Aber nicht zuviel – ohne zu übertreiben. Reduce the size of the clitoris, da steht Klitoris – für wie doof halten wir eigentlich die steinzeitlichen Alten oder islamischen Scheiche? Wenn die schreiben Klitoris, meinen die nicht Klitorisvorhaut. Die wissen was Spaß macht … was einst Freude bereitete. ]

    Yusuf al-Qaradawi

    Reduce the size of the clitoris but do not exceed the limit, for that is better for her health and is preferred by husbands.

    ___ps://archive.islamonline.net/?p=6646

    ::

    India Shiite sect divided on circumcising girls

    .

    .

    Bohra Women slam cruel tradition of female genital mutilation India Today

    .

    .

  31. Edward von Roy Says:

    „The act must be done. It needs to be done discreetly when it is a woman, but it needs to be done.“

    (Syedna Muffadal Saifuddin, spiritual leader of the Dawoodi Bohra community)

    RELIGIOUS OBLIGATION

    […] the Bohras consider ‚khatna‘ – the removal of part of the clitoris – a religious obligation, and debate on the subject has long been taboo.

    Bohra Muslim leader speech urging FGM is ‚huge disappointment‘ for India campaign · by Rina Chandran · Daily Mail 29.04.2016

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/reuters/article-3565645/Bohra-Muslim-leader-speech-urging-FGM-huge-disappointment-India-campaign.html

    __

    Oakland County, Michigan

    Oakland County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan, northwest of the Detroit metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,202,362, making it the second-most populous county in Michigan, behind neighboring Wayne County. The county seat is Pontiac. The county was founded in 1819 and organized in 1820.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oakland_County,_Michigan

    Wayne County, Michigan

    Wayne County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,820,584, making it the 19th-most populous county in the United States. The 2014 Census update listed the county’s population at 1,764,804. The county seat is Detroit, the most populous city in Michigan and 18th-most populous city in the United States. The county was founded in 1796 and organized in 1815.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_County,_Michigan

    __
    __

    State tries to strip parental rights in mutilation case

    by: Robert Snell (Jonathan Oosting contributed) · The Detroit News 05.-06-05.2017

    Detroit — Child welfare officials moved Friday to terminate the parental rights of as many as five families from a small Shia Muslim sect in Metro Detroit, alleging their children are victims of female genital mutilation, a lawyer said.

    The initial moves could impact as many as 12 children from the families in Oakland and Wayne counties and sent waves of fear rippling across the local Dawoodi Bohra community. […]

    The two doctors and Attar’s wife are members of the Dawoodi Bohra religious community based locally out of the Anjuman-e-Najmi mosque on Orchard Lake Road in Farmington Hills. It’s the only Dawoodi Bohra mosque in Michigan.

    The Dawoodi Bohras hail mostly from western India and were traditionally comprised of businessmen, entrepreneurs and professionals. There are about 1 million followers worldwide.

    Sect members were linked to a cutting scandal in Australia two years ago.

    Three Dawoodi Bohras faced trial in Australia in a case that raised awareness of female genital mutilation. The case ended in prison sentences for the three, including a Dawoodi Bohra community leader.

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/05/05/genital-mutilation-cases/101353874/

    __

    Genital mutilation suspects say money was for Quran lessons, not surgeries

    by: Gus Burns · MLive 03.-04.05.2017

    […] the lawyer said Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, 44, of Northville, removed the membrane [ „membrane“? She „removed (cut off) a part of the clitoral hood (FGM Type Ia), or part of the labia (FGM Type Ib), or performed another injury (FGM Type IV), she performed FGM (FGM = FGM Type I, II, III, IV) thereby violating 18 USC 116 (female genital mutilation) ] from the girls‘ genitals as part of a religious [ yes, Islamic ] practice that is tied to [ Shia ] Muslim group [ Dawoodi Bohra ] that the doctor belongs to.

    Attorney Shannon Smith said that her client removed the membrane from the girls vaginal parts [ she „removed“? She amputated intact genital tissue. Nagerwala exercised FGM ] and gave it the girls‘ parents, who would then bury it following a custom practiced by [ Shia Islam of ] Dawoodi Bohra.

    […] Chartier says Dr. Attar never spoke to the families of the girls prosecutors say the surgeries were performed on and the Minnesota number belonged to a religious Muslim leader who was being paid to help teach Dr. Attar how to memorize the Koran.

    But she says the man was „no longer ministering“ to the Minnesota community and had moved to Philadelphia.

    […] the religious leader was also helping Dr. Attar’s son memorize the Koran, so the $1,000 was to compensate for the training of two people.

    [ pious folks, pious Quran readers, pious practitioners of khatna, Islamic FGM ]

    […] They are charged with crimes related to illegal female genital mutilation [ FGM ] surgery, making false claims to investigators and tampering with witnesses by telling families of the girls to deny what happened and not talk to investigators.

    Dr. Attar and Nagarwala are also charged with the […] crime of conspiracy to transport a minor with intent to engage in criminal sexual activity […]

    http://www.mlive.com/news/detroit/index.ssf/2017/05/money_was_for_koran_lessons_no.html

    __

    Genital mutilation probe targets doctors‘ daughters

    by: Tresa Baldas · Detroit Free Press 03.-04.05.2017

    […] Chartier said her client was only talking to the man because he was helping him memorize the Quran. […]

    Attar, his wife and Nagarwala are part of [ the ] small, Indian-Muslim community Dawoodi Bohra, which was at the center of an Australian genital cutting prosecution that sent three people to prison in 2015. Nagarwala has maintained that she did not engage in any actual cutting but rather removed only a membrane from the girl’s genitalia and gave it to he parents for burial as part of a religious [ yes. FGM as prescribed by Sharia Law ] custom. […]

    A follow-up exam by a Minnesota doctor revealed that the girls‘ genitals had been altered or removed […]

    The Minnesota parents have not been charged. [ Why? Who finally places a criminal complaint against the parents?! ] […]

    Authorities said they also intercepted phone calls in which Attar’s wife is heard telling one Michigan member of the religious community [ to use taqiyya – Lying for the Sake of Allah ] not to cooperate if [ Dhimmi or Harbi ] investigators inquire about the procedures. She allegedly told that parent to „completely deny“ allegations of genital mutilation and „to say that nothing happened.“

    http://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/detroit/2017/05/03/genital-mutilation-probe-targets-doctors-daughters/101263068/

    __

    The Dawoodi Bohras give particular prominence to a 10th century text of jurisprudence called Daim-al Islam, [Daʿaʾim al-Islām] written by Qazi Noman [Abū Ḥanīfa an-Nuʿmān bin Muḥammad at-Tamīmī, al-Qadi al-Numan]. This text mentions khatna for males and females as a sunnat (recommendation) for purposes of taharat, or cleanliness, hygiene and purity. This is believed to include not just physical purity but also spiritual. […]

    One woman interviewed in the study stated that according to religious teachings she had gained while attending Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah, when both a man and woman are circumcised, a certain kind of essential knowledge or ilm is passed between the married couple during the act of sex.

    https://sahiyo.com/faqs/

    Surat (Gujarati સુરત, Hindi सुरत) ist eine Stadt mit etwa 4,5 Millionen Einwohnern im Südosten des indischen Bundesstaats Gujarat. Die schiitische Lehrstätte Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah (früherer Name Daras-e-Saifee).

    Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah is the principal educational institute of the Dawoodi Bohra community. Its sole benefactor, His Holiness Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin,

    ___p://jameasaifiyah.edu/a-warm-welcome/

    In 2011, during his centennial celebrations, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin established Al Jamea tus Saifiyah in Nairobi, Kenya. The construction of this 14 acre campus commenced in 2013, and was completed by Mufaddal Saifuddin and inaugurated by President Uhuru Kenyatta on 20 April 2017.

    Nairobi und April 2017 … eben dahin wollte die amerikanische Mädchenbeschneiderin und Ärztin Dr. Jumana Nagarwala fliegen (in Detroit noch auf dem Flughafen verhaftet).

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al_Jamea_tus_Saifiyah

    __

    Der Qādī

    In der islamischen Staatslehre ist der Qadi (القاضي al-qāḍī, Entscheider, Richter) ein Rechtsgelehrter, der im Auftrag des Kalifen vor allem richterliche Funktionen wahrnimmt nach dem Normensystem des Islamischen Rechts (Scharia; Fiqh).

    Abū Ḥanīfa an-Nuʿmān bin Muḥammad at-Tamīmī
    al-Qadi al-Numan
    Buch:
    دعائم الاسلام
    Daʿaʾim al-Islām
    Daim al-Islam

    Als wichtigstes erhaltenes Werk gilt das Da’a’im al-Islam (Die Säulen des Islam / The Pillars of Islam)

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismailitische_Rechtsschule

    The Daʿaʾim al-Islam, the major legal work of the Fatimid period during which time the Ismaili madhab per se was established,

    https://books.google.de/books?id=EYCoBAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=de#v=onepage&q&f=false

    __

    No More Khatna: Meet the Five Women Standing against the Ritual of Female Circumcision in India

    khatna. The problem lies in the fact that [Muslim] pro-khatna supporters are able to justify it using […] texts […] One of these books is the Daim ul-Islam (aka The Pillars of Islam) written by Qāżi Noʿmān [al-Qadi al-Numan] (an Isma’ili jurist and the official historian of the Fatimid caliphs). This book serves as the primary source of law (sharia) for some Mustaali Isma’ili communities, including the Dawoodi Bohras. […]

    The Sahifas are the other set of handbooks published by Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah – Academy of 52nd al-DAI-AL-MUTLAQ – India, that provide guidance and the mandatory or obligatory tenets, rules and rituals of faith binding upon the Dawoodi Bohra diaspora worldwide which recommend khatna on girls after seven years of age.

    by Aminah Sheikh · The better India 08.12.2016 (?)

    http://www.thebetterindia.com/77521/sahiyo-female-genital-circumcision/

    __

    What happens when a religious leader supports female genital mutilation

    By Anubha Bhonsle · WMC Women Under Siege 03.08.2016

    […] What would it take to stop khatna? I ask Farida.

    “If the Syedna says, ‘Don’t do it,’ it will stop overnight,” she replies.

    http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/speaking-out-what-happens-after-a-religious-leader-stands-up-for-female-gen

    __

    ‘An amorous lump of flesh’: Female genital mutilation continues in an unexpected country

    By Anubha Bhonsle (guest blogger) · WMC Women Under Siege 25.02.2016

    haraam ki boti,” Hindi for “an amorous lump of flesh.” […] khatna, as the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) is known in India, has been going on in the western states of Gujarat and Maharashtra among the Muslim Dawoodi Bohra religious community for decades without any major resistance.

    http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/an-amorous-lump-of-flesh-female-genital-mutilation-continues-in-an-unexpect

  32. eekhoorntje Says:

    .

    .

    Besnijdenis (khitaan) van meisjes

    (…) De Ahadith over de khitân (besnijdenis) van vrouwen.

    „Khitân is Soennah voor mannen en makroemah (eergevend) voor vrouwen“

    (Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Moesnad 5/75 & Maliki).

    Een vrouw voerde vrouwenbesnijdenissen uit in Medina. De profeet vertelde haar:

    „Snijdt niet te diep, dit is beter voor de vrouw en aangenamer voor de man.“

    (Aboe-Dawoed)

    http://forums.marokko.nl/showthread.php?t=5197691&s=7823e3f0e62d70b298c086b640ec26b2

    Volgens As-Shafi`i’s (grondlegger van de Shafi’ietische wetschool) oordeel is de besnijdenis voor zowel de vrouwen als de mannen verplicht (wâdjib).

    http://forums.marokko.nl/showthread.php?t=411618&s=7823e3f0e62d70b298c086b640ec26b2

    Fatwa

    Vraag: Is vrouwenbesnijdenis soennah of een slechte praktijk? Ik las in een tijdschrift dat vrouwenbesnijdenis in welke vorm dan ook een slechte praktijk is die van medisch standpunt/opzicht gezien schadelijk is, en dat het tot steriliteit kan leiden. Is dit correct?

    Antwoord: Alle Lof zij Allah. Het besnijden van vrouwen is geen slechte praktijk of schadelijk, als het binnen matiging wordt gedaan. Wanneer er extreme vormen van vrouwenbesnijdenis worden uitgevoerd, kan het wel schadelijk gevolgen hebben.

    (Fatâwa Al-Lajnah Al-Dâ’imah, 5/120 – (www.islam-qa.com)

    http://forums.marokko.nl/showthread.php?t=411618&s=7823e3f0e62d70b298c086b640ec26b2

    .

    .

  33. Edward von Roy Says:

    Die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) hat 1998 eine Definition für die weibliche Genitalverstümmelung – englisch: Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) – veröffentlicht: „FGM umfasst alle Verfahren, die die teilweise oder vollständige Entfernung der weiblichen äußeren ­Genitalien oder deren Verletzung zum Ziel haben, sei es aus kulturellen oder anderen nichttherapeutischen Gründen.“

    Die WHO definiert vier Typen weiblicher Genitalverstümmelung (FGM Typ I, II, III, IV), beispielsweise:

    Typ I: Untertyp Ia: Partielle oder vollständige Entfernung der Klitorisvorhaut. Untertyp Ib: Partielle oder vollständige Entfernung der Klitoris (Klitoridektomie).

    Typ IV: Alle anderen schädigenden Eingriffe, die die weiblichen Genitalien verletzen und keinem medizinischen Zweck dienen, zum Beispiel: Einstechen, Durchbohren, Einschneiden, Ausschaben, Ausbrennen, Verätzen oder Dehnen.

    Aktivisten für allgemeine Menschenrechte und für Frauen- und Kinderrechte treten den Versuchen entgegen, den Standard der WHO-Kategorie aufzuweichen, aufzuspalten in einen weiterhin verbotenen und einen dann straffrei gestellten Teil, der etwa die Chatna oder Sunna umfasst (meistens eine FGM Typ I oder Typ IV).

    Erstmals in der Geschichte der USA begann im April 2017 ein Strafprozess nach 18 USC 116 (female genital mutilation), nachdem in Detroit, Michigan, die Ärztin Dr. Jumana Nagarwala sowie die Eheleute Attar angezeigt worden sind. Die drei Beschuldigten sind Angehörige der schiitischen Dawudi Bohra.

    So etwas wie eine geringfügige FGM gibt es nicht. Treten wir dafür ein, dass noch die geringst invasive Form der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung verboten bleibt oder verboten wird – überall auf der Welt.

    http://www.fr.de/panorama/genitalverstuemmelung-was-maedchen-erleiden-muessen-a-1272484

    [ Am 08.05.2017 im Kommentarbereich zu: Was Mädchen erleiden müssen · Von Melanie Reinsch · FR 06.05.2017 ]

  34. Edward von Roy Says:

    „die so genannte milde Sunna, die Beschneidung der Klitorisvorhaut (…) Die Beschneidung der Klitorisvorhaut verletzt das Persönlichkeitsrecht und die Würde des Mädchens, dieselben Rechte von Jungen verletzt die Jungenbeschneidung.“
    .
    .

    „Zum Kölner Beschneidungsurteil und zur Schutzpflicht der Parlamentarier“

    Zuerst bei: Giordano Bruno Stiftung (gbs) 08.05.2017, hier bei: Humanistischer Pressedienst (hpd) 08.05.2017

    (Zum fünften Jahrestag des „Kölner Urteils“ legen Dr. iur. Ralf Eschelbach (Richter am Bundesgerichtshof), Prof. Dr. med. Matthias Franz (Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf) und Prof. Dr. iur. Jörg Scheinfeld (Universitäten Mainz und Wiesbaden) ein gemeinsames Papier vor, in dem sie die zentralen Argumente der Beschneidungsdebatte zusammenfassen und die Parlamentarier nachdrücklich zum Handeln aufrufen. Ihr Text zeigt auf, dass die Politiker bei der Verabschiedung des Beschneidungsgesetzes von fehlerhaften Informationen ausgingen und dazu verleitet wurden, eine Einsicht zu ignorieren, die in einem modernen Rechtsstaat selbstverständlich sein sollte, nämlich dass der Intimbereich von Jungen ebenso unverfügbar sein muss wie der Intimbereich von Mädchen.)

    ___

    „Das Parlament hat die Pflicht, das Beschneidungsgesetz abzuschaffen“

    […] Die Vorhaut ist eine bedeutsame erogene Zone (!), sie ist wegen der nervalen Ausstattung der sensibelste Teil des Penis. Sie ist in Funktion und Sensibilität am ehesten vergleichbar den Fingerkuppen, den Augenlidern, den kleinen Schamlippen, dem Anus und den Lippen. […]

    Eingriffe am Genital von Mädchen werden, auch wenn religiös motiviert, zumeist mit mindestens einem Jahr Freiheitsstrafe belegt.

    Einer redlichen Diskussion dieser Diskrepanz öffnet sich zunächst einmal nur derjenige, der anerkennt, was unbestreitbar ist: Es gibt Genitalbeschneidungen an Mädchen, die in puncto Eingriffstiefe nicht schwerer wiegen als die Penisvorhautbeschneidung beim Jungen. Dazu zählt etwa die so genannte milde Sunna, die Beschneidung der Klitorisvorhaut. […]

    Das Abtrennen der erogenen Zone Vorhaut vom Penis des Kindes ist ein erheblicher Eingriff in die Körperintegrität und sogar in den Intimbereich. Der Akt erfüllt zumindest den Straftatbestand der einfachen Körperverletzung, und er verletzt mehrere Grundrechte des Kindes: das Recht auf körperliche Unversehrtheit, das Persönlichkeitsrecht des Kindes und seine Würde durch Eingriff in die sexuelle Selbstbestimmung – sowie bei religiöser Beschneidung das Recht auf negative Religionsfreiheit durch das Prägen des Körpers mit einem unauslöschlichen religiösen Identifikationsmerkmal.

    Eine Legitimation für einen solch tiefen und unumkehrbaren Eingriff in den Körper gibt den Eltern weder die eigene Religionsfreiheit noch das Elternrecht zur Pflege und Erziehung des Kindes: Die präventiv-medizinische Sinnlosigkeit der Jungenbeschneidung steht der Annahme elterlicher „Pflege“ entgegen; der tiefe, unumkehrbare und gewaltsame Eingriff in den genitalen Intimbereich der reifenden Persönlichkeit des Kindes verbietet die Annahme zulässiger religiöser „Erziehung“ (ohnehin „erziehen“ die Eltern nicht durch Operierenlassen); der Akt stellt sich deshalb dar als eine Anmaßung, die vollendete Tatsachen schafft. Dass die Jungenbeschneidung das Kindeswohl nicht gefährde, darf auch der Gesetzgeber nicht begründungslos herbeifingieren, wie er es im Erlaubnisgesetz versucht hat; dieses Gesetz ist mit den genannten Grundrechten der Jungen unvereinbar und als verfassungswidrig vom Bundesverfassungsgericht für nichtig zu erklären. […]

    Die richtige Rechtslage zu finden, ist auch sehr simpel: Weil die Jungenbeschneidung mit mancher Form der Mädchenbeschneidung vergleichbar ist, muss schlicht die für Mädchen geltende Gesetzeslage auf Jungen übertragen werden. Die Beschneidung der Klitorisvorhaut verletzt das Persönlichkeitsrecht und die Würde des Mädchens, dieselben Rechte von Jungen verletzt die Jungenbeschneidung.

    Die Würde der Kinder zu schützen, ist nach unserer Verfassung „Verpflichtung aller staatlichen Gewalt“. Die Kölner Richter haben diese Pflicht erfüllt, die Parlamentarier müssen das nun nachholen und ein heilungssinnloses Herumschneiden an Kindergenitalien ausnahmslos für rechtswidrig erklären.

    Richter am Bundesgerichtshof Dr. iur. Ralf Eschelbach, Prof. Dr. med. Matthias Franz, Düsseldorf, Prof. Dr. iur. Jörg Scheinfeld, Mainz und Wiesbaden

    https://hpd.de/artikel/parlament-hat-pflicht-beschneidungsgesetz-abzuschaffen-14391?nopaging=1

    (Eschelbach, Franz und Scheinfeld haben ihr Papier mit dem Titel „Zum Kölner Beschneidungsurteil und zur Schutzpflicht der Parlamentarier“ auf Anfrage der Giordano-Bruno-Stiftung verfasst. Er kann über diesen Link auch als pdf-Datei heruntergeladen werden.

    „Zum Kölner Beschneidungsurteil und zur Schutzpflicht der Parlamentarier“

    https://www.giordano-bruno-stiftung.de/sites/gbs/files/eschelbach_franz_scheinfeld_170507.pdf

    ___

    „Das Parlament hat die Pflicht, das Beschneidungsgesetz abzuschaffen“

    (Beschneidungsforum)

    https://www.beschneidungsforum.de/index.php/Thread/7636-Das-Parlament-hat-die-Pflicht-das-Beschneidungsgesetz-abzuschaffen/?postID=54374#post54374

  35. Cees van der Duin Says:

    Echter zeitloser إسلام islām: Andschuman-e-Nadschmi-Moschee (mosque Anjuman-e-Najmi), schiitische Dawudi Bohra (Dawoodi Bohra), Detroit (Michigan), USA

    Tatort der Mädchenbeschneidung d. i. weibliche Genitalverstümmelung (Female Genital Mutilation, FGM) war das Woodcreek Professional Building, Sitz der Burhani Medical Clinic und der Büros von Dr. Fakhruddin S. Attar, MD, Internist, Farmington Rd. in Livonia.

    .

    Chatna, islamische FGM in Detroit: Dritte Frau (48) verdächtigt

    Detroit (Michigan), USA – Ismailitische (siebenerschiitische) Dawudi Bohra: Eheleute Attar und Mädchenbeschneiderin Nagarwala in Haft bis zur Gerichtsverhandlung am 27.06.2017 – auch die dritte Frau und ihre Familie gehören zur örtlichen Andschuman-e-Nadschmi-Moschee.
    .
    .

    […] Prosecutors have claimed three women were in the room Feb. 3 when the 7-year-old girls from Minnesota allegedly were mutilated at the Burhani Medical Clinic in Livonia.

    A grand jury has indicted two women: Nagarwala is accused of cutting the girls and Farida Attar is accused of helping arrange the procedure and being in the examination room.

    Defense lawyers say the procedure performed on the girls was not female genital mutilation. The procedures were benign [ harmlos, gutartig, freundlich, huldvoll; hier: harmlos ], legal and religious, they’ve said. […]

    Locally, most members of the sect belong to the Anjuman-e-Najmi mosque in Farmington Hills.

    The woman whose home was raided Tuesday and her family belong to the mosque […]

    The Attars and Nagarwala are being held without bond pending a June 27 trial in federal court. […]

    Mutilation case leads feds to third woman | by: Robert Snell | The Detroit News 07.05.2017 | updated 17 hours ago

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/05/07/home-searched-genital-mutilation-case/101401712/

    ::

    „Seit Jahrhunderten hat die [ Chatna; Chitan al-inath ] Praxis weiblicher Beschneidung in gewissen muslimischen Gemeinschaft bestanden, zu denen auch die Dawudi Bohra gehören, jene Strömung, der die Attars und Nagarwala angehören. The practice of [ khatna; khitan al-inath ] female circumcision has existed for centuries in certain Muslim sects, including the Dawoodi Bohra, the faction the Attars and Nagarwala prescribe to, according to federal court filings.“

    Prosecutor says defendants in genital mutilation case also committed sex crime | by Gus Burns | MLive 07.05.2017

    http://www.mlive.com/news/detroit/index.ssf/2017/05/prosecutor_says_defendants_in.html

    ::

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

    Jumana

    Jumana, meaning „silver pearl“, is an Arabic feminine given name.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana

    Jumana [ dte. Aussprache: dschumaana ]
    Given name

    Jumana Nagarwala

    Dr. Jumana Nagarwala is an Indian-American physician who, in 2017, became the first person charged under the United States law criminalizing female genital mutilation.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    wikipedia.org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    org/wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    wiki/Jumana_Nagarwala

    “ Jumana_Nagarwala “

  36. Adriaan Broekhuizen Says:

    „Die Dawoodi Bohras sehen weibliche Genitalverstümmelung als religiöse Pflicht.“

    ( Terre des Femmes )
    .
    .

    FGM, known as khatna, is considered a religious obligation in the Dawoodi Bohra community, in most cases performed on girls around age 7.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_views_on_female_genital_mutilation

    ‚Our community is very pure compared to other people, and it’s our duty to keep it that way,‘ Syedna Muffadal Saifuddin said at a recent gathering in Mumbai. ‚Men have to do it, and even women have to do it.‘

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3719294/Battle-tiny-Indian-Muslim-sect-circumcising-girls.html

    Female Genital Mutilation among Bohra community of India and Pakistan […]

    [ Sunni Islam ] Only the Shafiite school of law regards circumcision as obligatory (wajib) [ male and female circumcision ]

    http://worldmuslimcongress.blogspot.de/2011/11/female-genital-mutilation-among-bohra.html

    [ Islam ist nicht schöngeistige Lektüre des Koran, sondern die Praxis von Koran und Sunna. Schafiiten (sunnitisch) und Dawudi Bohra (schiitisch) ist die Chatna (FGM) Religionspflicht. ]

    halten die Mitglieder von Dawoodi Bohra FGM – in Indien „Khatna“ – für eine religiöse Pflicht. [ na sowas ]

    http://desertflowerfoundation.org/ru/news-detail/251.html

    [ Dr. Jumana Nagarwala said ]

    she merely performed a religious procedure that involved removing

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2017/04/17/female-genital-mutilation-doctor/100563870/

    TERRE DES FEMMES · Menschenrechte für die Frau

    Die Dawoodi Bohras sehen weibliche Genitalverstümmelung als religiöse Pflicht.

    https://www.frauenrechte.de/online/index.php/themen-und-aktionen/weibliche-genitalverstuemmelung2/unser-engagement/aktivitaeten/genitalverstuemmelung-in-asien/1351-dawoodi-bohra

    ___
    ___

    After learning that a female genital mutilation gang had been arrested in Michigan, faux feminist Linda Sarsour tweeted: “Female genital mutilation has no place in Detroit or anywhere else in the world. Female genital mutilation is barbaric and is not an Islamic practice.”

    (Faithfreedom)

    http://www.faithfreedom.org/linda-sarsour-and-female-genital-mutilation-in-islam/

    Ayaan Hirsi Ali says controversial Women’s March organizer is a ‘fake feminist’

    http://nytlive.nytimes.com/womenintheworld/2017/02/02/ayaan-hirsi-ali-says-controversial-womens-march-organizer-is-a-fake-feminist/

    Linda Sarsour, the executive director of the Arab American Association of New York who was co-chair of the Women’s March protesting against Donald Trump

    http://www.dailywire.com/news/12852/muslim-womens-march-organizer-attacks-female-hank-berrien

    __

    FGM has no place in Detroit or any where else in the world. FGM is barbaric & is NOT an Islamic practice.

    (Linda Sarsour, Palestinian-American-Muslim, civil rights activist.)

    .

    ___
    ___

    „Female genital mutilation is barbaric and is not an Islamic practice.“

    Khatna, or khitan al-inath, or FGM has nothing to do with Islam?

    Surely Islam has nothing to do with Islam.

  37. Jacques Auvergne Says:

    .

    Cas d’une fillette de 11 ans excisée en Ontario

    En 2002, une famille soudanaise résidant à St. Catharines en Ontario a été accusée d’avoir soumis sa fille de 11 ans à l’excision. Les parents ont été détenus et leurs enfants pris en charge par les services sociaux, mais les accusations ont dû être retirées par la suite, lorsqu’il a été admis que l’opération avait eu lieu avant l’entrée en vigueur de la loi. (Owens, 2002)

    OWENS, Anne Marie (2002). « Parents charged in circumcision of daughter remain in custody », dans National Post, 16 février 2002. http://www.cirp.org/news/nationalpost02-16-02 (consulté le 30 mai 2013).

    https://www.csf.gouv.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/version-html-avis-les-crimes-dhonneur-de-lindignation-a-laction.html

    ___

    Case of an 11-year-old girl excised in Ontario

    In 2002, a Sudanese family living in St. Catharines, Ontario was accused of having had their 11-year-old daughter excised. The parents were taken into custody and the children placed in the care of social services. The charges were dropped when it was found that the procedure had taken place before the bill came into force. (Owens, 2002)

    https://www.csf.gouv.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/avis-crimes-dhonneur-anglais-CLEAN6.html

    Kanada 2002 – Mädchen (13) aus Ontario als Elfjährige genital verstümmelt – Eltern Einwanderer aus dem Sudan. Verfahren eingestellt angebl. wg. Unkenntnis der Tatzeit, nämlich vor oder nach Inkrafttreten des kanadischen FGM-Verbotsgesetzes: „Die Anklage wurde fallengelassen, als sich herausstellte, dass die Prozedur [die Genitalverstümmelung, FGM] stattgefunden hatte, bevor das [kanadische] Gesetz [das gesetzliche Verbot der FGM] in Kraft trat.“ (Vgl. aber unten, wo die Unkenntnis des Tatortes (hier wohl: Sudan oder Kanada) für die Verfahrenseinstellung ausschlaggebend gewesen sei.)

    ___
    ___

    [ Cite as: Anne Marie Owens. Parents charged in circumcision of daughter remain in custody. National Post, Don Mills, Ontario, Saturday, 16 February 2002. ]

    NATIONAL POST (Ontario)

    Parents charged in circumcision of daughter remain in custody 11-year-old girl

    By Anne Marie Owens | National Post 16.02.2002

    An Ontario couple charged with having their 11-year-old daughter circumcised in their home are being held in custody while the court determines whether they should go free.

    The court case may provide rare evidence the surgical procedure, which is illegal in Canada under laws on female genital mutilation but is still widely practised in some parts of Africa and the Middle East, is being conducted in Canada.

    The identities of the parents, who live in St. Catharines, Ont., are not being released to protect the identity of the girl, now 13. […]

    The mother, 42, and father, 47, are very distressed by the charges, said their lawyer, Keith Newell.

    Police will not reveal the religious or cultural background of the family, since such specific information could possibly identify the girl in a community with as small a multi-cultural population as St. Catharines. […]

    http://www.cirp.org/news/nationalpost02-16-02/

    ___p://archive.rabble.ca/babble/ultimatebb.cgi?ubb=get_topic&f=2&t=000972

    [ ♥ CIRP, Thanks for documenting so well! ]

    The Circumcision Information and Resource Pages · CIRP

    http://www.cirp.org/

    ___
    ___

    Parents charged in genital mutilation

    By Lisa Priest | Saturday’s Globe and Mail 16.02.2002 Last updated 20.03.2009

    […] St. Catharines, Ont., became a focus of attention after allegations that an 11-year-old girl underwent surgery to remove at least part of her external genitals.

    The girl’s parents were each charged with aggravated assault this week in connection with allegations that a genital-cutting operation was done by a „practitioner“ in their St. Catharines home.

    The father faces an additional assault charge over allegations that the girl, now 13, was struck several times on the back over the past two years with a belt, said Sergeant James Mackay of the Niagara Regional Police.

    „We’re not releasing the location of the child or whose care she is in,“ he said in a telephone interview yesterday. „That’s done to protect the identity of the child.“ [….]

    http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/parents-charged-in-genital-mutilation/article4131391/

    ___
    ___

    Female circumcision charges dropped | Parental role in mutilation unverifiable

    By Anne Marie Owens | National Post Thursday, October 03, 2002 | National Post 03.10.2002

    Police said the parents, who are Sudanese, arranged for a practitioner to perform the surgical procedure, […]

    The Crown attorney’s office told court in St. Catharines yesterday it was withdrawing aggravated assault charges against the parents because it had been unable to determine whether the circumcision had taken place in Canada or another country. […]

    Evidence from medical experts and the parents themselves indicated it was never in dispute that some form of genital mutilation had taken place. What was at issue in the case was whether the surgery had occurred in Canada, under the direction of the parents.

    https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/misc.activism.progressive/h7DADvbtqNQ

    [Nicht mehr die ungewisse Tatzeit, siehe der ältere Text (fraglich sei: nach oder vor dem kanadischen FGM Verbot), der ungewisse Tatort (fraglich: Nordamerika oder Afrika) sei Ursache der Prozessbeendigung.]

    .

  38. Clifford Reynolds Says:

    Islamic FGM = khitan al-inath (ختان الإناث)
    Indonesian: sunat perempuan (khitan wanita)

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    Hadith. The Prophet said to Umm Atiyya, or: to Umm Habiba:

    أشمِّي ولا تنهَكي
    ašimmī wa-lā tanhakī
    [Cut] slightly and do not overdo it

    Or Muhammad said:

    اختفضن ولا تنهكن
    iḫtafiḍna wa-lā tanhikna
    Cut [slightly] without exaggeration

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    There’s no such thing as ‚mild‘ FGM. Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) = zero tolerance even to the less invasive forms of FGM.

    ::
    ::

    Karen Cook, an attorney appointed as guardian ad litem to represent the children and defend their legal rights, argued the children should be removed from their homes. […]

    Assistant county prosecutor Anthony Marek said he was sympathetic and that “the safety of the children is paramount,” but said that because Nagarwala and the Attars remain in jail and the Attars’ clinic is closed, “the risk here is mitigated and we are not asking for removal.”

    Cook wasn’t convinced, saying of Fakhruddin Attar: “He is not the only one in Michigan that does this.” […]

    Kids In Genital Mutilation Investigation Remain In Homes | A court-appointed guardian ad litem argued jailed doctors in historic sexual mutilation case aren’t the only ones performing FGM procedure. | By Beth Dalbey (Patch Staff) | Detroit Patch 09.05.2017

    https://patch.com/michigan/detroit/kids-genital-mutilation-investigation-remain-homes

    ::

    Pontiac – Children of two Oakland County couples who are subject to state child welfare complaints will remain with their parents as an investigation of female genital mutilation continues, an Oakland Juvenile Court referee ruled Tuesday in separate hearings. […]

    The appointed guardian ad litem, Karen Cook, who is assigned to act as the children’s legal adviser and defend their rights, told Hamilton Tuesday, “I do believe the children are in ongoing danger and I would ask that they be removed.” […]

    2 families to keep kids for now in mutilation case | by Mike Martindale | The Detroit News 09.05.2017

    http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/oakland-county/2017/05/09/genital-mutilation-parental-custody/101475892/

  39. Edward von Roy Says:

    Von Genitalverstümmelung betroffen sind weltweit „mindestens 200
    Millionen Mädchen und Frauen“. UNICEF: „At least 200 million girls and women“

    https://www.unicef.org/media/media_90033.html

    UN: „at least 200 million girls and women“

    http://www.un.org/en/events/femalegenitalmutilationday/

    [ Am 08.05.2017 im Kommentarbereich zu: Was Mädchen erleiden müssen · Von Melanie Reinsch · FR 06.05.2017 ]

    [ 130 oder 140 Millionen Opfer von FGM weltweit, bis 2015 konnte man das sagen – durch Einbeziehung von Indonesien mussten die Zahlen um 70 Millionen nach oben korrigiert werden. Melanie Reinsch trägt die veraltete Zahl weiter: „Weltweit sind 140 Millionen Frauen von Genitalverstümmelung betroffen.“ ]

    http://www.fr.de/panorama/genitalverstuemmelung-was-maedchen-erleiden-muessen-a-1272484

  40. Edward von Roy Says:

    America’s Infuriating Double Standard on Cutting Children’s Genitals | By: Georganne Chapin, MPhil, JD, Executive Director, Intact America (Slightly edited version of essay published in Huffington Post 05.03.2017) | Intact America (Blog) 04.05.2017

    https://intactamerica.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/americas-infuriating-double-standard-on-cutting-childrens-genitals/

    […] Compare this to the case of Jumana Nagarwala, a Johns Hopkins-trained female physician, charged with genital cutting of minor girls. […] Nagarwala’s case, the first to be filed under 18 U.S.C. 116, the Federal law that criminalizes female genital mutilation, has opened the eyes of many Americans, who are shocked that FGM is practiced on our soil. Perhaps it’s time they think more about what doctors routinely do to little boys. […]

    America’s Infuriating Double Standard on Cutting Children’s Genitals | By: Georganne Chapin, MPhil, JD, Executive Director, Intact America | Huffington Post 05.03.2017

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/americas-infuriating-double-standard-on-cutting-childrens_us_5908fef7e4b03b105b44bd0e

    _____

    Intact America (Blog)
    One Comment
    Edward von Roy
    May 10, 2017 11:34 am

    “Be a hero, don’t circumcise your daughter or son.”

    My real concern is that the US and Europe will soon legalize some “mild” forms of the Classification of female genital mutilation (FGM). Every form of FGM should be banned everywhere.

    „Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons (WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, 1997).“

    Classification of female genital mutilation

    http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/fgm/overview/en/

    There’s no such thing as ‚mild‘ FGM.

    Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) =
    zero tolerance even to the less invasive forms of FGM

    Any ritual circumcision or other ritual injury of the genital of a girl or a boy below the age of eighteen years should be banned on a global level.

    Edward von Roy (social worker)

    .

  41. Edward von Roy Says:

    .

    „I believe they are being persecuted for their religious beliefs
    .
    .

    […] The doctor’s lawyer, Shannon Smith, has told the media her client “is being persecuted for her religious beliefs.” […]

    Mutilation – Religious Beliefs or Double Standard? | by: David Mittleman | The Legal Examiner 28.04.2017

    http://lansing.legalexaminer.com/medical-malpractice/mutilation-religious-beliefs-or-double-standard/

    13 comments

    f. e. by:
    [ Ronald Goldman, Ph.D. ]
    [ April 28, 2017 at 4:19 pm ]

    _ _
    _ _

    Flogging or stoning an adulterer is illegal, marrying a nine year old bride is illegal. Khatna, FGM is illegal.

    Khatna (FGM) is religion (Islam). You can believe in FGM – you can not perform FGM.

    (Edward von Roy)

    _ _
    _ _

    Rituals can include singing, dancing, and certainly also religious devotions, but no operations on the body of a child (a child is a human being below the age of eighteen years).

    We should not cut or circumcize (i. e. mutilate) genitals, neither of male nor of female human beings. Male circumcision is male genital mutilation. Concerning the sensitivity (corpuscles respectively free nerve ends of the types: Merkel, Ruffini, Vater-Pacini, Meissner), the male foreskin has its equivalent not in the female (clitoral) foreskin, but in the clitoris itself.

    Everyone has a right to intact genitalia. Here, children are dependent on our protection. We as the adults in this world must enforce that a child under the age of 18 years, girl or boy, is protected from any form of genital cutting.

    As is well known, Islamic institutions such as the Indonesian Fatwa Council (MUI – Majelis Ulama Indonesia) do not call the “mild” forms of girls’ circumcision a mutilation (FGM). We see that differently. Even the least invasive form of girls’ circumcision has to be overcome, worldwide.

    And of course boys deserve the same protection as girls.

    (Edward von Roy)

    ___
    ___

    […] „I believe they are being persecuted for their religious beliefs and I do not make that allegation lightly,“ said Mary Chartier, the attorney representing Doctor Fakhruddin Attar on Wednesday.

    Shannon Smith told FOX 2 she agrees with the comment made yesterday by Chartier. Attar and his wife are accused of helping Nargarwala commit the crimes at the medical facility. […]

    fox4news (FOX) 27.04.2017 updated 02.05.2017

    ___ps://www.facebook.com/Fox4DFW/posts/10154398799262093

    http://www.fox4news.com/health/252173247-story

  42. Adriaan Broekhuizen Says:

    محمد سليم العوا
    Muḥammad Salīm al-ʿAuwā
    Mohamed Selim el-Aoua (Frz.)
    Mohamed Selim El-Awa (Engl.)
    Mohammed Selim al-Awa

    „Die islamische Lehre bietet überwältigende Beweise dafür, dass FGM keine Religionspraxis ist, vielmehr vom Islam verdammt wird“, zum Befestigen dieser schlicht falschen Aussage herangezogen wird auch Mohammed Selim al-Awa:

    The teachings of Islam provide overwhelming evidence that FGM/C is not a religious practice and that Islam condemns it. […]

    Dr. Muhammad Salim Al-Awa, in his book ‘FGM/C: an Islamic Perspective’

    (Delinking Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting from Islam | hier bei: UNFPA)

    https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/De-linking%20FGM%20from%20Islam%20final%20report.pdf

    .

    Ufuk Gökçen anglisiert Ufuk Gokcen, der Botschafter der OIC (Stichwort Islamische Menschenrechte, Kairo 1990) bei den Vereinten Nationen, zeigt auf Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu und der (damalige) Generalsekretät der OIC zeigt die Marschrichtung, jetzt alle nachsprechen, zack-zack: FGM? Hatnichtsmitdemislamzutun!

    FGM und Islam – das wirkt aber ausgesprochen unschön – darf daher öffentlich nicht gesagt werden! Entflechten, Abkoppeln: De-linking! Diese schlimme unislamische FGM. Weitermachen mit Chatna bzw. Chitan al-inath. Wie seit 1400 Jahren.

    De-linking Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting from Islam. Ibrahim Lethome Asmani. Maryam Sheikh Abdi. 2008

    As the Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s (OIC) Ambassador to the United Nations, I personally find it important to combat any notion that FGM is in the true nature of Islam. OIC Secretary General Professor Ihsanoglu recently stated that FGM “is a ritual that has survived over centuries and must be stopped as Islam does not support it.” [İhsanoğlu]

    (Huffington Post 08.02.2013)

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/amb-ufuk-gokcen/delinking-female-genital-_b_2639432.html

    Ambassador Ufuk Gokcen [Gökçen]

    http://www.liu.edu/CWPost/About/News/Campus-Calendar/2015/December/Ambassador-Ufuk-Gokcen-Dec-3

    Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu
    Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ekmeleddin_%C4%B0hsano%C4%9Flu

    Aber nein, der Islam verlange keine weibliche Beschneidung, Taqiyya zur FGM bringt al-Awa, vorgestellt als „General Secretary of the International Federation of Islamic Scholars“.

    Gemeint ist die International Union of Muslim Scholars (IUMS), Internationale Union Muslimischer Gelehrter. IUMS-Chef ist der Supertheologe der Muslimbruderschaft Yusuf al-Qaradawi.

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohamed_Selim_El-Awa

    .

    Internationale Union Muslimischer Gelehrter

    „Die Internationale Union Muslimischer Gelehrter (arabisch الاتحاد العالمي لعلماء المسلمين, DMG al-Ittiḥād al-ʿĀlamī li-ʿUlamāʾ al-Muslimīn, englisch International Union of Muslim Scholars; Abk. IUMS) ist eine internationale pan-islamische Nichtregierungsorganisation, deren Gründungskonferenz 2004 in London stattfand. Derzeitiger Generalsekretär ist Ali al-Qaradaghi.

    Ihr Hauptsitz befand sich am Islamischen Kulturzentrum von Irland (ICCI), Berichten zufolge soll er vor Mai 2012 nach Katar verlegt worden sein.

    Präsident ist Scheich Yusuf al-Qaradawi. Vizepräsidenten sind der Mufti des Oman Ahmed bin Hamad al-Chalili (Ibaditen), Scheich Abdullah bin Bayya [Mauretanien] (Sunniten, Malikiten), Ayatollah Mohammed Ali Taschiri (Schiiten), Ayatollah Muhammad Wa’id Zadeh Churasani (Schiiten).

    Der Generalsekretär war von 2004 bis 2010 Mohamed Selim El-Awa (Sunniten).

    Am 15. November 2014 veröffentlichte das Kabinett der Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate eine Liste mit 83 dem islamischen Terrorismus zuzurechnenden Organisationen, worunter auch die Internationale Union Muslimischer Gelehrter aufgeführt wird.“

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internationale_Union_Muslimischer_Gelehrter

    .

    Bereits die FGM selbst definiert Mohammed Selim al-Awa (Mohamed Selim El-Awa) nicht wie alleine korrekt, nämlich als vollständige WHO-Klassifikation. Speziell FGM Typ IV Einschnitte oder Einstiche lässt er wohl einfach aus. Allgemein verdient er (auch damit) unser Vertrauen nicht in Bezug auf das, was für ihn ein intaktes weibliches Genital eigentlich ist.

    In Antwort 5 wird es vollends abenteuerlich – der Generalsekretär der International Federation of Islamic Scholars listet Länder auf, in denen es keine weibliche Genitalverstümmelung gebe, gar keine:

    Most Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia, the Gulf states, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Indonesia, Malaysia etc. are not familiar with this practice.

    Saudi-Arabien, die Golfstaaten, Syrien, Indonesien, Malaysia – das alles sind bekannte FGM-Gebiete. Es ist doch wohl ausgeschlossen, dass al-Awa keine Kenntnis von der extrem stark verbreiteten indonesischen FGM hat – hochwahrscheinlich belügt er uns also.

    Es ist anzunehmen, dass der Salafi die südostasiatische sunat perempuan (chitan wanita) nicht als Genitalverstümmelung verbucht wissen möchte.

    Antwort 6, islamisch verboten sei: „das Abschneiden von Organen und das Verursachen von Schädigungen eines Menschen, the cutting of organs and harming of people“, was, wenn das am weiblichen Geschlechtsorgan möglicherweise doch islamrechtlich einwandfrei Abzuschneidende einfach nicht „Organ“ ist. Was, wenn im Einklang mit Koran und Sunna an der Vulva geritzt, gestochen, eingeschnitten oder auch abgeschnitten wird, aber – aus Sicht von al-Awa wohlgemerkt! – kein Beschädigen, kein Schaden (harming) stattfindet.

    FGM in the context of Islam · Al-Awa, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) & International Federation of Islamic Scholars [International Union of Muslim Scholars · IUMS] (May 2012)

    http://egypt.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/d9174a63-2960-459b-9f78-b33ad795445e.pdf

    .
    .

    Vor elf Jahren (2006) schwärmte Raymond William Baker (Islam without Fear: Egypt and the New Islamists) von den „neuen Islamisten, new Islamists“. Neben Tariq al-Bishri und Qusuf al-Qaradawi bejubelte er Mohammed Selim al-Awa:

    Muhammad Selim al Awa

    ___ps://www.amazon.de/Islam-without-Fear-Egypt-Islamists-ebook/dp/B005J3P670

    Ägypten 2012, zur Wahl – Muslimbrüder und Salafi bei der Zielrichtung Schariadiktatur – stellte sich der siebzigjährige Mohamed Selim el-Awa

    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=484095

    .

    Mohamed Selim el-Aoua
    Mohammed Selim al-Awa

    Er studierte Islamisches Recht (Scharia; Fiqh). Il étudie le droit islamique (usul al-fiqh / ‏أصول الفقه / uṣūlu ʾl-fiqh) à l’université d’Alexandrie, puis poursuit ses études à l’étranger, étant donné ses liens avec les Frères musulmans [Muslimbrüder] : ce sera à la School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) de l’université de Londres. Son doctorat est une étude comparée des droits islamique et anglo-saxon.

    Œuvres

    On the Political System of the Islamic State, American Trust Publications.
    Punishment in Islamic Law – A Comparative Study, American Trust Publications, Indianapolis 1993, (ISBN 0-89259-142-0).
    Religion and Political Structures – An Islamic Viewpoint, Birmingham 1999.

    https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohamed_Selim_el-Aoua

    .

    Die ägyptischen Schiiten hingegen verteidigt er schon mal. Unrühmlich bekanntgeworden hingegen ist al-Awa für Hetze gegen Kopten: Die koptische Kirche würde angeblich eine Frau gefangen halten, die zum Islam konvertieren möchte. Die Kirche würde überhaupt einen Staat im Staat bilden. Sie würde heimlich Waffen horten, um diese gegen Muslime einzusetzen.

    In 2010 he alleged that the Coptic Church had kidnapped a Coptic woman to prevent her converting to Islam. El-Awa accused the Church, in an interview to Al-Jazeera at the time, of acting as a “state within a state,” saying that it was unacceptable that the government turned a blind eye to the Church taking the convert hostage. He also claimed that the Church was smuggling and hiding weapons to use them against Muslims.

    Mohamed Selim El-Awa | by: Salma Shukrallah | Ahram Online 02.04.2012

    http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/36/124/36721/Presidential-elections-/Meet-the-candidates/Mohamed-Selim-ElAwa.aspx

  43. Jacques Auvergne Says:

    Dubai 2004, ein Kleriker gibt die korrekte theologische Antwort auf die Frage der weiblichen Beschneidung (FGM, weibliche Genitalverstümmelung) im Islam.

    _ _

    MEMRI TV Project

    Dr. `Omar al-Khatib · Dubai Ministry of Religious Endowments (Awqaf)

    Dubai TV 15.08.2004

    „What is the religious position of this subject?“ […]

    [ Minister Dr. Umar al-Chatib; s. Untertitel ]

    „There are clerics who believe“ […]

    „I say whoever performs this procedure of circumcising his daughters in a legitimate way and according to accepted religious principles – there is nothing wrong with this.“

    _ _

    [ Islam und Genitalverstümmelung an Frauen, erklärt von einem hohen Kleriker aus Dubai. Der fromme Geistliche mit dem keuschen heiligen Fummel, äh Kittel, eine himmlisch-blaue Glitzerglaskugel wie zufällig vorm Gemächt, billigt die Mädchenbeschneidung, die andererseits auch nicht sein muss, die jedoch gerne erlaubt ist, sofern sie in der rechten islamischen Weise durchgeführt wird. Und ohnehin sollte man öffentlich nicht so viel darüber reden. ]

    Minister Umar al-Chatib:

    „Ich würde sagen, kurz und bündig, dass es Kleriker gibt, die glauben, dass dieses [Islamic FGM · islamische weibliche Genitalverstümmelung] ein ehrbare [makruma] Tat ist und eine Frau würdigt, obwohl es nach der Sunna noch nicht einmal erforderlich ist. Andere sagen, dass es nach der Sunna doch erforderlich ist. Wieder andere halten es für religiös absolut verpflichtend [wadschib].“

    „Ich sage: Jeder, der diese Prozedur des Beschneidens seiner Töchter [Chitan al-banat; zu: bint, Tochter; Chitan-al-inath, Chatna] in einer legitimen Weise durchführt und in Übereinstimmung mit den akzeptierten religiösen Grundsätzen […] – darin liegt nichts Falsches.“

    http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=6f3_1209919315

    https://www.memri.org/tv/dubai-government-official-female-genital-mutilation-daughters-optional-religious-point-view

    Transcript

    […] I would say, in brief, that there are clerics who believe that this is a noble sign that dignifies a woman and is not even required by the Sunna. Others say it is required by the Sunna, yet others say it obligatory. […]

    I say that whoever performs this procedure of circumcising his daughters in a legitimate way and according to accepted religious principles […] there is nothing wrong with this. […]

    (MEMRI)

    https://www.memri.org/tv/dubai-government-official-female-genital-mutilation-daughters-optional-religious-point-view/transcript

    _ _ _ _

    Dr. Omar Mohammed Al Khateeb
    [ Umar al-Chatib ]

    Dr. Omar Mohammed Al Khateeb is the Executive Director of Islamic Affairs Sector in Dubai Government’s Islamic Affairs and Charitable Activities Department.

    https://www.globalpeace.org/people/dr-omar-mohammed-al-khateeb

    [ Global Peace Convention · GPC ]

    Presentation at GPC Malaysia 2013

    [Dr. Al Khateeb] Ethics and Moral Values for a Better Future from GlobalPeaceFoundation [ Global Peace Foundation · GPF ]

    _ _
    _ _

    Female Circumcision – Women’s rights in Islam

    A short televised sermon by Dr. Omar al-Khatib of the Dubai Ministry of Religious Endowment.

    .

    .

  44. Nothing to do with Islam, as usual Says:

    The hoax of a hoax

    Stop whitewashing Islam! Nine Days Earlier.

    02.05.2017, April Horning is right, khatna (khitan al-inath, FGM) is an Islamic practice.

    ___

    Minnesota Muslims Denied Twisted Ritual As State Officials Label Islamic Practice As Criminal

    Posted by April Horning | May 2, 2017 | States’ Rights, Top Article

    https://conservativedailypost.com/minnesota-muslims-denied-twisted-ritual-state-officials-label-islamic-practice-criminal/?utm_source=Push&utm_medium=OneSignal&utm_campaign=2_May-1

    ___

    Nine Days Later. Has she been forced to revoke?

    ___

    Exposed: Islamic FGM Practice Proven A Hoax, Twisted Practice Found Nowhere In Religious Text

    Posted by April Horning | May 11, 2017 | Liberal Corruption

    (…) FGM is not endorsed by either Islam or by Christianity (…)

    [ image description ] Religion is often the excuse behind FGM, but there is no direct tie between the two.

    https://conservativedailypost.com/exposed-islamic-fgm-practice-proven-hoax-twisted-practice-found-nowhere-religious-text/

    ___

    Nothing but good news to report with regard to Islam.

    The hoax of a hoax.

  45. LevBehZiz Says:

    ::

    Yaacov Shapiro – Der Rebe zol leybn

    Az der rebe shteyt oyf fun tish, tut a vunk tsum gabe reb …

    אַז דער רבּי שטײט אַױף פֿון טיש, טוט אַ װוּנק צום גבּאי רבּ שעפּסל

    ::

    ::

    hamer un ayzn

    der hamer un dos shtik ayzn

    https://www.uni-trier.de/index.php?id=31485

    ::
    ::

    [ dos yidishe lid fun der vokh ]
    The Yiddish Song of the Week

    [ Index ]

    https://yiddishsong.wordpress.com/song-archive/

    Gabe! ­– Vos vil der rebe?
    Der rebe vil ­­– me zol im derlangen.
    Vos? – Latkes mit shmalts,
    Az der rebe mit der rebetsn
    Zol zayn a gezunt in haldz.

    https://yiddishsong.wordpress.com/tag/rebbe/

    https://yiddishsong.wordpress.com/2011/09/22/lekoved-yontef-lekoved-shabes-performed-by-zinaida-lyovina-and-dasya-khrapunskaya/

    ס‘איז פֿינצטער, גליטשיק, שפּעט בײַ דער נאַכט
    S‘iz fintster, glitshik, shpeyt bay der nakht
    It‘s dark, slippery, late at night

    https://yiddishsong.wordpress.com/2010/02/24/finster-glitshik-by-lifshe-schaechter-widman/

    The Yiddish Song of the Week is presented by the An-sky Jewish Folklore Research Project.

    https://yiddishsong.wordpress.com/about/

    ::

  46. Adriaan Broekhuizen Says:

    Het is uiterst gevaarlijk om te suggereren dat de medische beroepsgroep een bepaalde vorm van meisjesbesnijdenis zou moeten medicaliseren.

    „Medicalisering van de ingreep (om ondeskundig uitgevoerde VGV te vermijden) neemt de schade van de verminking niet weg en kan bovendien een schijn van legitimering wekken.“

    https://www.ggdghorkennisnet.nl/?file=2453&m=1311080371&action=file.download

    =

    Kirchentag 2017 (24 – 28 mei 2017) – Een heel bijzondere Kirchentag in het jubileumjaar van de Hervorming.

    Christina Aus der Au: Moslim moeders moeten de kans krijgen voor het trimmen van de schaamlippen van de dochter, zodat er geen charlatan, maar een arts behandelt een moslim dochter.

    =

    The 36th German Protestant Kirchentag in Berlin and Wittenberg is thinking about Female Genital Mutilation, FGM: Better to circumcise the Muslim girl at the doctor than in the back room at the charlatan

    ( What does the Protestant cleric mean? How much can a German doctor cut a girl’s genitals before Dr Christina Aus der Au would call it Female Genital Mutilation? )

    For people who violate human rights, there should be no tolerance, said Christina Aus der Au. But in the concrete encounter with Muslims, for example, there is not only black and white in this regard. If, for example, a Muslima came with her daughter to the women’s doctor to cut out her labia in fulfillment of a religious tradition, that is against human rights. But if the doctor refused to do so, they would probably go to a quack, which compromised the health of the young woman. For this reason, the physician could perform the intervention against his own conviction, and then, together with those affected, could do something against this religious practice.

    The president of the church council promised to remain in conversation forever. „Exclusion is the Ultima Ratio.“ It was necessary to engage in dialogue in the mutual listening, as well as to go out of the other something to be able to learn.

    (source | pro Christliches Medienmagazin 28.05.2017 Kirchentag)

    https://www.pro-medienmagazin.de/gesellschaft/kirche/2017/05/28/schmidt-salomon-kritisiert-auftritt-al-tayyebs/

    =

    Scandale au congrès des protestants allemands | Les mutilations génitales féminines (MGF, ici: mutilation de la totalité ou partie des labia majora ou labia minora (ablation des lèvres, MGF type II)) | La théologienne suisse Aus der Au (Suisse) veut que la torture continue sous des couverts prétendus médicaux

    Pour les personnes qui violent les droits humains, il devrait y avoir aucune tolérance, a déclaré la théologienne suisse Christina Aus der Au, présidente du Kirchentag de 2017. Mais dans la rencontre concrète avec les musulmans tout n’est pas noir ou blanc. Par exemple, si une femme musulmane dans ce pays vient avec sa fille chez le gynécologue pour exciser sa fille, pour exciser la totalité ou partie des labia majora ou labia minora [ablation des lèvres, MGF type II], […] Mais si le médecin refuse de le faire, ils peut-être vont à un « charlatan » qui met en danger la santé de la jeune femme. Par conséquent, le médecin peut effectuer le traitement chirurgical contre sa condamnation réelle, […] cette pratique religieuse […].

    (source | pro Christliches Medienmagazin 28.05.2017 Kirchentag)

    https://www.pro-medienmagazin.de/gesellschaft/kirche/2017/05/28/schmidt-salomon-kritisiert-auftritt-al-tayyebs/

    =

    Christina Aus der Au, Präsidentin des Deutschen Evangelischen Kirchentags 2017, fordert Toleranz gegenüber der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung. Ein Plädoyer für Menschenrechtsverletzungen nach konkretem religiösem Bedarf.

    „Da mit § 226a StGB die weibliche Genitalverstümmelung in allen Formen bereits unter Strafe gestellt wurde, verstößt die menschenrechtswidrige Ansicht von Frau Kirchentagspräsidentin Christina Aus der Au auch gegen bereits geltendes Recht. Aus den Ansichten von Frau Kirchentagspräsidentin Christina Aus der Au ergibt sich zweifelsfrei die Berechtigung für den Zweifel über den Beitrag der Kirchen zur Sicherstellung der Menschenwürde. Toleranz heißt für Frau Kirchentagspräsidentin Christina Aus der Au offensichtlich die Toleranz für faktische Umsetzung von Menschenrechtsverletzungen.“

    (zitiert aus: Beschneidung von Jungen und Mädchen aus religiösen Gründen. Das Kölner Urteil, die gesellschaftliche Diskussion und die juristische Entwicklung | Steffen Wasmund, Berlin)

    http://www.zwangsbeschneidung.de/presse-2017.html#aus-der-au-fordert-toleranz-fuer-weibliche-genitalverst%C3%BCmmelung

    =

    Strafanzeige wegen Billigung bzw. Bewerbung der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung (Female Genital Mutilation, FGM) und wegen Aufruf an Ärzte zur Durchführung der FGM gegen Prof. Dr. Christina Aus der Au, Theologin, Frauenfeld (TG), Schweiz

    […] Bei einer Podiumsdiskussion des diesjährigen Deutschen Evangelischen Kirchentags im Festsaal des Roten Rathauses (Offene Gesellschaft – Wo sind die Grenzen der Toleranz) am 27. Mai 2017 warb Aus der Au sinngemäß dafür, die Beschneidung des Geschlechtsorgans eines muslimischen Mädchens zu tolerieren und diese FGM besser durch einen ausgebildeten Arzt durchführen zu lassen als durch einen Laien im Hinterhof […]

    https://eifelginster.wordpress.com/2017/05/31/470/

  47. Traoré Griot Says:

    ::

    [ Zitat ]

    TERRE DES FEMMES

    „Brücken bauen zwischen der EU und FGM Herkunftsländern“ – EndFGM Seminar in Brüssel

    Am 30.05.2017 findet in Brüssel ein Seminar zu dem Thema „Brücken bauen zwischen der EU und FGM Herkunftsländern“ statt, unsere TERRE DES FEMMES FGM Referentin Charlotte Weil ist heute vor Ort.

    Das EU-weite Netzwerk EndFGM […]

    Wir freuen uns sehr an diesem Tag teilzunehmen und gemeinsam an dem Konzept der weltweiten Überwindung von FGM zu arbeiten!

    Stand: 05/2017

    http://www.frauenrechte.de/online/index.php/themen-und-aktionen/weibliche-genitalverstuemmelung2/aktuelles/2445-bruecken-bauen-zwischen-der-eu-und-fgm-herkunftslaendern-endfgm-seminar-in-bruessel

    .

    .

    MAP-FGM Seminar in Brüssel zur wissenschaftlichen Forschung

    Am 08.06.2017 startete die zweitägige Konferenz von MAP-FGM zum Thema „Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting at the Intersection of Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Method Research – Experiences from Africa and Europe“ statt. Unsere TERRE DES FEMMES FGM Referentin Charlotte Weil ist vor Ort.

    Das Multisektionale Akademische Programm zur Verhinderung und Bekämpfung von weiblicher Genitalverstümmelung (MAP-FGM) […]

    http://www.frauenrechte.de/online/index.php/themen-und-aktionen/weibliche-genitalverstuemmelung2/aktuelles/2462-map-fgm-seminar-in-bruessel-zur-wissenschaftlichen-forschung

    ::

  48. June 14 • STOP Aus der Au & other Pro-FGM-propagandists • National Anti-FGM Day, June 14th, Egypt Says:

    .

    .

    CAIRO: A new campaign, aims to fight female genital mutilation (FGM,) will be launched on June 14 marking Egypt’s National Anti-FGM Day

    •ttps://www.facebook.com/TheGirlGen/posts/383678431838437

    EMMA | Das politische Magazin für Menschen

    Herausgeberin: Alice Schwarzer

    http://www.emma.de/

    .

    .

Kommentar verfassen

Trage deine Daten unten ein oder klicke ein Icon um dich einzuloggen:

WordPress.com-Logo

Du kommentierst mit Deinem WordPress.com-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Twitter-Bild

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Twitter-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Facebook-Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Google+ Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Google+-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Verbinde mit %s


%d Bloggern gefällt das: